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1 Chronicles 19:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now it came about after this, that Nahash the king of the sons of Ammon died, and his son became king in his place.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it came to pass after this that Nahash king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, after this, that Nahash king of the sons of Ammon died,—and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it cometh to pass after this, that Nahash king of the sons of Ammon dieth, and his son reigneth in his stead,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now it came to pass that Naas the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now it came to passe after this, that Nahash the King of the children of Ammon dyed, & his sonne reigned in his stead.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it came to pass after this, [that] Nahash{gr.Naas} the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanan{gr.Anan} his son reigned in his stead.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now it came to pass after this, that Nachash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now it came to pass x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
after x310
(0310) Complement
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
this, y310
[0310] Standard
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
that N נָחָשׁ 5176
{5176} Prime
נָחָשׁ
Nachash
{naw-khawsh'}
The same as H5175; Nachash, the name of two persons apparently non Israelites.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `Ammn עַמּוֹן 5983
{5983} Prime
עַמּוֹן
`Ammown
{am-mone'}
From H5971; tribal, that is, inbred; Ammon, a son of Lot; also his posterity and their country.
died, 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and his son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
reigned 4427
{4427} Prime
מָלַךְ
malak
{maw-lak'}
A primitive root; to reign; inceptively to ascend the throne; causatively to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in his stead. x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 19:1

_ _ 1 Chronicles 19:1-5. David’s messengers, sent to comfort Hanun, are disgracefully treated.

_ _ after this — This phrase seems to indicate that the incident now to be related took place immediately, or soon after the wars described in the preceding chapter. But the chronological order is loosely observed, and the only just inference that can be drawn from the use of this phrase is, that some farther account is to be given of the wars against the Syrians.

_ _ Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died — There had subsisted a very friendly relation between David and him, begun during the exile of the former, and cemented, doubtless, by their common hostility to Saul.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 19:1-5

_ _ Let us here observe, 1. That is becomes good people to be neighbourly, and especially to be grateful. David will pay respect to Hanun because he is his neighbour; and religion teaches us to be civil and obliging to all, to honour all men, and to be ready to do all offices of kindness to those we live among; nor must difference in religion be any obstruction to this. But, besides this, David remembered the kindness which his father showed to him. Those that have received kindness must return it as they have ability and opportunity: those that have received it from the parents must return it to the children when they are gone. 2. That, as saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked, 1 Samuel 24:13. The vile person will speak villany, and the instruments of the churl will be evil, to destroy those with lying words that speak right, Isaiah 32:6, Isaiah 32:7. Those that are base, and design ill themselves, are apt to be jealous and to suspect ill of others without cause. Hanun's servant suggested that David's ambassadors came as spies, as if so great and mighty a man as David needed to do so mean a thing (if he had any design upon the Ammonites, he could effect it by open force, and had no occasion for any fraudulent practices), or as if a man of such virtue and honour would do so base a thing. Yet Hanun hearkened to the suggestion, and, against the law of nations, treated David's ambassadors villainously. 3. Masters ought to protect their servants, and with the greatest tenderness to concern themselves for them if they come by any loss or damage in their service. David did so for his ambassadors, 1 Chronicles 19:5. Christ will do so for his ministers; and let all masters thus give unto their servants that which is just and equal.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Nahash:

1 Samuel 11:1-2 Then Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped against Jabeshgilead: and all the men of Jabesh said unto Nahash, Make a covenant with us, and we will serve thee. ... And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this [condition] will I make [a covenant] with you, that I may thrust out all your right eyes, and lay it [for] a reproach upon all Israel.
1 Samuel 12:12 And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us: when the LORD your God [was] your king.
2 Samuel 10:1-3 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. ... And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David [rather] sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?
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1S 11:1; 12:12. 2S 10:1.

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