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1 Chronicles 19:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved them and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Hanun took David's servants, and had them shaved, and their raiment cut off in the midst, as far as the hip, and sent them away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So Hanun took the servants of David, and shaved them, and cut off their upper garments in the middle, as far as their parts of shame,—and let them go.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Hanun taketh the servants of David, and shaveth them, and cutteth their long robes in the midst, unto the buttocks, and sendeth them away.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore Hanon shaved the heads and beards of the servants of David, and cut away their garments from the buttocks to the feet, and sent them away.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore Hanun tooke Dauids seruants, and shaued them, and cut off their garments in the middest, hard by their buttockes, and sent them away.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Hanan{gr.Anan} took the servants of David, and shaved them, and cut off the half of their garments as far as their tunic, and sent them away.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore Chanun took Dawid's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore nn חָנוּן 2586
{2586} Prime
חָנוּן
Chanuwn
{khaw-noon'}
From H2603; favored; Chanun, the name of an Ammonite and of two Israelites.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Dwi's דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
servants, 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
and shaved 1548
{1548} Prime
גָּלַח
galach
{gaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; properly to be bald, that is, (causatively) to shave; figuratively to lay waste.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
them, and cut off 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
their garments 4063
{4063} Prime
מֶדֶו
medev
{meh'-dev}
From an unused root meaning to stretch; properly extent, that is, measure; by implication a dress (as measured).
in the midst 2677
{2677} Prime
חֲצִי
chetsiy
{khay-tsee'}
From H2673; the half or middle.
hard by x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
their buttocks, 4667
{4667} Prime
מִפְשָׂעָה
miphsa`ah
{mif-saw-aw'}
From H6585; a stride, that is, (by euphemism) the crotch.
and sent them away. 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 19:4-5

_ _ shaved them — not completely, but only the half of their face. This disrespect to the beard, and indecent exposure of their persons by their clothes being cut off from the girdle downwards, was the grossest indignity to which Jews, in common with all Orientals, could be subjected. No wonder that the men were ashamed to appear in public — that the king recommended them to remain in seclusion on the border till the mark of their disgrace had disappeared — and then they might, with propriety, return to the court.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 19:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 19:4

Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and (c) shaved them, and cut off their (d) garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.

(c) They shaved off half of their beards, (2 Samuel 10:4).

(d) To put them to shame and villany, while the ambassadors should have been honoured: and because the Jews used to wear side garments and beards, they thus disfigured them, to make them odious to others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
took David's:

Psalms 35:12 They rewarded me evil for good [to] the spoiling of my soul.
Psalms 109:4-5 For my love they are my adversaries: but I [give myself unto] prayer. ... And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.

shaved them:

Leviticus 19:27 Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.
Isaiah 15:2 He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over Medeba: on all their heads [shall be] baldness, [and] every beard cut off.
Jeremiah 41:5 That there came certain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, [even] fourscore men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with offerings and incense in their hand, to bring [them] to the house of the LORD.
Jeremiah 48:37 For every head [shall be] bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands [shall be] cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth.

and cut:

Isaiah 20:4 So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners, and the Ethiopians captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, even with [their] buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.
Isaiah 47:2-3 Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers. ... Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and I will not meet [thee as] a man.

sent them:

2 Samuel 10:4-5 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, [even] to their buttocks, and sent them away. ... When they told [it] unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and [then] return.
2 Chronicles 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till [there was] no remedy.
Mark 12:4 And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded [him] in the head, and sent [him] away shamefully handled.
Luke 20:10-11 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent [him] away empty. ... And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated [him] shamefully, and sent [him] away empty.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:27. 2S 10:4. 2Ch 36:16. Ps 35:12; 109:4. Is 15:2; 20:4; 47:2. Jr 41:5; 48:37. Mk 12:4. Lk 20:10.

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