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1 Timothy 3:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— not addicted to wine or pugnacious, but gentle, peaceable, free from the love of money.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre, but patient; not a brawler, not covetous;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— not given to excesses from wine, not a striker, but mild, not addicted to contention, not fond of money,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Not given to wine, not ready to wound, but considerate, averse to contention, not fond of money,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— not given to wine, not a striker, not given to filthy lucre, but gentle, not contentious, not a lover of money,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Not given to wine, no striker, but modest, not quarrelsome, not covetous, but
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Not giuen to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre, but patient, not a brawler, not couetous;
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and not a transgressor over wine, nor (one) whose hand hastens to strike; but he is to be gentle and not contentious, nor a lover of money;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and not a transgressor in regard to wine, and whose hand is not swift to strike; but he should be humble, and not contentious, nor a lover of money;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
given to wine, 3943
{3943} Prime
πάροινος
paroinos
{par'-oy-nos}
From G3844 and G3631; staying near wine, that is, tippling (a toper).
no 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
striker, 4131
{4131} Prime
πλήκτης
plektes
{plake'-tace}
From G4141; a smiter, that is, pugnacious (quarrelsome).
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
greedy of filthy lucre; 146
{0146} Prime
αἰσχροκερδής
aischrokerdes
{ahee-skhrok-er-dace'}
From G0150 and κέρδος [[kerdos]] (gain); sordid.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
patient, 1933
{1933} Prime
ἐπιεικής
epieikes
{ep-ee-i-kace'}
From G1909 and G1503; appropriate, that is, (by implication) mild.
not a brawler, 269
{0269} Prime
ἄμαχος
amachos
{am'-akh-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3163; peaceable.
not covetous; 866
{0866} Prime
ἀφιλάργυρος
aphilarguros
{af-il-ar'-goo-ros}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5366; unavaricious.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 3:3

_ _ Not given to wine — The Greek includes besides this, not indulging in the brawling, violent conduct towards others, which proceeds from being given to wine. The opposite of “patient” or (Greek) “forbearing,” reasonable to others (see on Philippians 4:5).

_ _ no striker — with either hand or tongue: not as some teachers pretending a holy zeal (2 Corinthians 11:20), answering to “not a brawler” or fighter (compare 1 Kings 22:24; Nehemiah 13:25; Isaiah 58:4; Acts 23:2; 2 Timothy 2:24, 2 Timothy 2:25).

_ _ not covetousGreek, “not a lover of money,” whether he have much or little (Titus 1:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 3:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 3:3

Not (c) given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

(c) A common drinker and one that will often partake of it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Not given to wine:
or, Not ready to quarrel, and offer wrong, as one in wine,
1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise [must] the deacons [be] grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
Leviticus 10:9 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your generations:
Isaiah 5:11-12 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them! ... And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.
Isaiah 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!
Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Isaiah 56:12 Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.
Micah 2:11 If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, [saying], I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong drink; he shall even be the prophet of this people.
Matthew 24:45-51 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season? ... And shall cut him asunder, and appoint [him] his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Luke 12:42-46 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom [his] lord shall make ruler over his household, to give [them their] portion of meat in due season? ... The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for [him], and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.
Luke 21:34-36 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares. ... Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.
Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;
Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that [they be] in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

no:

2 Timothy 2:24-25 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all [men], apt to teach, patient, ... In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;

not greedy:

Proverbs 1:19 So [are] the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; [which] taketh away the life of the owners thereof.
Proverbs 15:27 He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts shall live.
Isaiah 56:11 Yea, [they are] greedy dogs [which] can never have enough, and they [are] shepherds [that] cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.
Jude 1:11 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.

filthy:

1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise [must] the deacons [be] grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
1 Samuel 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
Titus 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

patient:

1 Timothy 6:11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
Ecclesiastes 7:8 Better [is] the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: [and] the patient in spirit [is] better than the proud in spirit.
1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
2 Timothy 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all [men], apt to teach, patient,
Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.

a brawler:

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, [but] gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
James 4:1 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members?
*marg.

not covetous:

1 Samuel 2:15-17 Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw. ... Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.
2 Kings 5:20-27 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master hath spared Naaman this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he brought: but, [as] the LORD liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of him. ... The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper [as white] as snow.
Jeremiah 6:13 For from the least of them even unto the greatest of them every one [is] given to covetousness; and from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.
Jeremiah 8:10 Therefore will I give their wives unto others, [and] their fields to them that shall inherit [them]: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.
Micah 3:5 Thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace; and he that putteth not into their mouths, they even prepare war against him.
Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, [Is] not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us.
Malachi 1:10 Who [is there] even among you that would shut the doors [for nought]? neither do ye kindle [fire] on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
Matthew 21:13 And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves.
John 10:12-13 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. ... The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.
John 12:5-6 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? ... This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
Acts 8:18-21 And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money, ... Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: for thy heart is not right in the sight of God.
Acts 20:33 I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel.
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
2 Peter 2:14-15 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: ... Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;
Revelation 18:11-13 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: ... And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.
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Lv 10:9. 1S 2:15; 8:3. 2K 5:20. Pv 1:19; 15:27. Ec 7:8. Is 5:11; 28:1, 7; 56:11, 12. Jr 6:13; 8:10. Ezk 44:21. Mi 2:11; 3:5, 11. Mal 1:10. Mt 21:13; 24:45. Lk 12:42; 21:34. Jn 10:12; 12:5. Ac 8:18; 20:33. Ro 16:18. Ep 5:18. 1Th 5:14. 1Ti 3:8; 6:11. 2Ti 2:24. Tit 1:7, 11; 2:3; 3:2. Jm 4:1. 1P 5:2. 2P 2:3, 14. Jde 1:11. Rv 1:9; 18:11.

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