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2 Chronicles 18:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance; and he joined affinity with Ahab.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance, and joined affinity with Ahab.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Jehoshaphat had great riches and honor; and he allied himself by marriage with Ahab.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance, and joined affinity with Ahab.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance; and he allied himself with Ahab by marriage.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, when Jehoshaphat had riches and honour, in abundance, that he contracted, by marriage, affinity with Ahab.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehoshaphat hath riches and honour in abundance, and joineth affinity to Ahab,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Josaphat was rich and very glorious, and was joined by affinity to Achab.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now Iehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance, and ioyned affinitie with Ahab.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jehoshaphat{gr.Josaphat} had yet great wealth and glory, and he connected himself by marriage with the house of Ahab{gr.Achaab}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now Yehoshafat had riches and honour in abundance, and joined affinity with Achav.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now Yhf+ יְהוֹשָׁפָט 3092
{3092} Prime
יְהוֹשָׁפָט
Y@howshaphat
{yeh-ho-shaw-fawt'}
From H3068 and H8199; Jehovah-judged; Jehoshaphat, the name of six Israelites; also of a valley near Jerusalem.
had x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
riches 6239
{6239} Prime
עֹשֶׁר
`osher
{o'-sher}
From H6238; wealth.
and honour 3519
{3519} Prime
כָּבוֹד
kabowd
{kaw-bode'}
From H3513; properly weight; but only figuratively in a good sense, splendor or copiousness.
in abundance, 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
and joined affinity 2859
{2859} Prime
חוֹתֵן
chathan
{khaw-than'}
A primitive root; to give (a daughter) away in marriage; hence (generally) to contract affinity by marriage.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
with Av אַחאָב. 256
{0256} Prime
אַחְאָב
'Ach'ab
{akh-awb'}
The second form used once (by contraction) in Jeremiah 29:22; from H0251 and H0001; brother (that is, friend) of (his) father; Achab, the name of a king of Israel and of a prophet at Babylon.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 18:1

_ _ 2 Chronicles 18:1-34. Jehoshaphat and Ahab go against Ramoth-gilead.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 18:1-3

_ _ Here is, I. Jehoshaphat growing greater. It was said before (2 Chronicles 17:5) that he had riches and honour in abundance; and here it is said again that his wealth and honour increased upon him by piety and good management.

_ _ II. Not growing wiser, else he would not have joined with Ahab, that degenerate Israelite, who had sold himself to work wickedness. What good could he get by a man that was so bad? What good could he do to a man that was so obstinately wicked — an idolater, a persecutor? With him he joined in affinity, that is, married his son Jehoram to Ahab's daughter Athaliah.

_ _ 1. This was the worst match that ever was made by any of the house of David. I wonder what Jehoshaphat could promise himself by it. (1.) Perhaps pride made the match, as it does many a one, which speeds accordingly. His religion forbade him to marry his son to a daughter of any of the heathen princes that were about him — Thou shalt not take their daughters to thy sons; and, having riches and honour in abundance, he thought it a disparagement to marry him to a subject. A king's daughter it must be, and therefore Ahab's, little considering that Jezebel was her mother. (2.) Some think he did it in policy, hoping by this expedient to unite the kingdoms in his son, Ahab perhaps flattering him with hopes that he would make him his heir, when he intended no such thing.

_ _ 2. This match drew Jehoshaphat, (1.) Into an intimate familiarity with Ahab. He paid him a visit at Samaria, and Ahab, proud of the honour which Jehoshaphat did him, gave him a very splendid entertainment, according to the splendour of those times: He killed sheep and oxen for him, plain meat, in abundance, 2 Chronicles 18:2. In this Jehoshaphat did not walk so closely as he should have done in the ways of his father David, who hated the congregation of evil-doers and would not sit with the wicked (Psalms 26:5), nor desired to eat of their dainties, Psalms 141:4. (2.) Into a league with Ahab against the Syrians. Ahab persuaded him to join forces with him in an expedition for the recovery of Ramoth-Gilead, a city in the tribe of Gad, on the other side Jordan. Did not Ahab know that that, and all the other cities of Israel, did of right belong to Jehoshaphat, as heir of the house of David? With what face then could he ask Jehoshaphat to assist him in recovering it for himself, whose title to the crown was usurped and precarious? Yet Jehoshaphat, an easy man, yields to go with him: I am as thou art, 2 Chronicles 18:3. Some men's kindnesses are dangerous, as well as their society infectious. The feast Ahab made for Jehoshaphat was designed only to wheedle him into the expedition. The kisses of an enemy are deceitful.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 18:1

With Ahab — For Joram's eldest son married Athaliah, Ahab's daughter.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 18:1

Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance, and joined (a) affinity with Ahab.

(a) For Joram Jehoshaphat's son married Ahab's daughter.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3107, bc 897

riches:

2 Chronicles 1:11-15 And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest judge my people, over whom I have made thee king: ... And the king made silver and gold at Jerusalem [as plenteous] as stones, and cedar trees made he as the sycomore trees that [are] in the vale for abundance.
2 Chronicles 17:5 Therefore the LORD stablished the kingdom in his hand; and all Judah brought to Jehoshaphat presents; and he had riches and honour in abundance.
2 Chronicles 17:12 And Jehoshaphat waxed great exceedingly; and he built in Judah castles, and cities of store.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

joined affinity:
He took Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab, to be wife to his son Joram (
2 Kings 8:18 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD.
); which fatal connection was highly displeasing to God, and Jehoshaphat was severely reproved for it by Jehu the seer,
2 Chronicles 19:1-3 And Jehoshaphat the king of Judah returned to his house in peace to Jerusalem. ... Nevertheless there are good things found in thee, in that thou hast taken away the groves out of the land, and hast prepared thine heart to seek God.
2 Chronicles 18:31 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, It [is] the king of Israel. Therefore they compassed about him to fight: but Jehoshaphat cried out, and the LORD helped him; and God moved them [to depart] from him.
2 Chronicles 19:2 And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the LORD? therefore [is] wrath upon thee from before the LORD.
2 Chronicles 21:6 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, like as did the house of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab to wife: and he wrought [that which was] evil in the eyes of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 22:2-3 Forty and two years old [was] Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name also [was] Athaliah the daughter of Omri. ... He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counsellor to do wickedly.
1 Kings 16:31-33 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him. ... And Ahab made a grove; and Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him.
1 Kings 21:25 But there was none like unto Ahab, which did sell himself to work wickedness in the sight of the LORD, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up.
2 Kings 8:18 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD.
2 Kings 8:26-27 Two and twenty years old [was] Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel. ... And he walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and did evil in the sight of the LORD, as [did] the house of Ahab: for he [was] the son in law of the house of Ahab.
2 Kings 11:1 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
2 Corinthians 6:14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
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1K 16:31; 21:25. 2K 8:18, 26; 11:1. 2Ch 1:11; 17:5, 12; 18:31; 19:1, 2; 21:6; 22:2. Mt 6:33. 2Co 6:14.

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