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2 Chronicles 18:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramothgilead.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up against Ramoth-gilead.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-Gilead.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then went up the king of Israel, and Jehoshaphat king of Judah, against Ramothgilead.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the king of Israel goeth up, and Jehoshaphat king of Judah, unto Ramoth-Gilead;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So the king of Israel and Josaphat king of Juda went up to Ramoth Galaad.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— So the king of Israel, and Iehoshaphat the king of Iudah, went vp to Ramoth Gilead.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— So the king of Israel, and Jehoshaphat{gr.Josaphat} king of Judah{gr.Juda}, went up to Ramoth Gilead{gr.Galaad}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— So the king of Yisrael and Yehoshafat the king of Yehudah went up to Ramoth Gilad.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
So the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and Yhf+ יְהוֹשָׁפָט 3092
{3092} Prime
יְהוֹשָׁפָט
Y@howshaphat
{yeh-ho-shaw-fawt'}
From H3068 and H8199; Jehovah-judged; Jehoshaphat, the name of six Israelites; also of a valley near Jerusalem.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
went up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Rm Gil` רָמוֹת־גִּלעָד. 7433
{7433} Prime
רָאמוֹת
Ramowth
{raw-moth'}
From the plural of H7413 and H1568; heights of Gilad; Ramoth Gilad, a place East of the Jordan.
y1568
[1568] Standard
גִּלְעָד
Gil`ad
{ghil-awd'}
Probably from H1567; Gilad, a region East of the Jordan; also the name of three Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 18:28-34

_ _ We have here, 1. Good Jehoshaphat exposing himself in his robes, thereby endangered, and yet delivered. We have reason to think that Ahab, while he pretended friendship, really aimed at Jehoshaphat's life, to take him off, that he might have the management of his successor, who was his son-in-law, else he would never have advised him to enter into the battle with his robes on, which was but to make himself an easy mark to the enemy: and, if really he intended that, it was as unprincipled a piece of treachery as ever man was guilty of, and justly was he himself taken in the pit he digged for his friend. The enemy had soon an eye upon the robes, and vigorously attacked the unwary prince who now, when it was too late, wished himself in the habit of the poorest soldier, rather than in his princely raiment. he cried out, either to his friends to relieve him (but Ahab took no care of that), or to his enemies, to rectify their mistake, and let them know that he was not the king of Israel. Or perhaps he cried to God for succour and deliverance (to whom else should he cry?) and he found it was not in vain: The Lord helped him out of his distress, by moving the captains to depart from him, 2 Chronicles 18:31. God has all men's hearts in his hand, and turns them as he pleases, contrary to their own first intentions, to serve his purposes. Many are moved unaccountably both to themselves and others, but an invisible power moves them. 2. Wicked Ahab disguising himself, arming himself thereby as he thought securing himself, and yet slain, 2 Chronicles 18:33. No art, no arms, can save those whom God has appointed to ruin. What can hurt those whom God will protect? And what can shelter those whom God will destroy? Jehoshaphat is safe in his robes, Ahab killed in his armour; for the race is not to the swift nor the battle to the strong.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the king:

1 Kings 22:29-33 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramothgilead. ... And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots perceived that it [was] not the king of Israel, that they turned back from pursuing him.
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1K 22:29.

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