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Deuteronomy 33:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said, Jehovah came from Sinai, And rose from Seir unto them; He shined forth from mount Paran, And he came from the ten thousands of holy ones: At his right hand was a fiery law for them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He said, “The LORD came from Sinai, And dawned on them from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran, And He came from the midst of ten thousand holy ones; At His right hand there was flashing lightning for them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said, the LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir to them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said, Jehovah came from Sinai, And rose up from Seir unto them; He shone forth from mount Paran, And he came from the myriads of the sanctuary; From his right hand [went forth] a law of fire for them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said—Yahweh, from Sinai, came near,—Yea he dawned, out of Seir, upon them, He shone forth out of Mount Paran, Yea he came out of holy myriads,—Out of his right hand [proceeded] fire to guide them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he saith:—'Jehovah from Sinai hath come, And hath risen from Seir for them; He hath shone from mount Paran, And hath come [with] myriads of holy ones; At His right hand [are] springs for them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said: The Lord came from Sinai, and from Seir he rose up to us: he hath appeared from mount Pharan, and with him thousands of saints. In his right hand a fiery law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose vp from Seir vnto them, hee shined foorth from mount Paran, and hee came with ten thousands of Saints: from his Right hand [went] a fierie Law for them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he said, The Lord is come from Sinai{gr.Sina}, and has appeared from Seir to us, and has hasted out of the mount of Paran{gr.Pharan}, with the ten thousands of Kadesh{gr.Cades}; on his right hand [were] his angels with him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he said, Yahweh came from Sinay, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from Snay סִינַי, 5514
{5514} Prime
סִינַי
Ciynay
{see-nah'-ee}
Of uncertain derivation; Sinai, a mountain of Arabia.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and rose up 2224
{2224} Prime
זָרַח
zarach
{zaw-rakh'}
A primitive root; properly to irradiate (or shoot forth beams), that is, to rise (as the sun); specifically to appear (as a symptom of leprosy).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from `r שֵׂעִיר 8165
{8165} Prime
שֵׂעִיר
Se`iyr
{say-eer'}
Formed like H8163; rough; Seir, a mountain of Idumaea and its aboriginal occupants, also one in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
unto them; he shined forth 3313
{3313} Prime
יָפַע
yapha`
{yaw-fah'}
A primitive root; to shine.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
from mount 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Prn פָּארָן, 6290
{6290} Prime
פָּארָן
Pa'ran
{paw-rawn'}
From H6286; ornamental; Paran, a desert of Arabia.
and he came 857
{0857} Prime
אָתָה
'athah
{aw-thaw'}
A primitive root (collateral to H0225 contracted); to arrive.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with ten thousands 7233
{7233} Prime
רְבָבָה
r@babah
{reb-aw-baw'}
From H7231; abundance (in number), that is, (specifically) a myriad (whether definite or indefinite).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of saints: 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
from his right hand 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[went] a fiery 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
y799
[0799] Standard
אֵשְׁדָּת
'eshdath
{esh-dawth'}
From H0784 and H1881; a fire law.
z8676
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
law 1881
{1881} Prime
דָּת
dath
{dawth}
Of uncertain (perhaps foreign) derivation; a royal edict or statute.
for them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 33:2-4

_ _ The Lord came — Under a beautiful metaphor, borrowed from the dawn and progressive splendor of the sun, the Majesty of God is sublimely described as a divine light which appeared in Sinai and scattered its beams on all the adjoining region in directing Israel’s march to Canaan. In these descriptions of a theophania, God is represented as coming from the south, and the allusion is in general to the thunderings and lightnings of Sinai; but other mountains in the same direction are mentioned with it. The location of Seir was on the east of the Ghor; mount Paran was either the chain on the west of the Ghor, or rather the mountains on the southern border of the desert towards the peninsula [Robinson]. (Compare Judges 5:4, Judges 5:5; Psalms 68:7, Psalms 68:8; Habakkuk 3:3).

_ _ ten thousands of saints — rendered by some, “with the ten thousand of Kadesh,” or perhaps better still, “from Meribah” [Ewald].

_ _ a fiery law — so called both because of the thunder and lightning which accompanied its promulgation (Exodus 19:16-18; Deuteronomy 4:11), and the fierce, unrelenting curse denounced against the violation of its precepts (2 Corinthians 3:7-9). Notwithstanding those awe-inspiring symbols of Majesty that were displayed on Sinai, the law was really given in kindness and love (Deuteronomy 33:3), as a means of promoting both the temporal and eternal welfare of the people. And it was “the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob,” not only from the hereditary obligation under which that people were laid to observe it, but from its being the grand distinction, the peculiar privilege of the nation.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 33:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 33:2

The Lord came — Namely, to the Israelites, manifested himself graciously and gloriously among them. From Sinai — Beginning at Sinai, where the first appearance of God was, and so going on with them to Seir and Paran. And rose up — He appeared or shewed himself, as the sun doth when it riseth. From Seir — From the mountain or land of Edom, to which place the Israelites came, Numbers 20:14, &c. and from thence God led them on towards the land of promise, and then gloriously appeared for them in subduing Sihon and Og before them. But because the land of Edom is sometimes taken more largely, and so reacheth even to the Red — sea, and therefore mount Sinai was near to it, and because Paran was also near Sinai, being the next station into which they came from the wilderness of Sinai: all this verse may belong to God's appearance in mount Sinai, where that glorious light which shone upon mount Sinai directly, did in all probability scatter its beams into adjacent parts, such as Seir and Paran were. And if so, this is only a poetical expression of the same thing in divers words, and God coming or rising or shining from or to or in Sinai and Seir and Paran note one and the same illustrious action of God appearing there with ten thousands of his saints or holy angels, and giving a fiery law to them. Paran — A place where God eminently manifested his presence and goodness both in giving the people flesh which they desired, and in appointing the seventy elders and pouring forth his spirit upon them. With ten thousands of saints — That is, with a great company of holy angels, Psalms 68:17; Daniel 7:10, which attended upon him in this great and glorious work of giving the law, as may be gathered from Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19. From his right hand — Which both wrote the law and gave it to men. An allusion to men who ordinarily write and give gifts with their right hand. A fiery law — The law is called fiery, because it is of a fiery nature purging and searching and inflaming, to signify that fiery wrath which it inflicteth upon sinners for the violation of it, and principally because it was delivered out of the midst of the fire.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 33:2

And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten (b) thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.

(b) Meaning, infinite angels.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came from Sinai:

Exodus 19:18-20 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. ... And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses [up] to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.
Judges 5:4-5 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water. ... The mountains melted from before the LORD, [even] that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
Habakkuk 3:3 God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise.

ten thousands:

Psalms 68:7 O God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah:
Psalms 68:17 The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place].
Daniel 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment [was] white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne [was like] the fiery flame, [and] his wheels [as] burning fire.
Acts 7:53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept [it].
Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
2 Thessalonians 1:7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,
Hebrews 2:2 For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;
Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
Revelation 5:11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;

a fiery law:
Heb. a fire of law,
Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.
2 Corinthians 3:7 But if the ministration of death, written [and] engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which [glory] was to be done away:
2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministration of condemnation [be] glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Hebrews 12:20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:
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Ex 19:18. Dt 5:22. Jg 5:4. Ps 68:7, 17. Dn 7:9. Hab 3:3. Ac 7:53. 2Co 3:7, 9. Ga 3:10, 19. 2Th 1:7. He 2:2; 12:20. Jde 1:14. Rv 5:11.

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