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Exodus 10:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Jehovah hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah made Pharaoh's heart stubborn, and he did not let the children of Israel go.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But Yahweh suffered the heart of Pharaoh to wax bold,—and he did not let the sons of Israel go.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Jehovah strengtheneth the heart of Pharaoh, and he hath not sent the sons of Israel away.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, neither did he let the children of Israel go.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the LORD hardened Pharaohs heart, so that hee would not let the children of Israel goe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh{gr.Pharao}, and he did not send away the children of Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Yahweh hardened Paroh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Yisrael go.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hardened 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Par`'s פַּרעֹה 6547
{6547} Prime
פַּרְעֹה
Par`oh
{par-o'}
Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a generic title of Egyptian kings.
heart, 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
so that he would not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
let x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
go. 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 10:12-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 4:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, When thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go.
Exodus 7:13-14 And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said. ... And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart [is] hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.
Exodus 9:12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.
Exodus 11:10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as [appeareth] this day.
Isaiah 6:9-10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. ... Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
John 12:39-40 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, ... He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
Romans 9:18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will [have mercy], and whom he will he hardeneth.
2 Thessalonians 2:11-12 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 4:21; 7:13; 9:12; 11:10. Dt 2:30. Is 6:9. Jn 12:39. Ro 9:18. 2Th 2:11.

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