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Exodus 12:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘They shall eat the flesh that [same] night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire; and unleavened bread, [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter [herbs] shall they eat it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall they eat the flesh, in the same night,—roast with fire, and with unleavened cakes, with bitter herbs, shall they eat it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And they have eaten the flesh in this night, roast with fire; with unleavened things and bitters they do eat it;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they shall eat the flesh that night roasted at the fire, and unleavened bread with wild lettuce.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they shall eat the flesh in that night roste with fire, and vnleauened bread, [and] with bitter [herbes] they shall eate it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they shall eat the flesh in this night roast with fire, and they shall eat unleavened [bread] with bitter herbs.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they shall eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the flesh 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
in that x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
night, 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
roast 6748
{6748} Prime
צָלִי
tsaliy
{tsaw-lee'}
Passive participle of H6740; roasted.
with fire, 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
and unleavened bread; 4682
{4682} Prime
מַצָּה
matstsah
{mats-tsaw'}
From H4711 in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness; properly sweetness; concretely sweet (that is, not soured or bittered with yeast); specifically an unfermented cake or loaf, or (elliptically) the festival of Passover (because no leaven was then used).
[and] with x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
bitter 4844
{4844} Prime
מְרֹר
m@ror
{mer-ore'}
From H4843; a bitter herb.
[herbs] they shall eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 12:8

_ _ roast with fire — for the sake of expedition; and this difference was always observed between the cooking of the paschal lamb and the other offerings (2 Chronicles 35:13).

_ _ unleavened bread — also for the sake of despatch (Deuteronomy 16:3), but as a kind of corruption (Luke 12:1) there seems to have been a typical meaning under it (1 Corinthians 5:8).

_ _ bitter herbs — literally, “bitters” — to remind the Israelites of their affliction in Egypt, and morally of the trials to which God’s people are subject on account of sin.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 12:1-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
eat the:

Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
John 6:52-57 The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us [his] flesh to eat? ... As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

roast:

Deuteronomy 16:7 And thou shalt roast and eat [it] in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
Psalms 22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

unleavened:

Exodus 13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this [place]: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
Exodus 13:7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.
Exodus 34:25 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.
Numbers 9:11 The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, [and] eat it with unleavened bread and bitter [herbs].
Deuteronomy 16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, [even] the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
Amos 4:5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim [and] publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade [them] not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
1 Corinthians 5:6-8 Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? ... Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
Galatians 5:9 A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.

with bitter:

Exodus 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, [was] with rigour.
Numbers 9:11 The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, [and] eat it with unleavened bread and bitter [herbs].
Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.
1 Thessalonians 1:6 And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 1:14; 13:3, 7; 34:25. Nu 9:11. Dt 16:3, 7. Ps 22:14. Is 53:10. Am 4:5. Zc 12:10. Mt 16:12; 26:26. Jn 6:52. 1Co 5:6. Ga 5:9. 1Th 1:6.

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