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Exodus 15:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Miriam the prophetess, Aaron’s sister, took the timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dancing.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her, with timbrels, and with dances.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took the tambour in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambours and with dances.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then took Miriam the prophetess, sister of Aaron, the timbrel in her hand,—and all the women came forth after her with timbrels, and dances.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Miriam the inspired one, sister of Aaron, taketh the timbrel in her hand, and all the women go out after her, with timbrels and with choruses;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So Mary the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand: and all the women went forth after her with timbrels and with dances.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Miriam the prophetesse the sister of Aaron, tooke a timbrell in her hand, and all the women went out after her, with timbrels & with dances.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Miriam{gr.Mariam} the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, having taken a timbrel in her hand-- then there went forth all the women after her with timbrels and dances.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Miryam the prophetess, the sister of Aharon, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Miryäm מִריָם 4813
{4813} Prime
מִרְיָם
Miryam
{meer-yawm'}
From H4805; rebelliously; Mirjam, the name of two Israelitesses.
the prophetess, 5031
{5031} Prime
נְבִיאָה
n@biy'ah
{neb-ee-yaw'}
Feminine of H5030; a prophetess or (generally) inspired woman; by implication a poetess; by association a prophet's wife.
the sister 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
of ŽAhárön אַהֲרֹן, 175
{0175} Prime
אַהֲרֹן
'Aharown
{a-har-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
a timbrel 8596
{8596} Prime
תֹּף
toph
{tofe}
From H8608 contracted; a tambourine.
in her hand; 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the women 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
went out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
her with timbrels 8596
{8596} Prime
תֹּף
toph
{tofe}
From H8608 contracted; a tambourine.
and with dances. 4246
{4246} Prime
מְחֹלָה
m@chowlah
{mek-o-law'}
Feminine of H4234; a dance.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 15:20

_ _ Miriam the prophetess — so called from her receiving divine revelations (Numbers 12:1; Micah 6:4), but in this instance principally from her being eminently skilled in music, and in this sense the word “prophecy” is sometimes used in Scripture (1 Chronicles 25:1; 1 Corinthians 11:5).

_ _ took a timbrel — or “tabret” — a musical instrument in the form of a hoop, edged round with rings or pieces of brass to make a jingling noise and covered over with tightened parchment like a drum. It was beat with the fingers, and corresponds to our tambourine.

_ _ all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances — We shall understand this by attending to the modern customs of the East, where the dance — a slow, grave, and solemn gesture, generally accompanied with singing and the sound of the timbrel, is still led by the principal female of the company, the rest imitating her movements and repeating the words of the song as they drop from her lips.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 15:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 15:20

Miriam (or Mary, it is the same name) presided in an assembly of the women, who (according to the common usage of those times) with timbrels and dances, sung this song. Moses led the psalm, and gave it out for the men, and then Miriam for the women. Famous victories were wont to be applauded by the daughters of Israel, 1 Samuel 18:6-7, so was this. When God brought Israel out of Egypt, it is said, Micah 6:4, he sent before them Moses, Aaron, and Miriam; though we read not of any thing remarkable that Miriam did but this. But those are to be reckoned great blessings to a people, that go before them in praising God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 15:20

And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with (k) dances.

(k) Signifying their great joy: a custom the Jews observed in certain situations, (Judges 11:34) but it should not be used as a means to justify our wanton dances.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
prophetess:

Judges 4:4 And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.
1 Samuel 10:5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where [is] the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:
2 Kings 22:14 So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;) and they communed with her.
Luke 2:36 And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity;
Acts 21:9 And the same man had four daughters, virgins, which did prophesy.
1 Corinthians 11:5 But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with [her] head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven.
1 Corinthians 14:34 Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but [they are commanded] to be under obedience, as also saith the law.

sister:

Exodus 2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
Numbers 12:1 And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman.
Numbers 20:1 Then came the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.
Numbers 26:59 And the name of Amram's wife [was] Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom [her mother] bare to Levi in Egypt: and she bare unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister.
Micah 6:4 For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.

a timbrel:
Toph, in Arabic called duff or diff, and in Spanish adduffa, is the tabret used in the East; being a thin, broad, wooden hoop, with parchment extended over one side of it, to which small pieces of brass, tin, etc., are attached, which make a jingling noise. It is held up with one hand and beaten upon with the other, and is precisely the same as the tambourine.

all the:

Judges 11:34 And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.
Judges 21:21 And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.
1 Samuel 18:6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick.
2 Samuel 6:5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of [instruments made of] fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.
2 Samuel 6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all [his] might; and David [was] girded with a linen ephod.
2 Samuel 6:16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
Psalms 68:11 The Lord gave the word: great [was] the company of those that published [it].
Psalms 68:25 The singers went before, the players on instruments [followed] after; among [them were] the damsels playing with timbrels.
Psalms 81:2 Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery.
Psalms 149:3 Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp.
Psalms 150:4 Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 2:4. Nu 12:1; 20:1; 26:59. Jg 4:4; 11:34; 21:21. 1S 10:5; 18:6. 2S 6:5, 14, 16. 2K 22:14. Ps 68:11, 25; 81:2; 149:3; 150:4. Mi 6:4. Lk 2:36. Ac 21:9. 1Co 11:5; 14:34.

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