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Exodus 15:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they [were] bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter; therefore it was named Marah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah; for they [were] bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they came to Marah, and could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter; therefore the name of it was called Marah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, when they came in towards Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were, bitter,—for this cause, was the name thereof called Marah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they come in to Marah, and have not been able to drink the waters of Marah, for they [are] bitter; therefore hath [one] called its name Marah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they came into Mara, and they could not drink the waters of Mara because they were bitter: whereupon he gave a name also agreeable to the place, calling it Mara, that is, bitterness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when they came to Marah, they could not drinke of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they came to Merrha, and could not drink of Merrha, for it was bitter; therefore he named the name of that place, Bitterness.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they [were] bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when they came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to Mr מָרָה, 4785
{4785} Prime
מָרָה
Marah
{maw-raw'}
The same as H4751 feminine; bitter; Marah, a place in the Desert.
they could 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
of the waters 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
of Mr מָרָה, 4785
{4785} Prime
מָרָה
Marah
{maw-raw'}
The same as H4751 feminine; bitter; Marah, a place in the Desert.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
[were] bitter: 4751
{4751} Prime
מַר
mar
{mar}
From H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly.
therefore x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of it was called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Mr מָרָה. 4785
{4785} Prime
מָרָה
Marah
{maw-raw'}
The same as H4751 feminine; bitter; Marah, a place in the Desert.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 15:23

_ _ when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters — Following the general route of all travellers southward, between the sea and the tableland of the Tih (“valley of wandering”), Marah is almost universally believed to be what is now called Howarah, in Wady Amarah, about thirty miles from the place where the Israelites landed on the eastern shore of the Red Sea — a distance quite sufficient for their march of three days. There is no other perennial spring in the intermediate space. The water still retains its ancient character, and has a bad name among the Arabs, who seldom allow their camels to partake of it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 15:22-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 15:23

The name of it was called Marah — That is, Bitterness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Marah:

Numbers 33:8 And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah.

Marah:
i.e. bitterness,
Ruth 1:20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.
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Nu 33:8. Ru 1:20.

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