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Exodus 21:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If thou shalt buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall depart free for nothing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If thou buy a Hebrew bondman, six years shall he serve; and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When thou shalt acquire a servant who is a Hebrew, six years, shall he serve,—but, in the seventh, shall he go out freely—for nought.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'When thou buyest a Hebrew servant—six years he doth serve, and in the seventh he goeth out as a freeman for nought;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he serve thee; in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If thou buy an Hebrew seruant, sixe yeeres he shall serue, and in the seuenth he shall goe out free for nothing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he serve thee, and in the seventh year he shall go forth free for nothing.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If thou buy an Ivri servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou buy 7069
{7069} Prime
קָנָה
qanah
{kaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to erect, that is, create; by extension to procure, especially by purchase (causatively sell); by implication to own.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
an `IvrÓ עִברִי 5680
{5680} Prime
עִבְרִי
`Ibriy
{ib-ree'}
Patronymic from H5677; an Eberite (that is, Hebrew) or descendant of Eber.
servant, 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
six 8337
{8337} Prime
שֵׁשׁ
shesh
{shaysh}
(The second form is masculine); a primitive number; six (as an overplus (see H7797) beyond five or the fingers of the hand); as ordinal sixth.
years 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
he shall serve: 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and in the seventh 7637
{7637} Prime
שְׁבִיעִי
sh@biy`iy
{sheb-ee-ee'}
Ordinal from H7657; seventh.
he shall go out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
free 2670
{2670} Prime
חָפְשִׁי
chophshiy
{khof-shee'}
From H2666; exempt (from bondage, tax or care).
for nothing. 2600
{2600} Prime
חִנָּם
chinnam
{khin-nawm'}
From H2580; gratis, that is, devoid of cost, reason or advantage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 21:2-6

_ _ If thou buy an Hebrew servant — Every Israelite was free-born; but slavery was permitted under certain restrictions. An Hebrew might be made a slave through poverty, debt, or crime; but at the end of six years he was entitled to freedom, and his wife, if she had voluntarily shared his state of bondage, also obtained release. Should he, however, have married a female slave, she and the children, after the husband’s liberation, remained the master’s property; and if, through attachment to his family, the Hebrew chose to forfeit his privilege and abide as he was, a formal process was gone through in a public court, and a brand of servitude stamped on his ear (Psalms 40:6) for life, or at least till the Jubilee (Deuteronomy 15:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 21:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 21:2

If thou buy an Hebrew servant — Either sold by him or his parents through poverty, or by the judges for his crimes, yet even such a one was to continue in slavery but seven years at the most.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 21:2

If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for (a) nothing.

(a) Paying no money for his freedom.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an Hebrew:

Exodus 12:44 But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.
Exodus 22:3 If the sun be risen upon him, [there shall be] blood [shed] for him; [for] he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
Genesis 27:28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:
Genesis 27:36 And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me?
Leviticus 25:39-41 And if thy brother [that dwelleth] by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant: ... And [then] shall he depart from thee, [both] he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return.
Leviticus 25:44 Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, [shall be] of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.
2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the LORD: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen.
Nehemiah 5:1-5 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brethren the Jews. ... Yet now our flesh [is] as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and [some] of our daughters are brought unto bondage [already]: neither [is it] in our power [to redeem them]; for other men have our lands and vineyards.
Nehemiah 5:8 And I said unto them, We after our ability have redeemed our brethren the Jews, which were sold unto the heathen; and will ye even sell your brethren? or shall they be sold unto us? Then held they their peace, and found nothing [to answer].
Matthew 18:25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
1 Corinthians 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

and in the:

Leviticus 25:40-43 [But] as an hired servant, [and] as a sojourner, he shall be with thee, [and] shall serve thee unto the year of jubile: ... Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God.
Leviticus 25:45 Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that [are] with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your possession.
Deuteronomy 15:1 At the end of [every] seven years thou shalt make a release.
Deuteronomy 15:12-15 [And] if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee. ... And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day.
Deuteronomy 15:18 It shall not seem hard unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee; for he hath been worth a double hired servant [to thee], in serving thee six years: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest.
Deuteronomy 31:10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of [every] seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles,
Jeremiah 34:8-17 [This is] the word that came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, after that the king Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people which [were] at Jerusalem, to proclaim liberty unto them; ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; Ye have not hearkened unto me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother, and every man to his neighbour: behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the LORD, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:28, 36. Ex 12:44; 22:3. Lv 25:39, 40, 44, 45. Dt 15:1, 12, 18; 31:10. 2K 4:1. Ne 5:1, 8. Jr 34:8. Mt 18:25. 1Co 6:20.

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