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Exodus 22:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And a sojourner shalt thou not wrong, neither shalt thou oppress him: for ye were sojourners in the land of Egypt.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him; for ye have been strangers in the land of Egypt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, a sojourner, shalt thou not tread down, neither shalt thou drive him away,—for, sojourners, ye became in the land of Egypt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And a sojourner thou dost not oppress, nor crush him, for sojourners ye have been in the land of Egypt.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt not molest a stranger, nor afflict him: for yourselves also were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou shalt neither vexe a stranger, nor oppresse him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And ye shall not hurt a stranger, nor afflict him; for ye were strangers in the land of Mizraim{gr.Egypt}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Mitzrayim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou shalt neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
vex 3238
{3238} Prime
יָנָה
yanah
{yaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to rage or be violent; by implication to suppress, to maltreat.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
a stranger, 1616
{1616} Prime
גֵּר
ger
{gare}
From H1481; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner.
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
oppress 3905
{3905} Prime
לָחַץ
lachats
{law-khats'}
A primitive root; properly to press, that is, (figuratively) to distress.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him: for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
ye were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
strangers 1616
{1616} Prime
גֵּר
ger
{gare}
From H1481; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner.
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם. 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 22:16-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 22:21

A stranger must not be abused, not wronged in judgment by the magistrates, not imposed upon in contracts, nor any advantage taken of his ignorance or necessity, no, nor must he be taunted, or upbraided with his being a stranger; for all these were vexations. For ye were strangers in Egypt — And knew what it was to be vexed and oppressed there. Those that have themselves been in poverty and distress, if Providence enrich and enlarge them, ought to shew a particular tenderness towards those that are now in such circumstances as they were in formerly, now doing to them as they then wished to be done by.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
vex a stranger:

Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Leviticus 19:33 And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him.
Leviticus 25:35 And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: [yea, though he be] a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.
Deuteronomy 10:19 Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Jeremiah 7:6 [If] ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt:
Jeremiah 22:3 Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.
Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.

for ye were strangers:

Exodus 20:2 I [am] the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 10:19 Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 15:15 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day.
Deuteronomy 23:7 Thou shalt not abhor an Edomite; for he [is] thy brother: thou shalt not abhor an Egyptian; because thou wast a stranger in his land.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:2; 23:9. Lv 19:33; 25:35. Dt 10:19; 15:15; 23:7. Jr 7:6; 22:3. Zc 7:10. Mal 3:5.

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