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Exodus 22:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall not afflict any widow or orphan.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Neither widow nor fatherless, shalt thou humiliate:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Any widow or orphan ye do not afflict;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You shall not hurt a widow or an orphan.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yee shall not afflict any widow, or fatherlesse child.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ye shall hurt no widow or orphan.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
afflict 6031
{6031} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
any x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
widow, 490
{0490} Prime
אַלְמָנָה
'almanah
{al-maw-naw'}
Feminine of H0488; a widow; also a desolate place.
or fatherless child. 3490
{3490} Prime
יָתוֹם
yathowm
{yaw-thome'}
From an unused root meaning to be lonely; a bereaved person.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 22:16-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 22:22

Ye shall not afflict the widow or fatherless child — That is, ye shall comfort and assist them, and be ready upon all occasions to shew them kindness. In making just demands from them, their condition must be considered who have lost those that should protect them: they are supposed to be unversed in business, destitute of advice, timorous, and of a tender spirit; and therefore must be treated with kindness and compassion, and no advantage taken against them, nor any hardship put upon them, which a husband or a father would have sheltered them from.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Deuteronomy 10:18 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.
Deuteronomy 24:17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, [nor] of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:
Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed [be] he that perverteth the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Psalms 94:6-7 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless. ... Yet they say, The LORD shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard [it].
Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Isaiah 1:23 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
Isaiah 10:2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and [that] they may rob the fatherless!
Ezekiel 22:7 In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.
Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.
James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 10:18; 24:17; 27:19. Ps 94:6. Is 1:17, 23; 10:2. Ezk 22:7. Zc 7:10. Jm 1:27.

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