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Exodus 23:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I will send hornets ahead of you so that they will drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite from before thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And I will send the hornet, before thee,—and it shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And I have sent the hornet before thee, and it hath cast out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Sending out hornets before, that shall drive away the Hevite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, before thou come in.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I will send hornets before thee, which shall driue out the Hiuite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite from before thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will send hornets before thee, and thou shalt cast out the Amorites and the Hivites{gr.Evites}, and the Canaanites{gr.Chananites} and the Hittites{gr.Chettites} from thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Chiwwi, the Kenaani, and the Chitti, from before thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I will send 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
hornets 6880
{6880} Prime
צִרְעָה
tsir`ah
{tsir-aw'}
From H6879; a wasp (as stinging).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
thee, which shall drive out 1644
{1644} Prime
גּרשׁ
garash
{gaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the iww חִוִּי, 2340
{2340} Prime
חִוִּי
Chivviy
{khiv-vee'}
Perhaps from H2333; a villager; a Chivvite, one of the aboriginal tribes of Palestine.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the Cna`n כְּנַעֲנִי, 3669
{3669} Prime
כְּנַעֲנִי
K@na`aniy
{ken-ah-an-ee'}
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
and the itt חִתִּי, 2850
{2850} Prime
חִתִּי
Chittiy
{khit-tee'}
Patronymic from H2845; a Chittite, or descendant of Cheth.
from before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 23:28

_ _ I will send hornets before thee, etc. (See on Joshua 24:12) — Some instrument of divine judgment, but variously interpreted: as hornets in a literal sense [Bochart]; as a pestilential disease [Rosenmuller]; as a terror of the Lord, an extraordinary dejection [Junius].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 23:20-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hornets:
Tzirâh, The hornet, may be so called from the Arabic zaraâ, to lay prostrate, strike down, because of the destruction occasioned by the violence of its sting. The hornet, in natural history, belongs to the species Crabro, of the genus Vespa or Wasp. It is a most voracious insect, and exceedingly strong for its size, which is generally an inch in length.
Deuteronomy 7:20 Moreover the LORD thy God will send the hornet among them, until they that are left, and hide themselves from thee, be destroyed.
Joshua 24:11 And ye went over Jordan, and came unto Jericho: and the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your hand.
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Dt 7:20. Jsh 24:11.

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