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Exodus 23:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And a sojourner shalt thou not oppress: for ye know the heart of a sojourner, seeing ye were sojourners in the land of Egypt.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you [also] were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger; for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the stranger thou shalt not oppress; for ye know the spirit of the stranger, for ye have been strangers in the land of Egypt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, a sojourner, shalt thou not drive away,—seeing that, ye yourselves, know the soul of a sojourner; for, sojourners, became ye in the land of Egypt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And a sojourner thou dost not oppress, and ye—ye have known the soul of the sojourner, for sojourners ye have been in the land of Egypt.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt not molest a stranger, for you know the hearts of strangers: for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Also thou shalt not oppresse a stranger: for yee know the heart of a stranger, seeing yee were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And ye shall not afflict a stranger, for ye know the heart of a stranger; for ye were yourselves strangers in the land of Mizraim{gr.Egypt}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Mitzrayim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Also thou shalt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
oppress 3905
{3905} Prime
לָחַץ
lachats
{law-khats'}
A primitive root; properly to press, that is, (figuratively) to distress.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a stranger: 1616
{1616} Prime
גֵּר
ger
{gare}
From H1481; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner.
for ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the heart 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
of a stranger, 1616
{1616} Prime
גֵּר
ger
{gare}
From H1481; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner.
seeing 3588
{3588} Prime
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
ye were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
strangers 1616
{1616} Prime
גֵּר
ger
{gare}
From H1481; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner.
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם. 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 23:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 23:9

Thou shalt not oppress the stranger — Though aliens might not inherit lands among them; yet they must have justice done them. It was an instance of the equity of our law, that if an alien be tried for any crime except treason, the one half of his jury, if he desire it, shall be foreigners; a kind provision that strangers may not be oppressed. For ye know the heart of a stranger — You know something of the griefs and fears of a stranger by sad experience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 23:9

Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the (e) heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

(e) For since he is a stranger, his heart is sorrowful enough.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou shalt not:

Exodus 21:21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he [is] his money.
Deuteronomy 10:19 Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 24:14-18 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant [that is] poor and needy, [whether he be] of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that [are] in thy land within thy gates: ... But thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee thence: therefore I command thee to do this thing.
Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed [be] he that perverteth the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Psalms 94:6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.
Ezekiel 22:7 In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.

ye know:

Matthew 18:33 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee?
Hebrews 2:17-18 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. ... For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.

heart:
Heb. soul
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Ex 21:21. Dt 10:19; 24:14; 27:19. Ps 94:6. Ezk 22:7. Mt 18:33. He 2:17.

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