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Exodus 24:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then went up Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Moses goeth up, Aaron also, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abiu, and seventy of the ancients of Israel went up:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then went vp Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seuenty of the Elders of Israel:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosheh{gr.Moses} went up, and Aaron, and Nadab and Abihu{gr.Abiud}, and seventy of the elders of Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then went up Mosheh, and Aharon, Nadav, and Avihu, and seventy of the elders of Yisrael:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then went up 5927
{5927} Prime
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
M מֹשֶׁה, 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and Ahrn אַהֲרֹן, 175
{0175} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
Nv נָדָב, 5070
{5070} Prime
From H5068; liberal; Nadab, the name of four Israelites.
and vh אֲבִיהוּא, 30
{0030} Prime
From H0001 and H1931; father (that is worshipper) of Him (that is God); Abihu, a son of Aaron.
and seventy 7657
{7657} Prime
Multiple of H7651; seventy.
of the elders 2205
{2205} Prime
From H2204; old.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל: 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 24:9

_ _ Then went up Moses, and Aaron — in obedience to a command given (Exodus 24:1, Exodus 24:2; also Exodus 19:24), previous to the religious engagement of the people, now described.

_ _ Nadab, and Abihu — the two oldest sons of Aaron [Exodus 6:23].

_ _ seventy of the elders — a select number; what was the principle of selection is not said; but they were the chief representatives, the most conspicuous for official rank and station, as well as for their probity and weight of character in their respective tribes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 24:9-11

_ _ The people having, besides their submission to the ceremony of the sprinkling of blood, declared their well-pleasedness in their God and his law, again and again, God here gives to their representatives some special tokens of his favour to them (for God meets him that rejoices and works righteousness), and admits them nearer to him than they could have expected. Thus, in the New Testament church, we find the four living creatures, and the four and twenty elders, honoured with places round the throne, being redeemed unto God by the blood of the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne, Revelation 4:4, Revelation 4:6; Revelation 5:8, Revelation 5:9. Observe, 1. They saw the God of Israel (Exodus 24:10), that is, they had some glimpse of his glory, in light and fire, though they saw no manner of similitude, and his being no man hath seen nor can see, 1 Timothy 6:16. They saw the place where the God of Israel stood (so the Septuagint), something that came near a similitude, but was not; whatever they saw, it was certainly something of which no image nor picture could be made, and yet enough to satisfy them that God was with them of a truth. Nothing is described but that which was under his feet; for our conceptions of God are all below him, and fall infinitely short of being adequate. They saw not so much as God's feet; but at the bottom of the brightness, and as the footstool or pedestal of it, they saw a most rich and splendid pavement, such as they never saw before nor after, as it had been of sapphires, azure or sky-coloured. The heavens themselves are the pavement of God's palace, and his throne is above the firmament. See how much better wisdom is than the precious onyx or the sapphires, for wisdom was from eternity God's delight (Proverbs 8:30), and lay in his bosom, but the sapphires are the pavement under his feet; there let us put all the wealth of this world, and not in our hearts. 2. Upon the nobles (or elders) of Israel, he laid not his hand, Exodus 24:11. Though they were men, the dazzling splendour of his glory did not overwhelm them; but it was so moderated (Job 26:9), and they were so strengthened (Daniel 10:19), that they were able to bear it. Nay, though they were sinful men, and obnoxious to God's justice, yet he did not lay his punishing avenging hand upon them, as they feared he would. When we consider what a consuming fire God is, and what stubble we are before him, we shall have reason to say, in all our approaches to him, It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed. 3. They saw God, and did eat and drink. They had not only their lives preserved, but their vigour, courage, and comfort; it cast no damp upon their joy, but rather increased and elevated it. They feasted upon the sacrifice, before God, in token of their cheerful consent to the covenant now made, their grateful acceptance of the benefits of it, and their communion with God, in pursuance of that covenant. Thus believers eat and drink with Christ at his table, Luke 22:30. Blessed are those that shall eat bread in the kingdom of our Father, and drink of the wine new there.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 24:1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.
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