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Exodus 25:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou shalt make two cherubims [of] gold, [of] beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou shalt make two cherubim [of] gold, [of] beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy-seat.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; [of] beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And thou shalt make two cherubim, of gold,—of beaten work, shalt thou make them, out of the two ends of the propitiatory.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and thou hast made two cherubs of gold, beaten work dost thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt make also two cherubims of beaten gold, on the two sides of the oracle.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou shalt make two Cherubims of gold: of beaten worke shalt thou make them, in the two endes of the Mercie-seat.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt make two cherubs graven in gold, and thou shalt put them on both sides of the propitiatory.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And thou shalt make two cherubims [of] gold, [of] beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And thou shalt make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
cherubims 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
[of] gold, 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
[of] beaten work 4749
{4749} Prime
מִקְשָׁה
miqshah
{mik-shaw'}
Feminine of H4748; rounded work, that is, moulded by hammering (repousse).
shalt thou make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them, in the two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
ends 7098
{7098} Prime
קָצָה
qatsah
{kaw-tsaw'}
Feminine of H7097; a termination (used like H7097).
of the mercy seat. 3727
{3727} Prime
כַּפֹּרֶת
kapporeth
{kap-po'-reth}
From H3722; a lid (used only of the cover of the sacred Ark).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 25:18

_ _ two cherubim — The real meaning of these figures, as well as the shape or form of them, is not known with certainty — probably similar to what was afterwards introduced into the temple, and described in Ezekiel 10:8-22. They stretched out their wings, and their faces were turned towards the mercy seat [Exodus 25:20], probably in a bowing attitude. The prevailing opinion now is, that those splendid figures were symbolical not of angelic but of earthly and human beings — the members of the Church of God interested in the dispensation of grace, the redeemed in every age — and that these hieroglyphic forms symbolized the qualities of the true people of God — courage, patience, intelligence, and activity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 25:10-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 25:18

The cherubim (Cherubim is the plural of Cherub, not Cherubims) were fixed to the mercy — seat, and of a piece with it, and spread their wings over it. It is supposed these were designed to represent the holy angels, (who always attend the Shechinah, or divine majesty,) not by any effigies of an angel, but some emblem of the angelical nature, probably one or more of those four faces spoken of Ezekiel 1:10. Whatever the faces were, they looked one towards another, and both downwards towards the ark, while their wings were stretched out so as to touch one another. It notes their attendance upon the Redeemer, their readiness to do his will, their presence in the assemblies of saints, Psalms 68:17; 1 Corinthians 11:10, and their desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel, which they diligently contemplate, 1 Peter 1:12. God is said to dwell or sit between the cherubim, on the mercy — seat, Psalms 80:1, and from thence he here promiseth for the future to meet with Moses, and to commune with him. Thus he manifests himself, willing to keep up communion with us, by the mediation of Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
two cherubims of gold:

Exodus 37:7-9 And he made two cherubims [of] gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat; ... And the cherubims spread out [their] wings on high, [and] covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; [even] to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims.
Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
1 Samuel 4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth [between] the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, [were] there with the ark of the covenant of God.
1 Kings 6:23-28 And within the oracle he made two cherubims [of] olive tree, [each] ten cubits high. ... And he overlaid the cherubims with gold.
1 Kings 8:6-7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, into the oracle of the house, to the most holy [place, even] under the wings of the cherubims. ... For the cherubims spread forth [their] two wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above.
1 Chronicles 28:18 And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out [their wings], and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
Ezekiel 10:2 And he spake unto the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between the wheels, [even] under the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of fire from between the cherubims, and scatter [them] over the city. And he went in in my sight.
Ezekiel 10:20 This [is] the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar; and I knew that they [were] the cherubims.
Ezekiel 41:18-19 And [it was] made with cherubims and palm trees, so that a palm tree [was] between a cherub and a cherub; and [every] cherub had two faces; ... So that the face of a man [was] toward the palm tree on the one side, and the face of a young lion toward the palm tree on the other side: [it was] made through all the house round about.
Hebrews 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:24. Ex 37:7. 1S 4:4. 1K 6:23; 8:6. 1Ch 28:18. Ezk 10:2, 20; 41:18. He 9:5.

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