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Exodus 5:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters over the people and their foremen, saying,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Pharaoh commanded the same day the task-masters of the people, and their officers, saying,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then Pharaoh gave command, on that day, unto the taskmasters over the people, and unto their overseers—saying:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Pharaoh commandeth, on that day, the exactors among the people and its authorities, saying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore he commanded the same day the overseers of the works, and the taskmasters of the people, saying:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taske-masters of the people, and their officers, saying;
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Pharaoh{gr.Pharao} gave orders to the task-masters of the people and the accountants, saying,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Paroh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Par` פַּרעֹה 6547
{6547} Prime
פַּרְעֹה
Par`oh
{par-o'}
Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a generic title of Egyptian kings.
commanded 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the same x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the taskmasters 5065
{5065} Prime
נגשׂ
nagas
{naw-gas'}
A primitive root; to drive (an animal, a workman, a debtor, an army); by implication to tax, harass, tyrannize.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of the people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
and their officers, 7860
{7860} Prime
שֹׁטֵר
shoter
{sho-tare'}
Active participle of an otherwise unused root probably meaning to write; properly a scribe, that is, (by analogy or implication) an official superintendent or magistrate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 5:6

_ _ Pharaoh commanded — It was a natural consequence of the high displeasure created by this interview that he should put additional burdens on the oppressed Israelites.

_ _ taskmasters — Egyptian overseers, appointed to exact labor of the Israelites.

_ _ officers — Hebrews placed over their brethren, under the taskmasters, precisely analogous to the Arab officers set over the Arab Fellahs, the poor laborers in modern Egypt.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 5:3-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 5:6

The task — masters, were Egyptians, the officers were Israelites employed under them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 5:6

And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their (d) officers, saying,

(d) Who were of the Israelites, and had charge to see them do their work.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
taskmasters:
Nogesim, literally, exactors, oppressors. These taskmasters were Egyptians (
Exodus 1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
), but the officers were Hebrews.
Exodus 5:14 And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, [and] demanded, Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and to day, as heretofore?
Exodus 5:10 And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw.
Exodus 5:13 And the taskmasters hasted [them], saying, Fulfil your works, [your] daily tasks, as when there was straw.
Exodus 5:15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants?
Exodus 5:19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see [that] they [were] in evil [case], after it was said, Ye shall not minish [ought] from your bricks of your daily task.
Exodus 1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Proverbs 12:10 A righteous [man] regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruel.

officers:
Shoterim, from the Arabic saytara, to overlook, superintend, seems to denote, as musaytar in Arabic also does, overseers, superintendents. They may have been somewhat like the chiefs of trades, who are found in every city in the East; where every trade has a head, who is entrusted with authority over them, and is in some measure answerable for them to Government. Compare
Exodus 2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.
Numbers 11:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee.
Deuteronomy 1:15 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes.
Deuteronomy 16:18 Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.
Joshua 8:33 And all Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, as well the stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel.
Joshua 24:1 And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God.
Joshua 24:4 And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt.
2 Chronicles 26:11 Moreover Uzziah had an host of fighting men, that went out to war by bands, according to the number of their account by the hand of Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the ruler, under the hand of Hananiah, [one] of the king's captains.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 1:11; 2:14; 5:10, 13, 14, 15, 19. Nu 11:16. Dt 1:15; 16:18. Jsh 8:33; 24:1, 4. 2Ch 26:11. Pv 12:10.

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