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Exodus 7:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will render Pharaoh's heart obdurate, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, will suffer Pharaoh to harden his heart,—so will I multiply my signs and my wonders, in the land of Egypt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And I harden the heart of Pharaoh, and have multiplied My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I shall harden his heart, and shall multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I will harden Pharaohs heart, and multiplie my signes and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will harden the heart of Pharaoh{gr.Pharao}, and I will multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Mizraim{gr.Egypt}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will harden Paroh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Mitzrayim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
will harden 7185
{7185} Prime
קָשָׁה
qashah
{kaw-shaw'}
A primitive root; properly to be dense, that is, tough or severe (in various applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Par`'s פַּרעֹה 6547
{6547} Prime
פַּרְעֹה
Par`oh
{par-o'}
Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh, a generic title of Egyptian kings.
heart, 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
and multiply 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
my signs 226
{0226} Prime
אוֹת
'owth
{oth}
Probably from H0225 (in the sense of appearing); a signal (literally or figuratively), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.
and my wonders 4159
{4159} Prime
מוֹפֶת
mowpheth
{mo-faith'}
From H3302 in the sense of conspicuousness; a miracle; by implication a token or omen.
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם. 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 7:3

_ _ I will harden Pharaoh’s heart — This would be the result. But the divine message would be the occasion, not the cause of the king’s impenitent obduracy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 7:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And I:

Exodus 4:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, When thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go.
Exodus 4:29 And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel:

multiply:

Exodus 4:7 And he said, Put thine hand into thy bosom again. And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his [other] flesh.
Exodus 9:16 And in very deed for this [cause] have I raised thee up, for to shew [in] thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
Exodus 11:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 4:34 Or hath God assayed to go [and] take him a nation from the midst of [another] nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the LORD your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes?
Deuteronomy 7:19 The great temptations which thine eyes saw, and the signs, and the wonders, and the mighty hand, and the stretched out arm, whereby the LORD thy God brought thee out: so shall the LORD thy God do unto all the people of whom thou art afraid.
Nehemiah 9:10 And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as [it is] this day.
Psalms 78:43-51 How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan: ... And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of [their] strength in the tabernacles of Ham:
Psalms 105:27-36 They shewed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham. ... He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength.
Psalms 135:9 [Who] sent tokens and wonders into the midst of thee, O Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his servants.
Isaiah 51:9 Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. [Art] thou not it that hath cut Rahab, [and] wounded the dragon?
Jeremiah 32:20-21 Which hast set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, [even] unto this day, and in Israel, and among [other] men; and hast made thee a name, as at this day; ... And hast brought forth thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with great terror;
Micah 7:15 According to the days of thy coming out of the land of Egypt will I shew unto him marvellous [things].
John 4:48 Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe.
Acts 2:22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
Acts 7:36 He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty years.
Romans 15:19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 4:7, 21, 29; 9:16; 11:9. Dt 4:34; 7:19. Ne 9:10. Ps 78:43; 105:27; 135:9. Is 51:9. Jr 32:20. Mi 7:15. Jn 4:48. Ac 2:22; 7:36. Ro 15:19.

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