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Exodus 8:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: and there were lice upon man, and upon beast.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on man and beast.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the magicians did so with their inchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man and upon beast.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the scribes did so with their sorceries, to bring forth gnats; but they could not. And the gnats were on man and on beast.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the sacred scribes did in like manner, with their secret arts, to bring forth the gnats, but they could not. So there came to be gnats, among men and among beasts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the scribes do so with their flashings, to bring out the gnats, and they have not been able, and the gnats are on man and on beast;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the magicians with their enchantments practised in like manner, to bring forth sciniphs, and they could not: and there were sciniphs as well on men as on beasts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Magicians did so with their enchantments to bring foorth lice, but they could not: so there were lice vpon man and vpon beast.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the charmers also did so with their sorceries, to bring forth the louse, and they could not. And the lice were both on the men and on the quadrupeds.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the magicians 2748
{2748} Prime
חַרְטֹם
chartom
{khar-tome'}
From the same as H2747; a horoscopist (as drawing magical lines or circles).
did 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
so x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
with their enchantments 3909
{3909} Prime
לָט
lat
{lawt}
A form of H3814 or else partly from H3874; properly covered, that is, secret; by implication incantation; also secrecy or (adverbially) covertly.
to bring forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
lice, 3654
{3654} Prime
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3661 in the sense of fastening; a gnat (from infixing its sting; used only in plural (and irregularly in Exodus 8:17, 18; Hebrews 13:14).
but they could 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not: x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
so there were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
lice 3654
{3654} Prime
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3661 in the sense of fastening; a gnat (from infixing its sting; used only in plural (and irregularly in Exodus 8:17, 18; Hebrews 13:14).
upon man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
and upon beast. 929
{0929} Prime
בְּהֵמָה
b@hemah
{be-hay-maw'}
From an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly a dumb beast; especially any large quadruped or animal (often collectively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 8:16-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 8:18

And the magicians did so — That is, endeavoured to do so.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 8:18

And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they (e) could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

(e) God confounded their wisdom and authority in a thing most vile.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the magicians:

Exodus 7:11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

they could:

Exodus 9:11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
Genesis 41:8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but [there was] none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.
Isaiah 19:12 Where [are] they? where [are] thy wise [men]? and let them tell thee now, and let them know what the LORD of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.
Isaiah 47:12-13 Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast laboured from thy youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest prevail. ... Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from [these things] that shall come upon thee.
Daniel 2:10-11 The Chaldeans answered before the king, and said, There is not a man upon the earth that can shew the king's matter: therefore [there is] no king, lord, nor ruler, [that] asked such things at any magician, or astrologer, or Chaldean. ... And [it is] a rare thing that the king requireth, and there is none other that can shew it before the king, except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh.
Daniel 4:7 Then came in the magicians, the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers: and I told the dream before them; but they did not make known unto me the interpretation thereof.
Daniel 5:8 Then came in all the king's wise [men]: but they could not read the writing, nor make known to the king the interpretation thereof.
Luke 10:18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.
2 Timothy 3:8-9 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith. ... But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all [men], as theirs also was.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:8. Ex 7:11; 9:11. Is 19:12; 47:12. Dn 2:10; 4:7; 5:8. Lk 10:18. 2Ti 3:8.

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