Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Galatians 4:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but now that ye have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how turn ye back again to the weak and beggarly rudiments, whereunto ye desire to be in bondage over again?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But now, after ye have known God, or rather are known by God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which ye desire again to be in bondage?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but now, knowing God, but rather being known by God, how do ye turn again to the weak and beggarly principles to which ye desire to be again anew in bondage?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whereas, now, having acknowledged God,—or rather, having been acknowledged by God, how turn ye back again unto the weak and beggarly elementary principles, unto which, over again, ye are wishing, to come into servitude?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and now, having known God—and rather being known by God—how turn ye again unto the weak and poor elements to which anew ye desire to be in servitude?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But now, after that you have known God, or rather are known by God: how turn you again to the weak and needy elements which you desire to serve again?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But now after that yee haue knowen God, or rather are knowen of God, how turne ye againe to the weak and beggerly Elements, whereunto ye desire againe to be in bondage?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but now that you have known Aloha, and especially that you have been acknowledged of Aloha, turn you again to those diseased and beggarly principles, and will to be subject to them afresh?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But now, since ye have known God, or rather, have been known by God, ye turn yourselves again to the weak and beggarly elements, and wish again to be under them!

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
now, 3568
{3568} Prime
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
after that ye have known 1097
{1097} Prime
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
or 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
rather 3123
{3123} Prime
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
are known 1097
{1097} Prime
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
of 5259
{5259} Prime
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
how 4459
{4459} Prime
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
turn x1994
(1994) Complement
From G1909 and G4762; to revert (literally, figuratively or morally).
ye y1994
[1994] Standard
From G1909 and G4762; to revert (literally, figuratively or morally).
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
again 3825
{3825} Prime
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
to 1909
{1909} Prime
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
weak 772
{0772} Prime
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G4599; strengthless (in various applications, literally, or figuratively and morally).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
beggarly 4434
{4434} Prime
From πτώσσω [[ptosso]] (to crouch; akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), that is, pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed).
elements, 4747
{4747} Prime
Neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of G4748; something orderly in arrangement, that is, (by implication) a serial (basal, fundamental, initial) constituent (literally), proposition (figuratively).
whereunto 3739
{3739} Prime
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
ye x3825
(3825) Complement
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
desire 2309
{2309} Prime
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
again 509
{0509} Prime
From G0507; from above; by analogy from the first; by implication anew.
[3825] Standard
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
to be in bondage? 1398
{1398} Prime
From G1401; to be a slave to (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily).
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:8-11.

Galatians 4:9

_ _ known God or rather are known of GodThey did not first know and love God, but God first, in His electing love, knew and loved them as His, and therefore attracted them to the saving knowledge of Him (Matthew 7:23; 1 Corinthians 8:3; 2 Timothy 2:19; compare Exodus 33:12, Exodus 33:17; John 15:16; Philippians 3:12). God’s great grace in this made their fall from it the more heinous.

_ _ how — expressing indignant wonder at such a thing being possible, and even actually occurring (Galatians 1:6). “How is it that ye turn back again?”

_ _ weak — powerless to justify: in contrast to the justifying power of faith (Galatians 3:24; compare Hebrews 7:18).

_ _ beggarly — contrasted with the riches of the inheritance of believers in Christ (Ephesians 1:18). The state of the “child” (Galatians 4:1) is weak, as not having attained manhood; “beggarly,” as not having attained the inheritance.

_ _ elements — “rudiments.” It is as if a schoolmaster should go back to learning the A, B, C’S [Bengel].

_ _ again — There are two Greek words in the original. “Ye desire again, beginning afresh, to be in bondage.” Though the Galatians, as Gentiles, had never been under the Mosaic yoke, yet they had been under “the elements of the world” (Galatians 4:3): the common designation for the Jewish and Gentile systems alike, in contrast to the Gospel (however superior the Jewish was to the Gentile). Both systems consisted in outward worship and cleaved to sensible forms. Both were in bondage to the elements of sense, as though these could give the justification and sanctification which the inner and spiritual power of God alone could bestow.

_ _ ye desire — or “will.” Will-worship is not acceptable to God (Colossians 2:18, Colossians 2:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:8-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:9

But now being known of God — As his beloved children. How turn ye back to the weak and poor elements — Weak, utterly unable to purge your conscience from guilt, or to give that filial confidence in God. Poor — incapable of enriching the soul with such holiness and happiness as ye are heirs to. Ye desire to be again in bondage — Though of another kind; now to these elements, as before to those idols.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:9

But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and (k) beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire (l) again to be in bondage?

(k) They are called impotent and beggarly ceremonies, being considered apart by themselves without Christ: and again, by that means they gave good testimony that they were beggars in Christ, for when men fall back from Christ to ceremonies, it is nothing else but to cast away riches and to follow beggary.

(l) By going backward.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye have:

1 Kings 8:43 Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for: that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as [do] thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by thy name.
1 Chronicles 28:9 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.
Psalms 9:10 And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
Proverbs 2:5 Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God.
Jeremiah 31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Habakkuk 2:14 For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and [he] to whomsoever the Son will reveal [him].
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:
2 Peter 2:20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
1 John 2:3-4 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. ... He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

are known:

Exodus 33:17 And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name.
Psalms 1:6 For the LORD knoweth the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly shall perish.
John 10:14 I am the good shepherd, and know my [sheep], and am known of mine.
John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
1 Corinthians 8:3 But if any man love God, the same is known of him.
1 Corinthians 13:12 For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.
2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.


Galatians 3:3 Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Colossians 2:20-23 Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, ... Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.
Hebrews 7:18 For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.

or, back,
Hebrews 10:38-39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. ... But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.

or, rudiments,
Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:
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Ex 33:17. 1K 8:43. 1Ch 28:9. Ps 1:6; 9:10. Pv 2:5. Jr 31:34. Hab 2:14. Mt 11:27. Jn 10:14, 27; 17:3. Ro 8:3, 29. 1Co 8:3; 13:12; 15:34. 2Co 4:6. Ga 3:3; 4:3. Ep 1:17. Col 2:20. 2Ti 2:19. He 7:18; 10:38. 2P 2:20. 1Jn 2:3; 5:20.

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It defies logic for one to rationally believe that the Torah is not for believers in Yahweh the Father through Yahshua Messiah. Since Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 36:22-28 and Hebrews 8:6-13 declare that the renewal of the older covenant law is the new covenant; less the animal blood offerings and temple rituals [Galatians 3:24-25; Hebrews 9; James 1:25] [Ya’akov/James 4: 5 Do you think that the scripture speaks in vain?] 2 Peter 3: 15 And account that the long suffering of our Master is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction. He warns that individuals are twisting Paul’s letters making them say things he is not intending. The Messiah, Paul and the Apostles declare the Torah valid, perfect and good [Matthew 5:17-20; Luke 16:16-17; Romans 7:12. Our righteousness has to exceed the righteousness of the Pharisees. But not self-righteousness!!! Even the Pharisees kept Torah: Shabbaths [Honoring our Creator and resting, so as to focus on His word], Festivals [Each feast day relates Yahweh’s plans for His people till the kingdom age ahead through to eternity. I ask, do you get that comprehension with Christian holidays?], Dietary code [Promoting a healthy lifestyle without consuming the unclean creatures intended for food chain cleansing of the earth], etc.... The Torah is Yahweh’s righteousness:
Deuteronomy 6: 24‘And יהוה commanded us to do all these laws, to fear יהוה our Elohim, for our good always [ALWAYS THIS HAS BEEN YAHWEH”S INTENTIONS.], to keep us alive, as it is today.
25‘And it is righteousness for us when we guard/keep to do all this command before יהוה our Elohim, as He has commanded us.
Because of how the translations came down to this era, it appears like the Torah is being abrogated. Most especially in Paul’s writings. Nothing could be further from the truth. The scriptures don’t contradict themselves! Men and their doctrines do though. The Early Catholic and Protestant Church fathers have spawned a serious propaganda campaign, stating in their rendering of Paul’s epistles and misinterpreting words to give the readers down through the last two millennia the dogma that new covenant believers are not subject to the biblical law any-more and that it was BAD!!! What is the evidence that Torah is bad? Read Psalm 19 and 119. And keep in mind this is not the Spirit of Messiah. But rather the opponent of biblical Messiah. Satan is a lawless and cunning entity. His shrewdness runs amok in the false doctrines of men.
The LAW of Yahweh is perfect:
Psalm 19: 7 The Torah of יהוה is perfect, bringing back the being; The witness of יהוה is trustworthy, making wise the simple;
Psalm 119:1 Blessed [NOT ACCURSED!] are the perfect in the way, Who walk in the Torah of יהוה!
Psalm 12: 6 The Words of יהוה are clean Words, Silver tried in a furnace of earth, refined seven times.
Yahshua Messiah never violated His Father’s Law which was given for Israel’s good.
Nehemiah 9:
13“And You came down on Mount Sinai, and spoke with them from the heavens, and gave them straight right-rulings and Torah of truth, GOOD LAWS AND [GOOD] COMMANDS.
14“And You made known to them Your set-apart Sabbath, and You commanded them commands and statutes and laws, by the hand of Moses Your servant.
15“And You gave them bread from the heavens for their hunger, and brought them water out of the rock for their thirst, and said to them to go in to possess the land which You had sworn to give them.
16“But they and our fathers acted proudly, and hardened their necks, and did not obey Your commands.
17“And they refused to obey ... [ARE THEY NOT STILL DOING SO TODAY???]

Revelation 12: 9 And the great dragon was thrown out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, WHO LEADS ALL THE WORLD ASTRAY. He was thrown to the earth, and his messengers were thrown out with him.
If it seems evil to follow HIGH CALLING of the Torah and Messiah- then DON’T! HE DOES NOT NEED US; BUT JUST THE REVERSE.

- Mike Gardner (7/19/2019 2:58:22 AM)
The Scriptures (ISR 1998)

1 Sha’ul/Paul, an emissary – not from men, nor by a man, but by יהושע Messiah and Yahweh the Father who raised Him from the dead –

2 and all the brothers who are with me, to the assemblies of Galatia:

3 Favor to you and peace from Elohim the Father and our Master יהושע Messiah,

4 who gave Himself for our sins, to deliver us out of this present wicked age, according to the desire of our Elohim and Father,

5 to whom be the praise forever and ever. Amĕn.

6 I marvel that you are so readily turning away from Him who called you in the favor of Messiah, to a different ‘Good News,[AS THE PREAMBLE ABOVE STATES]


8 However, even if we, or a messenger out of heaven, bring a ‘Good News’ to you beside what we announced to you, let him be accursed.

9 As we have said before, and now I say again, if anyone brings a ‘Good News’ to you beside what you have received, let him be accursed.[AS CHRISTIAN DOCTRINES ARE-THEY ARE DECEITFUL]

10 For do I now persuade men, or Elohim? Or do I seek to please men? For if I still pleased men, I should not be a servant of Messiah.

11 And I make known to you, brothers, that the Good News announced by me is not according to man.

12 For I did not receive it from man, nor was I taught it, but through a revelation of יהושע Messiah [FROM THE TaNaK].

13 For you have heard of my former way of life in Yahuḏaism [Pharisee Movement] how intensely I persecuted the assembly of Elohim, and ravaged it.

14 And I progressed in Yahuḏaism [Pharisee Movement] beyond many of my age in my race, being more exceedingly ardent for the traditions of my fathers.

15 But when it pleased Elohim, who separated me from my mother’s womb and called me by His favor,

16 to reveal His Son in me, that I might bring Him, the Good News, to the gentiles [ NOT CHRISTIANS, BUT TORAH SEEKING PEOPLE OF THE ADJACENT LANDS, LIKELY PROSELYTES OF THEIR SYNAGOGUES. NO CHURCH BUILDINGS EXISTED AT THIS TIME!], I did not immediately consult with flesh and blood,

17 neither did I go up to Yahrushalayim, to those who were emissaries before me. But I went to Arabia [Mt. Sinai- Because of the giving of the Torah from there], and returned again to Damascus.

18 Then after three years I went up to Yahrushalayim to learn from Kĕpha [Peter], and remained with him for fifteen days.

19 And I saw no other of the emissaries except Ya‛aqoḇ [Who wrote the book of James], the brother of the Master [Yahshua haMashiyach].

20 And what I write to you, see, before Elohim, I do not lie.

21 Then I went into the districts of Syria and of Kilikia.

22 And I was still not known by sight to the assemblies of Yahudah which were in Messiah,

23 but they were hearing only that, “The one who once persecuted us now brings as Good News the belief which he once ravaged.”

24 So they were esteeming Elohim in me.


- Mike Gardner (7/17/2019 8:36:19 PM)

1 And the word of יהוה came to me, saying,

2“Son of man, there were two women, daughters of one mother [APOSTATE ISRAEL- 10+2].

3“And they whored in Mitsrayim, they whored in their youth. There their breasts were handled, and there their maiden nipples were squeezed.

4“And their names were: Oholah [MEANING=A TENT OF WORSHIP TO HERSELF-CHRISTIANITY, THE DESCENDANTS OF THE 10 TRIBES] the elder and Oholiḇah [MEANING=MY TENT OF WORSHIP IS IN HER- JUDAISM-THE DESCENDANTS OF THE 2 TRIBES] her sister. And they were Mine, and they bore sons and daughters. And their names: Shomeron is Oholah, and Yahrushalayim is Oholiḇah.


At the time this was written by Sha’ul/Paul, the Galatian assembly was falling under the influence of the Circumcision Group of teachers proclaiming proselytes had to be physically circumcised as the covenant states. However, over all what Sha’ul is laying out, is that the Rabbis had formulated a doctrine under Genesis 17; Exodus 12 scriptures pertaining to proselyte circumcision and that has restrictions for Passover participation; lest the procedure has taken place. However, the doctrine in question relates to the proselyte that they are actually performing an offering of their blood as a ceremony to Yahweh! A form of their self-righteousness! Herein is what Sha’ul is addressing in “works of the law/Torah”. While yes the Torah backs the proselyte to be circumcised, it does not do so to merit any form of self-aggrandizement. Doing so with the unscriptural blood rites, scuttles and conflates the Messiah’s torture stake for a personal offering of one’s own blood. Pure heresy! Using the Passover story acclaiming that the Israelite males mixed their blood in a circumcision and mingled it with the Passover lamb gives more clout and pseudo credence to this fiction. Along with this other myths that are believed by Jewish commentary with respect to circumcision in general, furthering their nonsense to once again give some sort of credibility to it. Much like the Christmas and Santa Claus fabrications and storytelling. Sha’ul is admonishing, reasoning and persuading from Scripture in an attempt to debunk their ceremonial/ritualistic circumcision teaching which is foreign to Almighty Yahweh’s word! Sha’ul is never admonishing infant circumcision in his discourse, only proselyte as a blood rite ceremony. However the Jewish teachings superimpose the same foolishness to the proselyte as to the infant.

- Mike Gardner (7/17/2019 1:53:57 AM)
I am going to start in Chapter one and comment. Two and comment. This will take some time. I will prove what Paul is teaching to the Galatians. He that has an eye to see the dog and pony show of Christianity and how they blaspheme the Biblical law and assert Paul is doing the same can not comprehend that sin is transgression of the law. It is not rational to insist that Paul is talking out of both sides of his mouth and that Yahshua who chose Paul would be supportive of such a heresy! The road is narrow not broad. This is exactly why one needs to know the story of Israel down through the ages with the prophets of old and one must know what the rabbis and Jewish peoples believe to understand the books of Galatians, as well as Romans. Christianity has wrongly interpreted these books with a bend to condemn the law because they are being disobedient to Torah. SIN WILL FOREVER BE TRANSGRESSION OF THE LAW. NEVER WOULD PAUL, NOR ANY OF THE APOSTLES OR EVEN THE MESSIAH OTHERWISE TEACH SUCH ABSURDITY AND BLASPHEMY TO THE CONTRARY. When one reads Galatians always remember that the Messiah in Matthew 5:17-20 as well as Luke 16 upheld the law. Paul in Romans 7 stated that it was good. Peter stated in 2 Peter 3 that people in his era were misunderstanding Paul's letters to the contrary, and that to their own destruction. Many times Paul who is talking to a Torah, not rabbinic audience (That is why Christians can't rightly understand it and go in the path of lawless teachings), of believers who are going astray back to false notions of being circumcised at the time of their baptism which conflates the purpose of the Messiah shedding his blood for a sin covering, if anyone who is a sinner repented can do the same for himself as a blood rite!!!. For Jewish teachings state that when a man gives a drop of his blood in circumcision whether as an infant or proselyte that they are practicing a blood rite acceptable to Yahweh and they have a place in the world to come; tantamount to being saved. TOTALLY SPURIOUS THOUGH! Leviticus 12 which has the law of circumcision states that it is not a blood rite but a medical procedure Yahweh had instituted since Abraham's era and his descendants to obtain a healthy life and not contract diseases like HPV which would devastate the Messianic lineage. This is what Paul is contending with and what I will debunk as well. This is only the tip of the iceberg. You genius' that want to espouse Christian self imposed ideas upon these books, pay attention you may learn something. Knowledge is being increased in this era as Daniel 12 states. Sin will always be transgression of the Torah and the true Messiah states as well. And every other biblical character. Leviticus teaches the laws of fidelity in marriage that most of you have been harping on on many postings. You can't have it both ways. It is either law or lawlessness. I will start in Galatians 1 soon, then two and so forth. Thank you.
- Mike Gardner (7/16/2019 2:31:16 AM)
I will further comment on the rest of chapter 4 in the next few days. But in gist, the book is circulating around circumcision and specifically false doctrines of the rabbinics concerning it , that the Circumcision believers were trying to teach to the Galatian brethren as well as other brethren from other assemblies. Christianity does not know the correct understanding because they do not have Yahweh's law in their hearts-THE Spirit of Messiah! That is the slavery of our age. Judaism has false teachings as well.
- Mike Gardner (7/15/2019 9:11:15 PM)
1 Corinthians 15: 1 But brothers, I make known to you the Good News, which I brought as Good News to you, which you also did receive, and in which you stand,

2 through which also you are being saved, if you hold fast that word I brought as Good News to you. Otherwise, you have believed in vain.

3 For I delivered to you at the first that which I also received: that Messiah died for our sins according to the Scriptures,

4 and that He was buried, and that He was raised the third day, according to the Scriptures (Matthew 12:38-40),

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered, saying, “Teacher, we wish to see a sign from You.”

39 But He answering, said to them, “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Yonah.

40“For as Yonah was three days and three nights in the stomach of the great fish, so shall the Son of Aḏam be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Test of a true prophet is Deuteronomy 18:18‘I shall raise up for them a Prophet like you out of the midst of their brothers. And I shall put My Words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him.

19‘And it shall be, the man who does not listen to My Words which He speaks in My Name, I require it of him.

20‘But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in My Name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other mighty ones, even that prophet shall die.’

21“And when you say in your heart, ‘How do we know the word which יהוה has not spoken?’ –

22 when the prophet speaks in the Name of יהוה and the word is not, or comes not, that is the word which יהוה has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously. Do not be afraid (RESPECT) of him. Yahshua was standing on his feet, resurrected at the end of the weekly 7th day sabbath. Having been entombed late Wend. afternoon for a 72 hour period as he prophesied- A TRUE PROPHET. Did J.C.? Fri. late afternoon to Sun morning is not 72 hrs. NO!!! Therefore he is a false prophet according to the scriptures and the obedient should not respect him! So in my last posting responding to the comment from Ms. Blum made about swallowing the Judaizer's states that in chapter 4 and chapter 1-2 are NOT the same individuals. And by the way, the covenant brethren are not divided by ethnicity, all are one in Messiah; NO DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN BELIEVERS. In chapters 1-2 and early in the Circumcision believers were still holding onto false doctrine concerning proselyte as having to be physically circumcised as well as immersion. In chapter 4 according to the context is in no way calling Torah weak and beggarly, read it for what it says, not doctrinal bunk from Christology. These are pagan ministers from the Galatian brethren's past attempting to swoon them back into pagan practices. Similarly as Christians keep their pagan festivals.

Let us see what Yahshua will do in the Kingdom:

Isaiah 2:
1 The word that Yeshayah the son of Amots saw concerning Yehuḏah and Yerushalayim:

2And it shall be in the latter days that the mountain of the House of יהוה is established on the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills. And all nations shall flow to it.

3 And many peoples shall come and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of יהוה, to the House of the Elohim of Ya‛aqoḇ, and let Him teach us His ways, and let us walk in His paths, for out of Tsiyon comes forth the Torah, and the Word of יהוה from Yerushalayim.”

The Messiah I serve will teach us his ways and they are TORAH! What is that you are saying about the Law being bondage and done away with??? Sin is transgression of the Torah. If one removes the Torah all you have is sin. Now you know why we have such troubles in the USA, because Christianity is leading people to sin! Galatians is a complex book, one as Paul knew the practices of rabbinical Judaism and its pitfalls. Very few do. Galatians 3:24-25 is not at all referring to the law as a whole but to the sacrificial system generally and was fulfilled by Yahshua. This was the school master. How preposterous! That is what believers of the new covenant are not under anymore. You are definitely playing games with your salvation! Satan game is lawlessness and to say the law is done away with or not binding you are doing and teaching his bidding-SIN!
- Mike Gardner (7/15/2019 8:45:10 PM)
For context let's read from Galatians 4:8.
Galatians 4:8
Howbeit at that time, not knowing
Yahweh, you were enslaved to
them (plural) that
by nature (BUT NOT SCRIPTURE) are no
elohim; (Israel if they can read Hebrew, they have
always known that Yahweh is Elohim. This verse,
with respect to “them” is not referring to Yahweh,
nor his law) but now that ye have come to know Yahweh, or rather to be known by Yahweh, how turn ye
back again to the weak and beggarly
rudiments (Of nature or even human
nature!!!), where unto you desire to be
enslaved all over again? DOES IT SOUND LIKE PAUL IS REFERRING TO THE BIBLICAL LAW HERE? READ FOR CONTEXT. WE HAVE BEEN GUILTY TOWARDS YAHWEH BY LISTENING TO THE MINISTERS OF MODERN DAY BAAL/LORD WORSHIP AS SOME OF THE GALATIAN BRETHREN WERE GUILTY IN THEIR DAY OF LISTENING TO PAGAN/LORD MINISTERS! If we really want to get into context let's look at Galatians 2,3 and onward! You naysayers don't even read the passages for support, so why bother. You have Christology of the brain and have no credible fear of your Father in heaven!
2 Peter 3:15 and reckon the patience of our Master as deliverance, as also our beloved brother Sha’ul/Paul wrote to you, according to the wisdom given to him,

16 as also in all his letters, speaking in them concerning these matters, in which some are hard to understand, which those who are untaught and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do also the other Scriptures.

You observe {Context of verse 8-“you were in
bondage to them that by nature”} pagan
nature, non-scriptural days,
Galatian/Gaelic/Celtic Historical Link Below, Pertaining to

Sun worship or paleo-Sunday worship if you please!

Christians/Gentiles anti law believers always go running to Paul's letters because they are easy to twist and commit heresy against the Scriptures with. This is what Peter is referring to. Yahweh is the same being as He always has been Malachi 3:6).When one sins they should be broken up and dejected, not high minded and resolute, demanding mercy. We who are Torah keepers are watchmen for Yahweh. We strive to be His servants. As the Scripture states the new covenant is the older covenant renewed, less the animal offering and temple rituals. Jeremiah 31 and Ezekiel 36 depict the new covenant they are the only scriptures outwardly announcing a new covenant. Christians that are not in a state of teshuva can't comprehend anything else except what they have been spoon fed and most of that is deceit! Look at those scriptures and see if they are a law that has been practiced and experienced before; therefore IT CAN NOT BE BRAND NEW as NOT HAVING BEEN EXPERIENCED OR PRACTICED BEFORE!
Jeremiah 31:33“For this is the covenant I shall make with the house of Yisra’ĕl (Not Gentiles, but converted gentiles into Israelites -Galatians 6:16) after those days, declares יהוה: I shall put My Torah (PRACTICED and EXPERIENCED BEFORE) in their inward parts (Whereas the older covenant agreement was not placed in the hearts of the commoners; only the leaders), and write it on their hearts. And I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people.

Ezekiel 36:24“And I shall take you from among the gentiles, and I shall gather you out of all lands, and I shall bring you into your own land.

25“And I shall sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean – from all your filthiness and from all your idols I cleanse you.

26“And I shall give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you. And I shall take the heart of stone out of your flesh, and I shall give you a heart of flesh,

27 and put My Spirit within you (New Covenant!). And I shall cause you to walk in My laws and guard My right-rulings and shall do them. (PRACTICED and EXPERIENCED BEFORE)

28“And you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers. And you shall be My people, and I shall be your Elohim.

Nothing brand new going on in the parallel passage in Hebrews 8!

A Torah/Law keeping heart obeys Torah (Acts 5:32) and has Yahweh's Spirit through Yahshua's blood covering, preceded by repentance then immersion and oath. One who is baptized into Jesus and is against Torah, is anti- Messiah and has that spirit. They will not take correction from Scriptures to heart. Tough words to say, I know, but I am not going to sugar coat deception. Thank you. May Yahweh give one a heart to turn to the true Messiah, Yahshua, who is a law keeper and teacher.

- Mike Gardner (7/15/2019 6:26:25 PM)
#17 Comment on Galatians 4:9
It is clear Paul was warning the foolish Galatians that they were under the bondage of Mosaic Law. Yes, agreed Paul was saying that the law was bondage. Was he? Permit me a little foolishness. Exodus 20: 2“I am יהוה/YAHWEH your Elohim/MIGHTY ONE, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim/EGYPT, out of the house of slavery/bondage. Then what did he do? HE BROUGHT THEM TO SINAI TO PUT THEM BACK INTO BONDAGE AGAIN BY GIVING THEM HIS LAW? AND WHAT DID YAHSHUA TEACH? Not one yothe or tittle of the Written Law would be done away with till all things be fulfilled. Heaven and earth are still here and all things are not fulfilled as yet. What did Paul state about the law in Romans 7: that it is good: 16 But if I do what I do not wish, I agree with the Torah/LAW that it is GOOD. Judaizer is a term promoted by Constantine the sun worshipper/murderer! Permit me to complete this tonight- I am out of time. Thank you.

- Mike Gardner (7/15/2019 5:30:57 AM)
It is clear Paul was warning the foolish Galatians that they were under the bondage of Mosaic Law. These Gentile Galatians had swallowed the Judaizer's message so completely that they had instituted Jewish Festival Days and Ceremonies (Galatians 4:8-11) evidently trying to combine the Gospel (1 Corinthians 15:1-4) with Mosaic Law. But Paul tells them that the two systems do not combine. Did the Judaizers work any miracles among them? Abraham figures largely in Galatians chapter 3 & 4, because the Jewish message which they had accepted was based largely on the promise to Abraham. They were misinterpreting the promise, as it is clear Paul illustrates the difference between the Mosaic (legal) age and the gospel (grace) age inaugurated by the death and resurrection of Yeshua HaMashiach as mentioned in Galatians 4:1-7. Yahweh sent His son Yeshua HaMashiach to redeem us from the bondage of the law, the schoolmaster Paul wrote about in Galatians 3:24-25.
Paul makes clear, but before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us to Moshiach, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
Paul illustrates that Hagar can be used as an allegory for the Old covenant (law), and Sarah is an allegory for the New covenant (grace). Hagar represents Mount Sinai, and Sarah represents Mount Calvary. Hagar represents bondage, as her children were slaves performing the rites of the Sinaitic law and Sarah represents freedom. Hagar represents Jerusalem in this present age of grace that is about to end and Sarah represents Heavenly Jerusalem (Hebrews 12:18-24). Hagar represents the bondwoman after the flesh and Sarah represents the freewoman for the divine promise. Hagar's children represents works (Ephesians 2:8,9) and Sarah represents grace through faith.
- Andrea S. Blum (7/14/2019 10:26:40 PM)
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