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Genesis 1:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God made the two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the stars also.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the stars also.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— God made the two great lights, the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; [He made] the stars also.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the stars also.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And God made the two great lights, the great light to rule the day, and the small light to rule the night,—and the stars.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And God made the two great luminaries,—the greater luminary to rule the day, and the lesser luminary to rule the night, also the stars.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And God maketh the two great luminaries, the great luminary for the rule of the day, and the small luminary—and the stars—for the rule of the night;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the starres also.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And God made the two great lights, the greater light for regulating the day and the lesser light for regulating the night, the stars also.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elohim made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the stars also.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
lights; 3974
{3974} Prime
מָאוֹר
ma'owr
{maw-ore'}
From H0215; properly a luminous body or luminary, that is, (abstractly) light (as an element); figuratively brightness, that is, cheerfulness; specifically a chandelier.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the greater 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
light 3974
{3974} Prime
מָאוֹר
ma'owr
{maw-ore'}
From H0215; properly a luminous body or luminary, that is, (abstractly) light (as an element); figuratively brightness, that is, cheerfulness; specifically a chandelier.
to rule 4475
{4475} Prime
מֶמְשָׁלָה
memshalah
{mem-shaw-law'}
Feminine of H4474; rule; also (concretely in plural) a realm or a ruler.
the day, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
and the lesser 6996
{6996} Prime
קָטָן
qatan
{kaw-tawn'}
From H6962; abbreviated, that is, diminutive, literally (in quantity, size or number) or figuratively (in age or importance).
light 3974
{3974} Prime
מָאוֹר
ma'owr
{maw-ore'}
From H0215; properly a luminous body or luminary, that is, (abstractly) light (as an element); figuratively brightness, that is, cheerfulness; specifically a chandelier.
to rule 4475
{4475} Prime
מֶמְשָׁלָה
memshalah
{mem-shaw-law'}
Feminine of H4474; rule; also (concretely in plural) a realm or a ruler.
the night: 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
[he made] the stars 3556
{3556} Prime
כּוֹכָב
kowkab
{ko-kawb'}
Probably from the same as H3522 (in the sense of rolling) or H3554 (in the sense of blazing); a star (as round or as shining); figuratively a prince.
also.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 1:16

_ _ two great lights — In consequence of the day being reckoned as commencing at sunset — the moon, which would be seen first in the horizon, would appear “a great light,” compared with the little twinkling stars; while its pale benign radiance would be eclipsed by the dazzling splendor of the sun; when his resplendent orb rose in the morning and gradually attained its meridian blaze of glory, it would appear “the greater light” that ruled the day. Both these lights may be said to be “made” on the fourth day — not created, indeed, for it is a different word that is here used, but constituted, appointed to the important and necessary office of serving as luminaries to the world, and regulating by their motions and their influence the progress and divisions of time.

_ _ The signs of animal life appeared in the waters and in the air.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 1:14-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

See commentary on Genesis 1:14-19.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 1:16

And God made two great (n) lights; the greater light to (o) rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the stars also.

(n) That is, the sun and the moon, and here he speaks as man judges by his eye: for else the moon is less than the planet Saturn.

(o) To give it sufficient light, as instruments appointed for the same, to serve man's purposes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to rule:
Heb. for the rule, etc.
Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Joshua 10:12-14 Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. ... And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel.
Job 31:26 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking [in] brightness;
Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
Psalms 8:3 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;
Psalms 19:6 His going forth [is] from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
Psalms 74:16 The day [is] thine, the night also [is] thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
Psalms 136:7-8 To him that made great lights: for his mercy [endureth] for ever: ... The sun to rule by day: for his mercy [endureth] for ever:
Psalms 136:9 The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Psalms 148:3 Praise ye him, sun and moon: praise him, all ye stars of light.
Psalms 148:5 Let them praise the name of the LORD: for he commanded, and they were created.
Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Isaiah 24:23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.
Isaiah 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these [things].
Habakkuk 3:11 The sun [and] moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of thine arrows they went, [and] at the shining of thy glittering spear.
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
1 Corinthians 15:41 [There is] one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for [one] star differeth from [another] star in glory.
Revelation 16:8-9 And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. ... And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.

he made the stars also:
Or, with the stars also
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:19. Jsh 10:12. Jb 31:26; 38:7. Ps 8:3; 19:6; 74:16; 136:7, 9; 148:3, 5. Is 13:10; 24:23; 45:7. Hab 3:11. Mt 24:29; 27:45. 1Co 15:41. Rv 16:8; 21:23.

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