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Genesis 1:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, [it was] very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And God saw every thing that he had made, and behold, [it was] very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And God saw everything that he had made, and behold it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And God saw every thing which he had made, and lo! it was, very good. So it was evening—and it was morning, the sixth day.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And God seeth all that He hath done, and lo, very good; and there is an evening, and there is a morning—day the sixth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And God saw euery thing that hee had made: and behold, [it was] very good. And the euening and the morning were the sixth day.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And God saw all the things that he had made, and, behold, they were very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elohim saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, [it was] very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
every thing x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
that 834
{0834} Prime
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he had made, 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and, behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
[it was] very 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
good. 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
And the evening 6153
{6153} Prime
עֶרֶב
`ereb
{eh'-reb}
From H6150; dusk.
and the morning 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
the sixth 8345
{8345} Prime
שִׁשִּׁי
shishshiy
{shish-shee'}
From H8337; sixth, ordinal or (feminine) fractional.
day. 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 1:31

_ _ We have here the approbation and conclusion of the whole work of creation. As for God, his work is perfect; and if he begin he will also make an end, in providence and grace, as well as here in creation. Observe,

_ _ I. The review God took of his work: He saw every thing that he had made. So he does still; all the works of his hands are under his eye. He that made all sees all; he that made us sees us, Ps. 139:1-16. Omniscience cannot be separated from omnipotence. Known unto God are all his works, Acts 15:18. But this was the Eternal Mind's solemn reflection upon the copies of its own wisdom and the products of its own power. God has hereby set us an example of reviewing our works. Having given us a power of reflection, he expects we should use that power, see our way (Jeremiah 2:23), and think of it, Psalms 119:59. When we have finished a day's work, and are entering upon the rest of the night, we should commune with our own hearts about what we have been doing that day; so likewise when we have finished a week's work, and are entering upon the sabbath-rest, we should thus prepare to meet our God; and when we are finishing our life's work, and are entering upon our rest in the grave, that is a time to bring to remembrance, that we may die repenting, and so take leave of it.

_ _ II. The complacency God took in his work. When we come to review our works we find, to our shame, that much has been very bad; but, when God reviewed his, all was very good. He did not pronounce it good till he had seen it so, to teach us not to answer a matter before we hear it. The work of creation was a very good work. All that God made was well-made, and there was no flaw nor defect in it. 1. It was good. Good, for it is all agreeable to the mind of the Creator, just as he would have it to be; when the transcript came to be compared with the great original, it was found to be exact, no errata in it, not one misplaced stroke. Good, for it answers the end of its creation, and is fit for the purpose for which it was designed. Good, for it is serviceable to man, whom God had appointed lord of the visible creation. Good, for it is all for God's glory; there is that in the whole visible creation which is a demonstration of God's being and perfections, and which tends to beget, in the soul of man, a religious regard to him and veneration of him. 2. It was very good. Of each day's work (except the second) it was said that it was good, but now, it is very good. For, (1.) Now man was made, who was the chief of the ways of God, who was designed to be the visible image of the Creator's glory and the mouth of the creation in his praises. (2.) Now all was made; every part was good, but all together very good. The glory and goodness, the beauty and harmony, of God's works, both of providence and grace, as this of creation, will best appear when they are perfected. When the top-stone is brought forth we shall cry, Grace, grace, unto it, Zechariah 4:7. Therefore judge nothing before the time.

_ _ III. The time when this work was concluded: The evening and the morning were the sixth day; so that in six days God made the world. We are not to think but that God could have made the world in an instant. He said that, Let there be light, and there was light, could have said, “Let there be a world,” and there would have been a world, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, as at the resurrection, 1 Corinthians 15:52. But he did it in six days, that he might show himself a free-agent, doing his own work both in his own way and in his own time, — that his wisdom, power, and goodness, might appear to us, and be meditated upon by us, the more distinctly, — and that he might set us an example of working six days and resting the seventh; it is therefore made the reason of the fourth commandment. So much would the sabbath conduce to the keeping up of religion in the world that God had an eye to it in the timing of his creation. And now, as God reviewed his work, let us review our meditations upon it, and we shall find them very lame and defective, and our praises low and flat; let us therefore stir up ourselves, and all that is within us, to worship him that made the heaven, earth, and sea, and the fountains of waters, according to the tenour of the everlasting gospel, which is preached to every nation, Revelation 14:6, Revelation 14:7. All his works, in all places of his dominion, do bless him; and, therefore, bless thou the Lord, O my soul!

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 1:31

We have here the approbation and conclusion of the whole work of creation. Observe, The review God took of his work, he saw every thing that he had made — So he doth still; all the works of his hands are under his eye; he that made all sees all. The complacency God took in his work. When we come to review our works we find to our shame, that much has been very bad; but when God reviewed his, all was very good. 1. It was good. Good, for it is all agreeable to the mind of the creator. Good, for it answers the end of its creation. Good, for it is serviceable to man, whom God had appointed lord of the visible creation. Good, for it is all for God's glory; there is that in the whole visible creation which is a demonstration of God's being and perfections, and which tends to beget in the soul of man a religious regard to him. 2. It was very good — Of each day's work (except the second) it was said that it was good, but now it is very good. For, 1. Now man was made, who was the chief of the ways of God, the visible image of the Creator's glory, 2. Now All was made, every part was good, but all together very good. The glory and goodness, the beauty and harmony of God's works both of providence and grace, as this of creation, will best appear when they are perfected. The time when this work was concluded. The evening and the morning were the sixth day — So that in six days God made the world. We are not to think but that God could have made the world in an instant: but he did it in six days, that he might shew himself a free agent, doing his own work, both in his own way, and in his own time; that his wisdom, power and goodness, might appear to us, and be meditated upon by us, the more distinctly; and that he might set us an example of working six days, and resting the seventh. And now as God reviewed his work, let us review our meditations upon it; let us stir up ourselves, and all that is within us, to worship him that made the, heaven, earth, and sea, and the fountains of waters. All his works in all places of his dominion bless him, and therefore bless thou the Lord, O my soul.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
very good:

Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
Psalms 19:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. ... Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.
Psalms 104:24 O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
Psalms 104:31 The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his works.
Lamentations 3:38 Out of the mouth of the most High proceedeth not evil and good?
1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God [is] good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:

and the:

Genesis 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
Genesis 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
Genesis 1:13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
Genesis 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
Genesis 1:23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
Genesis 2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
Exodus 20:11 For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23; 2:2. Ex 20:11. Jb 38:7. Ps 19:1; 104:24, 31. Lm 3:38. 1Ti 4:4.

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User-Posted Comments on Genesis 1:31


It is significant to note that sex was created by God before the entrance of sin into the world.Sex is a wonderful servant but a terrible master.The Husband-wife
relationship is a beautiful relationship.It is compared with Christ-Church relationship in Ephesians 5.The Lord God said,It is not good that the man should be alone.Gen.2:18."
And did not he make one?Yet had he the residue of the spirit.And wherefore one?That he might seek a godly seed......" Mal.2:15.
God blessed man &woman.He said to them,"Be fruitful & multiply..."Gen.1:28.
- Alex (2/17/2009 11:41:23 AM) [qBible.com]
God approved everything He has created at the end of the sixth day.
- Alex (2/16/2009 11:24:04 PM) [qBible.com]
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