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Genesis 10:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The beginning of his kingdom was Babel and Erech and Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So the beginning of his kingdom came to be Babel, and Erech, and Accad and Calneh,—in the land of Shinar.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the first part of his kingdom is Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon, and Arach, and Achad, and Chalanne in the land of Sennaar.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the beginning of his kingdome was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon, and Orech, and Archad, and Chalanne, in the land of Senaar.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the beginning of his kingdom was Bavel, and Erekh, and Akkad, and Kalneh, in the land of Shinar.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the beginning 7225
{7225} Prime
רֵאשִׁית
re'shiyth
{ray-sheeth'}
From the same as H7218; the first, in place, time, order or rank (specifically a firstfruit).
of his kingdom 4467
{4467} Prime
מַמְלָכָה
mamlakah
{mam-law-kaw'}
From H4427; dominion, that is, (abstractly) the estate (rule) or (concretely) the country (realm).
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
Bävel בָּבֶל, 894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
and ´Ere¢ אֶרֶך, 751
{0751} Prime
אֶרֶךְ
'Erek
{eh'-rek}
From H0748; length; Erek, a place in Babylon.
and ´Accað אַכַּד, 390
{0390} Prime
אַכַּד
'Akkad
{ak-kad'}
From an unused root probably meaning to strengthen; a fortress; Accad, a place in Babylon.
and Calnì כַּלנֵה, 3641
{3641} Prime
כַּלְנֶה
Kalneh
{kal-neh'}
Of foreign derivation; Calneh or Calno, a place in the Assyrian empire.
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Šin`är שִׁנעָר. 8152
{8152} Prime
שִׁנְעָר
Shin`ar
{shin-awr'}
Probably of foreign derivation; Shinar, a plain in Babylon.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 10:10

_ _ the beginning of his kingdom — This kingdom, of course, though then considered great, would be comparatively limited in extent, and the towns but small forts.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 10:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 10:10

The beginning of his kingdom was Babel — Some way or other, he got into power: and so laid the foundations of a monarchy which was afterwards a head of gold. It doth not appear that he had any right to rule by birth; but either his fitness for government recommended him, or by power and policy he gradually advanced into the throne. See the antiquity of civil government, and particularly that form of it which lodges the sovereignty in a single person.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 10:10

And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of (g) Shinar.

(g) For there was another city in Egypt, called Babel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 1745, bc 2259

And the:

Jeremiah 50:21 Go up against the land of Merathaim, [even] against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee.
Micah 5:6 And they shall waste the land of Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nimrod in the entrances thereof: thus shall he deliver [us] from the Assyrian, when he cometh into our land, and when he treadeth within our borders.

Babel:
Gr. Babylon,
Genesis 11:9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
Isaiah 39:1 At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had heard that he had been sick, and was recovered.
Micah 4:10 Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth out of the city, and thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go [even] to Babylon; there shalt thou be delivered; there the LORD shall redeem thee from the hand of thine enemies.

Calneh:

Isaiah 10:9 [Is] not Calno as Carchemish? [is] not Hamath as Arpad? [is] not Samaria as Damascus?
Amos 6:2 Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: [be they] better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border?

Shinar:

Genesis 11:2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.
Genesis 14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;
Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
Daniel 1:2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.
Zechariah 5:11 And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 11:2, 9; 14:1. Is 10:9; 11:11; 39:1. Jr 50:21. Dn 1:2. Am 6:2. Mi 4:10; 5:6. Zc 5:11.

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