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Genesis 10:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sons of Japheth: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sons of Japheth [were] Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal and Meshech and Tiras.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sons of Japheth: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sons of Japheth: Gomer and Magog, and Madai, and Javan and Tubal,—and Meshech, and Tiras.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Sons of Japheth [are] Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sons of Japheth: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Thubal, and Mosoch, and Thiras.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sonnes of Iaphet: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Iauan, & Tubal, and Meshech, & Tiras.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sons of Japheth, Gamer, and Magog, and Madoi, and Jovan, and Elisa, and Tubal{gr.Thobel}, and Mosoch, and Thiras.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sons of Yefeth; Gomer, and Magog, and Maday, and Yawan, and Tuval, and Meshekh, and Tiras.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yefe יֶפֶת; 3315
{3315} Prime
יֶפֶת
Yepheth
{yeh'-feth}
From H6601; expansion; Jepheth, a son of Noah; also his posterity.
Gmer גֹּמֶר, 1586
{1586} Prime
גֹּמֶר
Gomer
{go'-mer}
From H1584; completion; Gomer, the name of a son of Japheth and of his descendants; also of a Hebrewess.
and Mqq מָגוֹג, 4031
{4031} Prime
מָגוֹג
Magowg
{maw-gogue'}
From H1463; Magog, a son of Japheth; also a barbarous northern region.
and May מָדַי, 4074
{4074} Prime
מָדַי
Maday
{maw-dah'-ee}
Of foreign derivation; Madai, a country of central Asia.
and Ywn יָוָן, 3120
{3120} Prime
יָוָן
Yavan
{yaw-vawn'}
Probably from the same as H3196; effervescing (that is, hot and active); Javan, the name of a son of Joktan, and of the race (Ionians, that is, Greeks) descended from him, with their territory; also of a place in Arabia.
and Tval תּוּבַל, 8422
{8422} Prime
תּוּבַל
Tuwbal
{too-bal'}
Probably of foreign derivation; Tubal, a postdiluvian patriarch and his posterity.
and Mee מֶשֶׁך, 4902
{4902} Prime
מֶשֶׁךְ
Meshek
{meh'-shek}
The same in form as H4901, but probably of foreign derivation; Meshek, a son of Japheth, and the people descendant from him.
and Trs תִּירָס. 8494
{8494} Prime
תִּירָס
Tiyrac
{tee-rawce'}
Probably of foreign derivation; Tiras, a son of Japheth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 10:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 10:2

Moses begins with Japhet's family, either because he was the eldest, or because that lay remotest from Israel, and had least concern with them, at that time when Moses wrote; and therefore he mentions that race very briefly; hastening to give account of the posterity of Ham, who were Israel's enemies, and of Shem, who were Israel's ancestors: for it is the church that the scripture designed to be the history of, and of the nations of the world only as they were some way or other interested in the affairs of Israel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 10:2

The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and (b) Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

(b) Of Madai and Javan came the Medes and Greeks.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 10:21 Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were [children] born.
1 Chronicles 1:5-7 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. ... And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Ezekiel 27:7 Fine linen with broidered work from Egypt was that which thou spreadest forth to be thy sail; blue and purple from the isles of Elishah was that which covered thee.
Ezekiel 27:12-14 Tarshish [was] thy merchant by reason of the multitude of all [kind of] riches; with silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded in thy fairs. ... They of the house of Togarmah traded in thy fairs with horses and horsemen and mules.
Ezekiel 27:19 Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.
Ezekiel 38:2 Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,
Ezekiel 38:6 Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: [and] many people with thee.
Ezekiel 38:15 And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou, and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army:
Ezekiel 39:1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
Revelation 20:8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom [is] as the sand of the sea.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:21. 1Ch 1:5. Is 66:19. Ezk 27:7, 12, 19; 38:2, 6, 15; 39:1. Rv 20:8.

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