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Genesis 10:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sons of Ham [were] Cush and Mizraim and Put and Canaan.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the sons of Ham: Cush and Mizraim and Phut and Canaan.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And sons of Ham [are] Cush, and Mitzraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Sons of Cham: Chus, and Mesram, and Phuth, and Chanaan.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the sonnes of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the sons of Ham{gr.Cham}, Chus, and Mesrain, Phud, and Canaan{gr.Chanaan}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the sons of Cham; Kush, and Mitzrayim, and Put, and Kenaan.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of m חָם; 2526
{2526} Prime
חָם
Cham
{khawm}
The same as H2525; hot (from the tropical habitat); Cham, a son of Noah; also (as a patronymic) his descendants or their country.
C כּוּשׁ, 3568
{3568} Prime
כּוּשׁ
Kuwsh
{koosh}
Probably of foreign origin; Cush (or Ethiopia), the name of a son of Ham, and of his territory; also of an Israelite.
and Mixrayim מִצרַיִם, 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
and P+ פּוּט, 6316
{6316} Prime
פּוּט
Puwt
{poot}
Of foreign origin; Put, a son of Ham, also the name of his descendants or thier region, and of a Persian tribe.
and Cn`an כְּנָעַן. 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 10:6

_ _ sons of Ham — emigrated southward, and their settlements were: Cush in Arabia, Canaan in the country known by his name, and Mizraim in Egypt, Upper and Lower. It is generally thought that his father accompanied him and personally superintended the formation of the settlement, whence Egypt was called “the land of Ham” [Psalms 105:23, Psalms 105:27; Psalms 106:22].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 10:6-14

_ _ That which is observable and improvable in these verses is the account here given of Nimrod, Genesis 10:8-10. He is here represented as a great man in his day: He began to be a mighty one in the earth, that is, whereas those that went before him were content to stand upon the same level with their neighbours, and though every man bore rule in his own house yet no man pretended any further, Nimrod's aspiring mind could not rest here; he was resolved to tower above his neighbours, not only to be eminent among them, but to lord it over them. The same spirit that actuated the giants before the flood (who became mighty men, and men of renown, Genesis 6:4), now revived in him, so soon was that tremendous judgment which the pride and tyranny of those mighty men brought upon the world forgotten. Note, There are some in whom ambition and affectation of dominion seem to be bred in the bone; such there have been and will be, notwithstanding the wrath of God often revealed from heaven against them. Nothing on this side hell will humble and break the proud spirits of some men, in this like Lucifer, Isaiah 14:14, Isaiah 14:15. Now,

_ _ I. Nimrod was a great hunter; with this he began, and for this became famous to a proverb. Every great hunter is, in remembrance of him, called a Nimrod. 1. Some think he did good with his hunting, served his country by ridding it of the wild beasts which infested it, and so insinuated himself into the affections of his neighbours, and got to be their prince. Those that exercise authority either are, or at least would be called, benefactors, Luke 22:25. 2. Others think that under pretence of hunting he gathered men under his command, in pursuit of another game he had to play, which was to make himself master of the country and to bring them into subjection. He was a mighty hunter, that is, he was a violent invader of his neighbours' rights and properties, and a persecutor of innocent men, carrying all before him, and endeavouring to make all his own by force and violence. He thought himself a mighty prince, but before the Lord (that is, in God's account) he was but a mighty hunter. Note, Great conquerors are but great hunters. Alexander and Caesar would not make such a figure in scripture-history as they do in common history; the former is represented in prophecy but as a he-goat pushing, Daniel 8:5. Nimrod was a mighty hunter against the Lord, so the Septuagint; that is, (1.) He set up idolatry, as Jeroboam did, for the confirming of his usurped dominion. That he might set up a new government, he set up a new religion upon the ruin of the primitive constitution of both. Babel was the mother of harlots. Or, (2.) He carried on his oppression and violence in defiance of God himself, daring Heaven with his impieties, as if he and his huntsmen could out-brave the Almighty, and were a match for the Lord of hosts and all his armies. As if it were a small thing to weary men, he thinks to weary my God also, Isaiah 7:13.

_ _ II. Nimrod was a great ruler: The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Genesis 10:10. Some way or other, by arts or arms, he got into power, either being chosen to it or forcing his way to it; and so laid the foundations of a monarchy, which was afterwards a head of gold, and the terror of the mighty, and bade fair to be universal. It does not appear that he had any right to rule by birth; but either his fitness for government recommended him, as some think, to an election, or by power and policy he advanced gradually, and perhaps insensibly, into the throne. See the antiquity of civil government, and particularly that form of it which lodges the sovereignty in a single person. If Nimrod and his neighbours began, other nations soon learned to incorporate under one head for their common safety and welfare, which, however it began, proved so great a blessing to the world that things were reckoned to go ill indeed when there was no king in Israel.

_ _ III. Nimrod was a great builder. Probably he was architect in the building of Babel, and there he began his kingdom; but, when his project to rule all the sons of Noah was baffled by the confusion of tongues, out of that land he went forth into Assyria (so the margin reads it, Genesis 10:11) and built Nineveh, etc., that, having built these cities, he might command them and rule over them. Observe, in Nimrod, the nature of ambition. 1. It is boundless. Much would have more, and still cries, Give, give. 2. It is restless. Nimrod, when he had four cities under his command, could not be content till he had four more. 3. It is expensive. Nimrod will rather be at the charge of rearing cities than not have the honour of ruling them. The spirit of building is the common effect of a spirit of pride. 4. It is daring, and will stick at nothing. Nimrod's name signifies rebellion, which (if indeed he did abuse his power to the oppression of his neighbours) teaches us that tyrants to men are rebels to God, and their rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 10:6

And the sons of Ham; (d) Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

(d) Of Cush and Mizraim came the Ethiopians and Egyptians.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 1676, bc 2228

And the:

Genesis 9:22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.
1 Chronicles 1:8-16 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. ... And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.
1 Chronicles 4:40 And they found fat pasture and good, and the land [was] wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for [they] of Ham had dwelt there of old.
Psalms 78:51 And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of [their] strength in the tabernacles of Ham:
Psalms 105:23 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.
Psalms 105:27 They shewed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham.
Psalms 106:22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, [and] terrible things by the Red sea.

Ham:
Ham signifies burnt or black; and this name was peculiarly significant of the regions allotted to his family. To the Cushites, or descendants of Cush, were allotted the hot southern regions of Asia, along the shores of the Persian Gulf, Susiana or Chusistan, etc.; to the sons of Canaan, Palestine and Syria; to the sons of Mizraim, Egypt and Libya, in Africa.

Cush:

Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

Phut:

Jeremiah 46:9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle [and] bend the bow.
*marg.
Ezekiel 27:10 They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 9:22. 1Ch 1:8; 4:40. Ps 78:51; 105:23, 27; 106:22. Is 11:11. Jr 46:9. Ezk 27:10.

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