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Genesis 11:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they said one to another, Come, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and burn [them] thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they said one to another, come, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they said one to another, Come on, let us make bricks, and burn [them] thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said they, each man to his friend, Come on! let us make bricks, and burn them thoroughly,—So, the bricks, served them, for stone, and, bitumen, served them for mortar.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they say each one to his neighbour, 'Give help, let us make bricks, and burn [them] thoroughly:' and the brick is to them for stone, and the bitumen hath been to them for mortar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And each one said to his neighbour: Come let us make brick, and bake them with fire. And they had brick instead of stones, and slime instead of mortar:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they sayd one to another; Goe to, let vs make bricke, and burne them thorowly. And they had bricke for stone, and slime had they for morter.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And a man said to his neighbour, Come, let us make bricks and bake them with fire. And the brick was to them for stone, and their mortar was bitumen.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
one 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
another, 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
Go to, 3051
{3051} Prime
יָהַב
yahab
{yaw-hab'}
A primitive root; to give (whether literally or figuratively); generally to put; imperatively (reflexively) come.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
let us make 3835
{3835} Prime
לָבַן
laban
{law-ban'}
A primitive root; to be (or become) white; also (as denominative from H3843) to make bricks.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
brick, 3843
{3843} Prime
לְבֵנָה
l@benah
{leb-ay-naw'}
From H3835; a brick (from the whiteness of the clay).
and burn 8313
{8313} Prime
שָׂרַף
saraph
{saw-raf'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively set) on fire.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them throughly. 8316
{8316} Prime
שְׂרֵפָה
s@rephah
{ser-ay-faw'}
From H8313; cremation.
And they had x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
brick 3843
{3843} Prime
לְבֵנָה
l@benah
{leb-ay-naw'}
From H3835; a brick (from the whiteness of the clay).
for stone, 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
and slime 2564
{2564} Prime
חֵמָר
chemar
{khay-mawr'}
From H2560; bitumen (as rising to the surface).
had 1961
{1961} Prime
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
they for morter. 2563
{2563} Prime
חֹמֶר
chomer
{kho'-mer}
From H2560; properly a bubbling up, that is, of water, a wave; of earth, mire or clay (cement); also a heap; hence a chomer or dry measure.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 11:3

_ _ brick — There being no stone in that quarter, brick is, and was, the only material used for building, as appears in the mass of ruins which at the Birs Nimroud may have been the very town formed by those ancient rebels. Some of these are sun-dried — others burnt in the kiln and of different colors.

_ _ slime — bitumen, a mineral pitch, which, when hardened, forms a strong cement, commonly used in Assyria to this day, and forming the mortar found on the burnt brick remains of antiquity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 11:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 11:3

Go to, let us make brick, let us build us a city — The country being a plain, yielded neither stone nor morter, yet that did not discourage them, but they made brick to serve instead of stone, and slime, or pitch, instead of morter.

Some think they intended hereby to secure themselves against the waters of another flood, but if they had, they would have chosen to build upon a mountain rather than upon a plain. But two things it seems they aimed at in building. To make them a name: they would do something to be talked of by posterity. But they could not gain this point; for we do not find in any history the name of so much as one of these Babel — builders. Philo Judeus saith they engraved every one his name upon a brick; yet neither did that serve their purpose. They did it to prevent their dispersion; lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the earth — It was done (saith Josephus) in disobedience to that command, Genesis 9:1, replenish the earth. God orders them to scatter. No, say they, we will live and die together. In order hereunto they engage themselves and one another in this vast undertaking. That they might unite in one glorious empire, they resolve to build this city and tower, to be the metropolis of their kingdom, and the center of their unity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they said one to another:
Heb. a man said to his neighbour, Go to.
Genesis 11:4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top [may reach] unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
Genesis 11:7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
Psalms 64:5 They encourage themselves [in] an evil matter: they commune of laying snares privily; they say, Who shall see them?
Proverbs 1:11 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:
Ecclesiastes 2:1 I said in mine heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with mirth, therefore enjoy pleasure: and, behold, this also [is] vanity.
Isaiah 5:5 And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:
Isaiah 41:6-7 They helped every one his neighbour; and [every one] said to his brother, Be of good courage. ... So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, [and] he that smootheth [with] the hammer him that smote the anvil, saying, It [is] ready for the sodering: and he fastened it with nails, [that] it should not be moved.
James 4:13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain:
James 5:1 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you].
, not as,
Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:

burn thoroughly:
Heb. burn to a burning

brick:

Exodus 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, [was] with rigour.
Exodus 5:7-18 Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves. ... Go therefore now, [and] work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.
2 Samuel 12:31 And he brought forth the people that [were] therein, and put [them] under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.
Isaiah 9:10 The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change [them into] cedars.
Isaiah 65:3 A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;
Nahum 3:14 Draw thee waters for the siege, fortify thy strong holds: go into clay, and tread the morter, make strong the brickkiln.

slime:

Genesis 14:10 And the vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.
Exodus 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid [it] in the flags by the river's brink.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 11:4, 7; 14:10. Ex 1:14; 2:3; 5:7. 2S 12:31. Ps 64:5. Pv 1:11. Ec 2:1. Is 5:5; 9:10; 41:6; 65:3. Na 3:14. He 3:13; 10:24. Jm 4:13; 5:1.

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