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Genesis 14:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the vale of Siddim was full of slime pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and they fell there, and they that remained fled to the mountain.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the valley of Siddim was full of tar pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and they fell into them. But those who survived fled to the hill country.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the vale of Siddim [was full of] slime-pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there: and they that remained fled to the mountain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the vale of Siddim was full of pits of asphalt. And the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there: and they that remained fled to the mountain.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the valley of the open fields, had many pits of bitumen, so the king of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there,—while, they who remained, towards a mountain, fled.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the valley of Siddim [is] full of bitumen-pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah flee, and fall there, and those left have fled to the mountain.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the woodland vale had many pits of slime. And the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrha turned their backs, and were overthrown there: and they that remained, fled to the mountain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the vale of Siddim was full of slime-pits: and the Kings of Sodome & Gomorrah fled, and fell there: and they that remained, fled to the mountaine.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Now the salt valley [consists of] slime-pits. And the king of Sodom fled and the king of Gomorrah{gr.Gomorrha}, and they fell in there: and they that were left fled to the mountain country.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings of Sedom and Amorah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the vale 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
of iddm שִׂדִּים 7708
{7708} Prime
שִׂדִּים
Siddiym
{sid-deem'}
Plural from the same as H7704; flats; Siddim, a valley in Palestine.
[was full of] y875
[0875] Standard
בְּאֵר
b@'er
{be-ayr'}
From H0874; a pit; especially a well.
slimepits; 875
{0875} Prime
בְּאֵר
b@'er
{be-ayr'}
From H0874; a pit; especially a well.
2564
{2564} Prime
חֵמָר
chemar
{khay-mawr'}
From H2560; bitumen (as rising to the surface).
and the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Sm סְדֹם 5467
{5467} Prime
סְדֹם
C@dom
{sed-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to scorch; burnt (that is, volcanic or bituminous) district; Sedom, a place near the Dead Sea.
and `mr עֲמֹרָה 6017
{6017} Prime
עֲמֹרָה
`Amorah
{am-o-raw'}
From H6014; a (ruined) heap; Amorah, a place in Palestine.
fled, 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and fell 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
there; x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
and they that remained 7604
{7604} Prime
שָׁאַר
sha'ar
{shaw-ar'}
A primitive root; properly to swell up, that is, be (causatively make) redundant.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
fled 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to the mountain. 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 14:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 14:10

And the (e) vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.

(e) And afterward was overwhelmed with water, and so was called the salt sea.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
slime pits, Places where asphaltus or bitumen sprung out of the ground: this substance which is properly denoted by the word "slime," abounds in these parts.
Genesis 11:3 And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.

fell:

Joshua 8:24 And it came to pass, when Israel had made an end of slaying all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the wilderness wherein they chased them, and when they were all fallen on the edge of the sword, until they were consumed, that all the Israelites returned unto Ai, and smote it with the edge of the sword.
Psalms 83:10 [Which] perished at Endor: they became [as] dung for the earth.
Isaiah 24:18 And it shall come to pass, [that] he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.
Jeremiah 48:44 He that fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for I will bring upon it, [even] upon Moab, the year of their visitation, saith the LORD.

the mountain:

Genesis 19:17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.
Genesis 19:30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.
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Gn 11:3; 19:17, 30. Jsh 8:24. Ps 83:10. Is 24:18. Jr 48:44.

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