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Genesis 14:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was priest of God Most High.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was a priest of God Most High.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Melchisedek, king of Salem, brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Melchisedec king of Salem brought out bread and wine. And he was priest of the Most High *God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, Melchizedek king of Salem, had brought forth bread and wine,—he, being priest of GOD Most High.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Melchizedek king of Salem hath brought out bread and wine, and he [is] priest of God Most High;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Melchisedech, the king of Salem, bringing forth bread and wine, for he was the priest of the most high God,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Melchizedek King of Salem brought foorth bread and wine: and he was the Priest of the most high God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Melchisedec king of Salem brought forth loaves and wine, and he was the priest of the most high God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Malki Tzedeq king of Shalem brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of El Elyon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Malc Xeek מַלכִּי־צֶדֶק 4442
{4442} Prime
מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק
Malkiy-Tsedeq
{mal-kee-tseh'-dek}
From H4428 and H6664; king of right; Malki-Tsedek, an early king in Palestine.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of lm שָׁלֵם 8004
{8004} Prime
שָׁלֵם
Shalem
{shaw-lame'}
The same as H8003; peaceful; Shalem, an early name of Jerusalem.
brought forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
and wine: 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
and he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[was] the priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
of l אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
`Elyn עֶליוֹן. 5945
{5945} Prime
עֶלְיוֹן
'elyown
{el-yone'}
From H5927; an elevation, that is, (adjectively) lofty (comparatively); as title, the Supreme.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 14:18

_ _ Melchizedek — This victory conferred a public benefit on that part of the country; and Abram, on his return, was treated with high respect and consideration, particularly by the king of Sodom and Melchizedek, who seems to have been one of the few native princes, if not the only one, who knew and worshipped, “the most high God,” whom Abram served. This king who was a type of the Savior (Hebrews 7:1), came to bless God for the victory which had been won, and in the name of God to bless Abram, by whose arms it had been achieved — a pious acknowledgment which we should imitate on succeeding in any lawful enterprise.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 14:17-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 14:18

The Rabbins say, that Melchizedek was Shem the son of Noah, who was king and priest to those that descended from him, according to the patriarchal model. Many Christian writers have thought that this was an appearance of the Son of God himself, our Lord Jesus, known to Abram at this time by this name. But as nothing is expressly revealed concerning it, we can determine nothing. He brought forth bread and wine — For the refreshment of Abram and his soldiers, and in congratulation of their victory. This he did as a king. As priest of the most high God he blessed Abram, which we may suppose a greater refreshment to Abram than his bread and wine were.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 14:18

And Melchizedek king of Salem (h) brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God.

(h) For Abram and his soldiers refreshment, not to offer sacrifice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
king:

Psalms 76:2 In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion.
Hebrews 7:1-2 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; ... To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;

bread:

Matthew 26:26-29 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. ... But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.
Galatians 6:10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all [men], especially unto them who are of the household of faith.

the priest:

Psalms 110:4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 5:6 As he saith also in another [place], Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 5:10 Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 6:20 Whither the forerunner is for us entered, [even] Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 7:1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;
Hebrews 7:3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
Hebrews 7:10-22 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him. ... By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.

the most:

Ruth 3:10 And he said, Blessed [be] thou of the LORD, my daughter: [for] thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich.
2 Samuel 2:5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed [be] ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, [even] unto Saul, and have buried him.
Psalms 7:17 I will praise the LORD according to his righteousness: and will sing praise to the name of the LORD most high.
Psalms 50:14 Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High:
Psalms 57:2 I will cry unto God most high; unto God that performeth [all things] for me.
Micah 6:6 Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, [and] bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?
Acts 7:48 Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet,
Acts 16:17 The same followed Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the servants of the most high God, which shew unto us the way of salvation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ru 3:10. 2S 2:5. Ps 7:17; 50:14; 57:2; 76:2; 110:4. Mi 6:6. Mt 26:26. Ac 7:48; 16:17. Ga 6:10. He 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:1, 3, 10.

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