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Genesis 14:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and blessed be God Most High, who hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him a tenth of all.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And blessed be God Most High, Who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” He gave him a tenth of all.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And blessed be the most high God, who hath delivered thy enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And blessed be the Most High *God, who has delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him the tenth of all.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And blessed be GOD Most High, who hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. So he gave unto him a tenth of all.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and blessed [is] God Most High, who hath delivered thine adversaries into thy hand;' and he giveth to him a tenth of all.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And blessed be the most high God, by whose protection, the enemies are in thy hands. And he gave him the tithes of all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And blessed bee the most high God, which hath deliuered thine enemies into thy hand: and hee gaue him tithes of all.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and blessed be the most high God who delivered thine enemies into thy power. And Abram gave him the tithe of all.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And blessed be El Elyon, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And blessed 1288
{1288} Prime
בּרךְ
barak
{baw-rak'}
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
be l אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
`Elyn עֶליוֹן, 5945
{5945} Prime
עֶלְיוֹן
'elyown
{el-yone'}
From H5927; an elevation, that is, (adjectively) lofty (comparatively); as title, the Supreme.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
hath delivered 4042
{4042} Prime
מָגַן
magan
{maw-gan'}
A denominative from H4043; properly to shield; encompass with; figuratively to rescue, to hand safely over (that is, surrender).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
thine enemies 6862
{6862} Prime
צַר
tsar
{tsar}
From H6887; narrow; (as a noun) a tight place (usually figuratively, that is, trouble); also a pebble (as in H6864); (transitively) an opponent (as crowding).
into thy hand. 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
And he gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him tithes 4643
{4643} Prime
מַעֲשֵׂר
ma`aser
{mah-as-ayr'}
From H6240; a tenth; especially a tithe.
of all. x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 14:20

_ _ he gave him tithes of all — Here is an evidence of Abram’s piety, as well as of his valor; for it was to a priest or official mediator between God and him that Abram gave a tenth of the spoil — a token of his gratitude and in honor of a divine ordinance (Proverbs 3:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 14:17-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 14:20

And blessed be the most high God — Note, In all our prayers we must praise God, and join hallelujahs with all our hosannas. These are the spiritual sacrifices we must offer up daily, and upon particular occasions. God as the most high God must have the glory of all our victories. In them he shews himself higher than our enemies, and higher than we, for without him we could do nothing. And he gave him tithes of all — That is, of the spoils, Hebrews 7:4. This may be looked upon, As a gratuity presented to Melchizedek, by way of return for his respects. As an offering dedicated to the most high God, and therefore put into the hands of Melchizedek his priest. Jesus Christ, our great Melchizedek, is to be humbly acknowledged by every one of us as our king and priest, and not only the tithe of all, but all we have, must be given up to him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
blessed:

Genesis 9:26 And he said, Blessed [be] the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
Genesis 24:27 And he said, Blessed [be] the LORD God of my master Abraham, who hath not left destitute my master of his mercy and his truth: I [being] in the way, the LORD led me to the house of my master's brethren.
Psalms 68:19 Blessed [be] the Lord, [who] daily loadeth us [with benefits, even] the God of our salvation. Selah.
Psalms 72:17-19 His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and [men] shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed. ... And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 144:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Blessed [be] the LORD my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, [and] my fingers to fight:
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:
1 Peter 1:3-4 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, ... To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,

which:

Joshua 10:42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.
Psalms 44:3 For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.

tithes:

Genesis 28:22 And this stone, which I have set [for] a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.
Leviticus 27:30-32 And all the tithe of the land, [whether] of the seed of the land, [or] of the fruit of the tree, [is] the LORD'S: [it is] holy unto the LORD. ... And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, [even] of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
Numbers 28:26 Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the LORD, after your weeks [be out], ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:
Deuteronomy 12:17 Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thy oil, or the firstlings of thy herds or of thy flock, nor any of thy vows which thou vowest, nor thy freewill offerings, or heave offering of thine hand:
Deuteronomy 14:23 And thou shalt eat before the LORD thy God, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herds and of thy flocks; that thou mayest learn to fear the LORD thy God always.
Deuteronomy 14:28 At the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay [it] up within thy gates:
2 Chronicles 31:5-6 And as soon as the commandment came abroad, the children of Israel brought in abundance the firstfruits of corn, wine, and oil, and honey, and of all the increase of the field; and the tithe of all [things] brought they in abundantly. ... And [concerning] the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah, they also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe of holy things which were consecrated unto the LORD their God, and laid [them] by heaps.
2 Chronicles 31:12 And brought in the offerings and the tithes and the dedicated [things] faithfully: over which Cononiah the Levite [was] ruler, and Shimei his brother [was] the next.
Nehemiah 10:37 And [that] we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.
Nehemiah 13:12 Then brought all Judah the tithe of the corn and the new wine and the oil unto the treasuries.
Amos 4:4 Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three years:
Malachi 3:8 Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
Malachi 3:10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that [there shall] not [be room] enough [to receive it].
Luke 18:12 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
Hebrews 7:4-9 Now consider how great this man [was], unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. ... And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 9:26; 24:27; 28:22. Lv 27:30. Nu 28:26. Dt 12:17; 14:23, 28. Jsh 10:42. 2Ch 31:5, 12. Ne 10:37; 13:12. Ps 44:3; 68:19; 72:17; 144:1. Am 4:4. Mal 3:8, 10. Lk 18:12. Ro 15:16. Ep 1:3. He 7:4. 1P 1:3.

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