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Genesis 14:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lifted up my hand unto Jehovah, God Most High, possessor of heaven and earth,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have sworn to the LORD God Most High, possessor of heaven and earth,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lifted my hand to the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lifted up my hand to Jehovah, the Most High *God, possessor of heavens and earth,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Abram said unto the king of Sodom,—I have lifted up my hand unto Yahweh, GOD Most High, possessor of [the] heavens and earth:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Abram saith unto the king of Sodom, 'I have lifted up my hand unto Jehovah, God Most High, possessing heaven and earth—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he answered him: I lift up my hand to the Lord God the most high, the possessor of heaven and earth,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Abram said to the King of Sodome, I haue lift vp my hand vnto the LORD, the most high God, the possessour of heauen and earth,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I will stretch out my hand to the Lord the most high God, who made the heaven and the earth,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Avram said to the king of Sedom, I have lift up mine hand unto Yahweh, El Elyon, the possessor of heaven and earth,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Avrm אַברָם 87
{0087} Prime
אַבְרָם
'Abram
{ab-rawm'}
Contracted from H0048; high father; Abram, the original name of Abraham.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Sm סְדֹם, 5467
{5467} Prime
סְדֹם
C@dom
{sed-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to scorch; burnt (that is, volcanic or bituminous) district; Sedom, a place near the Dead Sea.
I have lift up 7311
{7311} Prime
רוּם
ruwm
{room}
A primitive root; to be high actively to rise or raise (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
mine hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
l אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
`Elyn עֶליוֹן, 5945
{5945} Prime
עֶלְיוֹן
'elyown
{el-yone'}
From H5927; an elevation, that is, (adjectively) lofty (comparatively); as title, the Supreme.
the possessor 7069
{7069} Prime
קָנָה
qanah
{kaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to erect, that is, create; by extension to procure, especially by purchase (causatively sell); by implication to own.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of heaven 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
and earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 14:21-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 14:22

I have lift up mine hand to the Lord that I will not take anything — Here Observe, The titles he gives to God, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth — The same that Melchizedek had just now used. It is good to learn of others how to order our speech concerning God, and to imitate those who speak well in divine things. The ceremony used in this oath; I have lift up my hand — In religious swearing we appeal to God's knowledge of our truth and sincerity, and imprecate his wrath if we swear falsely; and the lifting up of the hands is expressive of both. Lest thou shouldst say, I have made Abram rich — Probably, Abram knew the king of Sodom to be a proud and scornful man, and one that would be apt to turn such a thing as this to his reproach afterwards, and when we have to do with such men, we have need to act with particular caution.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
lift:

Exodus 6:8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I [am] the LORD.
Deuteronomy 32:40 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever.
Daniel 12:7 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which [was] upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that [it shall be] for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these [things] shall be finished.
Revelation 10:5-6 And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, ... And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer:

unto:

Genesis 21:23-31 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: [but] according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned. ... Wherefore he called that place Beersheba; because there they sware both of them.
Judges 11:35 And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back.

the most:

Genesis 14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
Genesis 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I [am] the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.
Psalms 24:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] The earth [is] the LORD'S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
Psalms 83:18 That [men] may know that thou, whose name alone [is] JEHOVAH, [art] the most high over all the earth.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Daniel 4:34 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:
Haggai 2:8 The silver [is] mine, and the gold [is] mine, saith the LORD of hosts.

possessor:

Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed [be] Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
Genesis 21:33 And [Abraham] planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 14:19, 20; 17:1; 21:23, 33. Ex 6:8. Dt 32:40. Jg 11:35. Ps 24:1; 83:18. Is 57:15. Dn 4:34; 12:7. Hg 2:8. Rv 10:5.

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