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Genesis 14:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that [were] with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim and the Zuzim in Ham and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that [were] with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emins in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-Kirjathaim,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, in the fourteenth year, had Chedorlaomer come in, and the kings who were with him, so they smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham,—and the Emim, in Shaveh-kiriathaim;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings who [are] with him, and they smite the Rephaim in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And in the fourteenth year came Chodorlahomor, and the kings that were with him: and they smote the Raphaim in Astarothcarnaim, and the Zuzim with them, and the Emim in Save of Cariathaim.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in the fourteenth yeere came Chedorlaomer, and the Kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims, in Ashteroth Karnaim, & the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaueh Kiriathaim;
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And in the fourteenth year came Chodollogomor, and the kings with him, and cut to pieces the giants in Ashtaroth{gr.Astaroth}, and Carnain, and strong nations with them, and the Ommaeans in the city Save.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And in the fourteenth year came Kedorlaomer, and the kings that [were] with him, and smote the Refaim in Ashteroth Qarnayim, and the Zuzim in Cham, and the Emim in Shaweh Qiryathayim,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And in the fourteenth 6240
{6240} Prime
עָשָׂר
`asar
{aw-sawr'}
For H6235; ten (only in combination), that is, the 'teens'; also (ordinal) a 'teenth'.
702
{0702} Prime
אַרְבַּע
'arba`
{ar-bah'}
The second form is the masculine form; from H7251; four.
year 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Corl`mer כְּדָרלָעֹמֶר, 3540
{3540} Prime
כְּדָרְלָעֹמֶר
K@dorla`omer
{ked-or-law-o'-mer}
Of foreign origin; Kedorlaomer, an early Persian king.
and the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
him, and smote 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the Rfm רְפָאִים 7497
{7497} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
From H7495 in the sense of invigorating; a giant.
in `Atr עַשׁתְּרֹת Karnayim קַרנַיִם, 6255
{6255} Prime
עַשְׁתְּרֹת קַרְנַיִם
`Asht@roth Qarnayim
{ash-ter-oth' kar-nah'-yim}
From H6252 and the dual of H7161; Ashtaroth of (the) double horns (a symbol of the deity); Ashteroth Karnaim, a place East of the Jordan.
and the Zzm זוּזִים 2104
{2104} Prime
זוּזִים
Zuwziym
{zoo-zeem'}
Plural probably from the same as H2123; prominent; Zuzites, an aboriginal tribe of Palestine.
in m חָם, 1990
{1990} Prime
הָם
Ham
{hawm}
Of uncertainly derivation; Ham, a region of Palestine.
and the mm אֵימִים 368
{0368} Prime
אֵימִים
'Eymiym
{ay-meem'}
Plural of H0367; terrors; Emim, an early Canaanitish (or Moabitish) tribe.
in w שָׁוֵה Kiryyim קִריָתָיִם, 7741
{7741} Prime
שָׁוֵה קִרְיָתָיִם
Shaveh Qiryathayim
{shaw-vay' kir-yaw-thah'-yim}
From the same as H7740 and the dual of H7151; plain of a double city; Shaveh Kirjathajim, a place East of the Jordan.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 14:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 14:5

In the fourteenth year — After some pause and preparation, Chedorlaomer, in conjunction with his allies, set himself to reduce the revolters.

[3.] The progress of the war. The four kings laid the neighbouring countries waste, and enriched themselves with the spoil of them, Genesis 14:5-7. Upon the alarm of which, the king of Sodom and his allies went out and were routed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Rephaims:

Genesis 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,
Deuteronomy 3:11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits [was] the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.
Deuteronomy 3:20 Until the LORD have given rest unto your brethren, as well as unto you, and [until] they also possess the land which the LORD your God hath given them beyond Jordan: and [then] shall ye return every man unto his possession, which I have given you.
Deuteronomy 3:22 Ye shall not fear them: for the LORD your God he shall fight for you.
2 Samuel 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
2 Samuel 5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
2 Samuel 23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.
1 Chronicles 11:15 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
1 Chronicles 14:9 And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
Isaiah 17:5 And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim.

Ashteroth:
The same as Ashteroth, a city of Bashan, where Og afterwards reigned.
Deuteronomy 1:4 After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:
Joshua 12:4 And the coast of Og king of Bashan, [which was] of the remnant of the giants, that dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,
Joshua 13:12 All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants: for these did Moses smite, and cast them out.
Joshua 13:31 And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, [were pertaining] unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, [even] to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

Zuzims:

Deuteronomy 2:20-23 (That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; ... And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, [even] unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
1 Chronicles 4:40 And they found fat pasture and good, and the land [was] wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for [they] of Ham had dwelt there of old.
Psalms 78:51 And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of [their] strength in the tabernacles of Ham:
Psalms 105:23 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.
Psalms 105:27 They shewed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham.
Psalms 106:22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, [and] terrible things by the Red sea.

Emims:

Deuteronomy 2:10-11 The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; ... Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites call them Emims.

Shaveh Kiriathaim:
or, the plains of Kiriathaim, Kiriathaim was beyond Jordan, 10 miles west-ward from Medeba, and afterwards belonged to Sihon, king of Heshbon.
Joshua 13:19 And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zarethshahar in the mount of the valley,
Jeremiah 48:1 Against Moab thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe unto Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded [and] taken: Misgab is confounded and dismayed.
Jeremiah 48:23 And upon Kiriathaim, and upon Bethgamul, and upon Bethmeon,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:20. Dt 1:4; 2:10, 20; 3:11, 20, 22. Jsh 12:4; 13:12, 19, 31. 2S 5:18, 22; 23:13. 1Ch 4:40; 11:15; 14:9. Ps 78:51; 105:23, 27; 106:22. Is 17:5. Jr 48:1, 23.

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