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Genesis 15:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said unto him, Take me a heifer three years old, and a she-goat three years old, and a ram three years old, and a turtle-dove, and a young pigeon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So He said to him, “Bring Me a three year old heifer, and a three year old female goat, and a three year old ram, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said to him, Take me a heifer of three years old, and a she-goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtle-dove, and a young pigeon.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said to him, Take me a heifer of three years old, and a she-goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtle-dove, and a young pigeon.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said unto him, Take for me a heifer, three years old, and a she-goat three years old, and a ram three years old, and a turtle-dove, and a young pigeon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He saith unto him, 'Take for Me a heifer of three years, and a she-goat of three years, and a ram of three years, and a turtle-dove, and a young bird;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord answered, and said: Take me a cow of three years old, and a she goat of three years. and a ram of three years, a turtle also, and a pigeon.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said vnto him, Take me an heifer of three yeeres old, and a shee goat of three yeeres old, and a ramme of three yeeres old, and a turtle doue, and a yong pigeon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he said to him, Take for me an heifer in her third year, and a she-goat in her third year, and a ram in his third year, and a dove and a pigeon.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him, Take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
me an heifer 5697
{5697} Prime
עֶגְלָה
`eglah
{eg-law'}
Feminine of H5695; a (female) calf, especially one nearly grown (that is, a heifer).
of three years old, 8027
{8027} Prime
שׁלשׁ
shalash
{shaw-lash'}
A primitive root perhaps originally to intensify, that is, treble; but apparently used only as denominative from H7969, to be (causatively make) triplicate (by restoration, in portions, strands, days or years).
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
and a she goat 5795
{5795} Prime
עֵז
`ez
{aze}
From H5810; a she goat (as strong), but masculine in plural (which also is used elliptically for goats' hair).
of three years old, 8027
{8027} Prime
שׁלשׁ
shalash
{shaw-lash'}
A primitive root perhaps originally to intensify, that is, treble; but apparently used only as denominative from H7969, to be (causatively make) triplicate (by restoration, in portions, strands, days or years).
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
and a ram 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
of three years old, 8027
{8027} Prime
שׁלשׁ
shalash
{shaw-lash'}
A primitive root perhaps originally to intensify, that is, treble; but apparently used only as denominative from H7969, to be (causatively make) triplicate (by restoration, in portions, strands, days or years).
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
and a turtledove, 8449
{8449} Prime
תּוֹר
towr
{tore}
Probably the same as H8447; a ring dove, often (figuratively) as a term of endearment.
and a young pigeon. 1469
{1469} Prime
גּוֹזָל
gowzal
{go-zawl'}
From H1497; a nestling (as being comparatively nude of feathers).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 15:9-21

_ _ Take me an heifer, etc. — On occasions of great importance, when two or more parties join in a compact, they either observe precisely the same rites as Abram did, or, where they do not, they invoke the lamp as their witness. According to these ideas, which have been from time immemorial engraven on the minds of Eastern people, the Lord Himself condescended to enter into covenant with Abram. The patriarch did not pass between the sacrifice and the reason was that in this transaction he was bound to nothing. He asked a sign, and God was pleased to give him a sign, by which, according to Eastern ideas, He bound Himself. In like manner God has entered into covenant with us; and in the glory of the only-begotten Son, who passed through between God and us, all who believe have, like Abram, a sign or pledge in the gift of the Spirit, whereby they may know that they shall inherit the heavenly Canaan.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 15:7-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 15:9

Take me an heifer — Perhaps Abram expected some sign from heaven, but God gives him a sign upon a sacrifice. Those that would receive the assurances of God's favour, must attend instituted ordinances, and expect to meet with God in them. Observe, God appointed that each of the beasts used for his service should be three years old, because then they were at their full growth and strength. God must be served with the best we have. We do not read that God gave Abram particular directions how to manage these, knowing that he was well versed in the custom of sacrifices. Abram took as God appointed him, though as yet he knew not how these things should become a sign to him. He divided the beasts in the midst, according to the ceremony used in continuing covenants, Jeremiah 34:18-19, where it is said, they cut the calf in twain, and passed between the parts. Abram, having prepared according to God's appointment, set himself to expect what sign God would give him by these.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind [him] a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.
Leviticus 1:3 If his offering [be] a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.
Leviticus 1:10 And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish.
Leviticus 1:14 And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD [be] of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.
Leviticus 3:1 And if his oblation [be] a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offer [it] of the herd; whether [it be] a male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD.
Leviticus 3:6 And if his offering for a sacrifice of peace offering unto the LORD [be] of the flock; male or female, he shall offer it without blemish.
Leviticus 9:2 And he said unto Aaron, Take thee a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer [them] before the LORD.
Leviticus 9:4 Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meat offering mingled with oil: for to day the LORD will appear unto you.
Leviticus 12:8 And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean.
Leviticus 14:22 And two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, such as he is able to get; and the one shall be a sin offering, and the other a burnt offering.
Leviticus 14:30 And he shall offer the one of the turtledoves, or of the young pigeons, such as he can get;
Psalms 50:5 Gather my saints together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice.
Isaiah 15:5 My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives [shall flee] unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.
Luke 2:24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:13. Lv 1:3, 10, 14; 3:1, 6; 9:2, 4; 12:8; 14:22, 30. Ps 50:5. Is 15:5. Lk 2:24.

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