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Genesis 16:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he shall be [as] a wild ass among men; his hand [shall be] against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell over against all his brethren.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he will be a wild man; his hand [will be] against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He will be a wild donkey of a man, His hand [will be] against everyone, And everyone’s hand [will be] against him; And he will live to the east of all his brothers.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he will be a wild man; his hand [will be] against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he will be a wild-ass of a man, his hand against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell before the face of all his brethren.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, he, will be a wild ass of a man, his hand, against every one, and, every one's hand, against him—yet, in presence of all his brethren, shall he have his habitation.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he is a wild-ass man, his hand against every one, and every one's hand against him—and before the face of all his brethren he dwelleth.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall be a wild man: his hand will be against all men, and all men's hands against him: and he shall pitch his tents over against all his brethren.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he will be a wilde man; his hand will be against euery man, and euery mans hand against him: & he shal dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He shall be a wild man, his hands against all, and the hands of all against him, and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he will be a wild man; his hand [will be] against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
will be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a wild 6501
{6501} Prime
פֶּרֶא
pere'
{peh'-reh}
From H6500 in the secondary sense of running wild; the onager.
man; 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
his hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
[will be] against every man, x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
and every man's x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
against him; and he shall dwell 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the presence 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his brethren. 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 16:12

_ _ he will be a wild man — literally, “a wild ass man,” expressing how the wildness of Ishmael and his descendants resembles that of the wild ass.

_ _ his hand will be against every man — descriptive of the rude, turbulent, and plundering character of the Arabs.

_ _ dwell in the presence of all his brethren — dwell, that is, pitch tents; and the meaning is that they maintain their independence in spite of all attempts to extirpate or subdue them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 16:10-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 16:12

He will be a wild man — A wild ass of a man, so the word is: rude, and bold and fearing no man; untamed, untractable, living at large, and impatient of service and restraint. His hand will be against every man — That is his sin, and every man's hand against him — That is his punishment. Note, Those that have turbulent spirits have commonly troublesome lives: they that are provoking, and injurious to others, must expect to be repaid in their own coin. And yet, he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren — Though threatened and insulted by all his neighbours, yet he shall keep his ground, and, for Abram's sake more than his own, shall be able to make his part good with them. Accordingly we read, Genesis 25:18, that he died, as he lived, in the presence of all his brethren.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 16:12

And he will be a wild man; his hand [will be] against every man, and every man's hand against him; and (f) he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.

(f) That is, the Ishmaelites will be a separate people by themselves and not part of another people.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
be a:

Genesis 21:20 And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.
Job 11:12 For vain man would be wise, though man be born [like] a wild ass's colt.
Job 39:5-8 Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass? ... The range of the mountains [is] his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.

wild:
The word rendered "wild" also denotes the "wild ass;" the description of which animal in
Job 39:5-8 Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass? ... The range of the mountains [is] his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.
, affords the very best representation of the wandering, lawless, freebooting life of the Bedouin and other Arabs, the descendants of Ishmael.

his hand:

Genesis 27:40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

he shall:

Genesis 25:18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that [is] before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: [and] he died in the presence of all his brethren.
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