Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Genesis 16:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the angel of Jehovah found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Angel of Jehovah found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the messenger of Yahweh found her, by the fountain of water, in the desert,—by the fountain in the way to Shur.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And a messenger of Jehovah findeth her by the fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way [to] Shur,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the angel of the Lord having found her, by a fountain of water in the wilderness, which is in the way to Sur in the desert,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Angel of the LORD found her by a fountaine of water, in the wildernesse, by the fountaine, in the way to Shur:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And an angel of the Lord found her by the fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur{gr.Sur}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the angel of Yahweh found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the angel 4397
{4397} Prime
מַלְאָךְ
mal'ak
{mal-awk'}
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, that is, an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher).
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
found x4672
(4672) Complement
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
her y4672
[4672] Standard
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
a fountain 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
of water 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
in the wilderness, 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the fountain 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
in the way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
to r שׁוּר. 7793
{7793} Prime
שׁוּר
Shuwr
{shoor}
The same as H7791; Shur, a region of the Desert.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 16:7

_ _ And the angel of the Lord found her by a fountain — This well, pointed out by tradition, lay on the side of the caravan road, in the midst of Shur, a sandy desert on the west of Arabia-Petraea, to the extent of a hundred fifty miles, between Palestine and Egypt. By taking that direction, she seems to have intended to return to her relatives in that country. Nothing but pride, passion, and sullen obstinacy, could have driven any solitary person to brave the dangers of such an inhospitable wild; and she would have died, had not the timely appearance and words of the angel recalled her to reflection and duty.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 16:7-9

_ _ Here is the first mention we have in scripture of an angel's appearance. Hagar was a type of the law, which was given by the disposition of angels; but the world to come is not put in subjection to them, Hebrews 2:5. Observe,

_ _ I. How the angel arrested her in her flight, Hebrews 2:7. It should seem, she was making towards her own country; for she was in the way to Shur, which lay towards Egypt. It were well if our afflictions would make us think of our home, the better country. But Hagar was now out of her place, and out of the way of her duty, and going further astray, when the angel found her. Note, 1. It is a great mercy to be stopped in a sinful way either by conscience or by Providence. 2. God suffers those that are out of the way to wander awhile, that when they see their folly, and what a loss they have brought themselves to, they may be the better disposed to return. Hagar was not stopped till she was in the wilderness, and had set down, weary enough, and glad of clear water to refresh herself with. God brings us into a wilderness, and there meets us, Hosea 2:14.

_ _ II. How he examined her, Genesis 16:8. Observe,

_ _ 1. He called her Hagar, Sarai's maid, (1.) As a check to her pride. Though she was Abram's wife, and, as such, was obliged to return, yet he calls her Sarai's maid, to humble her. Note, Though civility teaches us to call others by their highest titles, yet humility and wisdom teach us to call ourselves by the lowest. (2.) As a rebuke to her flight. Sarai's maid ought to be in Sarai's tent, and not wandering in the wilderness and sauntering by a fountain of water. Note, It is good for us often to call to mind what our place and relation are. See Ecclesiastes 10:4.

_ _ 2. The questions the angel put to her were proper and very pertinent. (1.) “Whence comest thou? Consider that thou art running away both from the duty thou wast bound to and the privileges thou wast blessed with in Abram's tent.” Note, It is a great advantage to live in a religious family, which those ought to consider who have that advantage, yet upon every slight inducement are forward to quit it. (2.) “Whither wilt thou go? Thou art running thyself into sin, in Egypt” (if she return to that people, she will return to their gods), “and into danger, in the wilderness,” through which she must travel, Deuteronomy 8:15. Note, Those who are forsaking God and their duty would do well to remember not only whence they have fallen, but whither they are falling. See Jeremiah 2:18, What hast thou to do (with Hagar) in the way of Egypt? John 6:68.

_ _ 3. Her answer was honest, and a fair confession: I flee from the face of my mistress. In this, (1.) She acknowledges her fault in fleeing from her mistress, and yet, (2.) Excuses it, that it was from the face, of displeasure, of her mistress. Note, Children and servants must be treated with mildness and gentleness, lest we provoke them to take any irregular courses and so become accessory to their sins, which will condemn us, though it will not justify them.

_ _ 4. How he sent her back, with suitable and compassionate counsel: “Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hand, Genesis 16:9. Go home, and humble thyself for what thou hast done amiss, and beg pardon, and resolve for the future to behave thyself better.” He makes no question but she would be welcome, though it does not appear that Abram sent after her. Note, Those that have gone away from their place and duty, when they are convinced of their error, must hasten their return and reformation, how mortifying soever it may be.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 16:7

Here is the first mention we have in scripture of an angel's appearance, who arrested her in her flight. It should seem she was making towards her own country, for she was in the way to Shur, which lay towards Egypt. 'Twere well if our afflictions would make us think of our home, the better county. But Hagar was now out of the way of her duty, and going farther astray, when the angel found her. It is a great mercy to be stopt in a sinful way, either by conscience or providence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 16:7

And the (d) angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

(d) Which was Christ, as appears in (Genesis 16:13, Genesis 18:17).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
found:

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD [are] in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

the fountain:

Genesis 25:18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that [is] before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: [and] he died in the presence of all his brethren.
Exodus 15:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.
1 Samuel 15:7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah [until] thou comest to Shur, that [is] over against Egypt.

Shur:
The desert of Shur being between the south of Canaan, where Hebron was situated, and Egypt, it is likely that Hagar was returning to her own country.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 25:18. Ex 15:22. 1S 15:7. Pv 15:3.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Genesis 16:7.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Genesis 16:7


Recent Chat Bible Comments