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Genesis 2:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and cleave to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For this cause, will a man leave his father, and his mother,—and cleave unto his wife, and they shall become one flesh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— therefore doth a man leave his father and his mother, and hath cleaved unto his wife, and they have become one flesh.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore a man shall leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they shall be two in one flesh.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore shall a man leaue his father and his mother, and shall cleaue vnto his wife: and they shalbe one flesh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother and shall cleave to his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore 3651
{3651} Prime
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
shall a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
leave 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
and his mother, 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
and shall cleave 1692
{1692} Prime
דָּבַק
dabaq
{daw-bak'}
A primitive root; properly to impinge, that is, cling or adhere; figuratively to catch by pursuit.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto his wife: 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
and they shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
flesh. 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 2:24

_ _ one flesh — The human pair differed from all other pairs, that by peculiar formation of Eve, they were one. And this passage is appealed to by our Lord as the divine institution of marriage (Matthew 19:4, Matthew 19:5; Ephesians 5:28). Thus Adam appears as a creature formed after the image of God — showing his knowledge by giving names to the animals, his righteousness by his approval of the marriage relation, and his holiness by his principles and feelings, and finding gratification in the service and enjoyment of God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 2:21-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 2:24

The sabbath and marriage were two ordinances instituted in innocency, the former for the preservation of the church, the latter for the preservation of mankind. It appears by Matthew 19:4-5, that it was God himself who said here, a man must leave all his relations to cleave to his wife; but whether he spake it by Moses or by Adam who spake, Genesis 2:23 is uncertain: It should seem they are the words of Adam in God's name, laying down this law to all his posterity. The virtue of a divine ordinance, and the bonds of it, are stronger even than those of nature. See how necessary it is that children should take their parents consent with them in their marriage; and how unjust they are to their parents, as well as undutiful, if they marry without it; for they rob them of their right to them, and interest in them, and alienate it to another fraudulently and unnaturally.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 2:24

Therefore shall a man leave (p) his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

(p) So marriage requires a greater duty of us toward our wives, than otherwise we are bound to show to our parents.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
leave:

Genesis 24:58-59 And they called Rebekah, and said unto her, Wilt thou go with this man? And she said, I will go. ... And they sent away Rebekah their sister, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and his men.
Genesis 31:14-15 And Rachel and Leah answered and said unto him, [Is there] yet any portion or inheritance for us in our father's house? ... Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hath sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money.
Psalms 45:10 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;

cleave:

Leviticus 22:12-13 If the priest's daughter also be [married] unto a stranger, she may not eat of an offering of the holy things. ... But if the priest's daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned unto her father's house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father's meat: but there shall no stranger eat thereof.
Deuteronomy 4:4 But ye that did cleave unto the LORD your God [are] alive every one of you this day.
Deuteronomy 10:20 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
Joshua 23:8 But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day.
Psalms 45:10 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman [is] a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in his bones.
Proverbs 31:10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price [is] far above rubies.
Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.

and they shall be one flesh:
The LXX, Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, and Samaritan read, "they two;" as is also read in several of the Parallel Passages.
Malachi 2:14-16 Yet ye say, Wherefore? Because the LORD hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet [is] she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant. ... For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away: for [one] covereth violence with his garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.
Matthew 19:3-9 The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause? ... And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except [it be] for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery.
Mark 10:6-12 But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female. ... And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Romans 7:2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to [her] husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of [her] husband.
1 Corinthians 6:16-17 What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh. ... But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.
1 Corinthians 7:2-4 Nevertheless, [to avoid] fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. ... The wife hath not power of her own body, but the husband: and likewise also the husband hath not power of his own body, but the wife.
1 Corinthians 7:10 And unto the married I command, [yet] not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from [her] husband:
1 Corinthians 7:11 But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to [her] husband: and let not the husband put away [his] wife.
Ephesians 5:28-31 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. ... For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.
1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.
1 Peter 3:1-7 Likewise, ye wives, [be] in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives; ... Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with [them] according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 24:58; 31:14. Lv 22:12. Dt 4:4; 10:20. Jsh 23:8. Ps 45:10. Pv 12:4; 31:10. Mal 2:14. Mt 19:3. Mk 10:6. Ac 11:23. Ro 7:2. 1Co 6:16; 7:2, 10, 11. Ep 5:28. 1Ti 5:14. 1P 3:1.

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