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Genesis 2:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it; because that in it he rested from all his work which God had created and made.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it, because that on it he rested from all his work which God had created in making it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it,—because, therein, rested he from all his work which God, by creating, had made.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And God blesseth the seventh day, and sanctifieth it, for in it He hath ceased from all His work which God had prepared for making.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And God blessed the seuenth day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his worke, which God created and made.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it he ceased from all his works which God began to do.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elohim blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which Elohim created and made.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
blessed 1288
{1288} Prime
בּרךְ
barak
{baw-rak'}
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the seventh 7637
{7637} Prime
שְׁבִיעִי
sh@biy`iy
{sheb-ee-ee'}
Ordinal from H7657; seventh.
day, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
and sanctified 6942
{6942} Prime
קָדַשׁ
qadash
{kaw-dash'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
it: because 3588
{3588} Prime
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
that in it he had rested 7673
{7673} Prime
שָׁבַת
shabath
{shaw-bath'}
A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from all x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his work 4399
{4399} Prime
מְלָאכָה
m@la'kah
{mel-aw-kaw'}
From the same as H4397; properly deputyship, that is, ministry; generally employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
created 1254
{1254} Prime
בּרא
bara'
{baw-raw'}
A primitive root; (absolutely) to create; (qualified) to cut down (a wood), select, feed (as formative processes).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and made. 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 2:3

_ _ blessed and sanctified the seventh day — a peculiar distinction put upon it above the other six days, and showing it was devoted to sacred purposes. The institution of the Sabbath is as old as creation, giving rise to that weekly division of time which prevailed in the earliest ages. It is a wise and beneficent law, affording that regular interval of rest which the physical nature of man and the animals employed in his service requires, and the neglect of which brings both to premature decay. Moreover, it secures an appointed season for religious worship, and if it was necessary in a state of primeval innocence, how much more so now, when mankind has a strong tendency to forget God and His claims?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 2:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

See commentary on Genesis 2:1-3.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 2:3

And God blessed the seventh day, and (c) sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

(c) Appointed it to be kept holy, that man might in it consider the excellency of his works and God's goodness toward him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
blessed:

Exodus 16:22-30 And it came to pass, [that] on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one [man]: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. ... So the people rested on the seventh day.
Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. ... For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Exodus 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.
Exodus 31:13-17 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it [is] a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that [ye] may know that I [am] the LORD that doth sanctify you. ... It [is] a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.
Exodus 34:21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.
Exodus 35:2-3 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death. ... Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.
Leviticus 23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day [is] the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work [therein]: it [is] the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
Leviticus 25:2-3 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the LORD. ... Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof;
Deuteronomy 5:12-14 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee. ... But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.
Nehemiah 9:14 And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:
Nehemiah 13:15-22 In those days saw I in Judah [some] treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all [manner of] burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified [against them] in the day wherein they sold victuals. ... And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and [that] they should come [and] keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, [concerning] this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy.
Proverbs 10:22 The blessing of the LORD, it maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow with it.
Isaiah 56:2-7 Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the son of man [that] layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil. ... Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices [shall be] accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.
Isaiah 58:13-14 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, [from] doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking [thine own] words: ... Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken [it].
Jeremiah 17:21-27 Thus saith the LORD; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath day, nor bring [it] in by the gates of Jerusalem; ... But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched.
Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I [am] the LORD that sanctify them.
Mark 2:27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:
Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
Hebrews 4:4-10 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. ... For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his.

created and made:
Heb. created to make
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 16:22; 20:8; 23:12; 31:13; 34:21; 35:2. Lv 23:3; 25:2. Dt 5:12. Ne 9:14; 13:15. Pv 10:22. Is 56:2; 58:13. Jr 17:21. Ezk 20:12. Mk 2:27. Lk 23:56. He 4:4.

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