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Genesis 20:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Abimelech took sheep and oxen, and men-servants and women-servants, and gave them unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and womenservants, and gave [them] unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Abimelech then took sheep and oxen and male and female servants, and gave them to Abraham, and restored his wife Sarah to him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and men-servants, and women-servants, and gave [them] to Abraham, and restored to him Sarah his wife.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Abimelech took sheep and oxen, and bondmen and bondwomen, and gave [them] to Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then took Abimelech sheep and oxen, and men-servants and maid-servants, and gave to Abraham,—and restored to him Sarah his wife.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Abimelech taketh sheep and oxen, and servants and handmaids, and giveth to Abraham, and sendeth back to him Sarah his wife;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Abimelech took sheep and oxen, and servants and handmaids, and gave to Abraham: and restored to him Sara his wife,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Abimelech tooke sheepe and oxen, and men-seruants, and women seruants, and gaue them vnto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abimelech took a thousand pieces of silver, and sheep, and calves, and servants, and maid-servants, and gave them to Abraham{gr.Abraam}, and he returned him Sarah{gr.Sarrha} his wife.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Avimelekh took sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and womenservants, and gave [them] unto Avraham, and restored him Sarah his wife.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And vmele אֲבִימֶלֶך 40
{0040} Prime
From H0001 and H4428; father of (the) king; Abimelek, the name of two Philistine kings and of two Israelites.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
sheep, 6629
{6629} Prime
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
and oxen, 1241
{1241} Prime
From H1239; a beeve or animal of the ox kind of either gender (as used for ploughing); collectively a herd.
and menservants, 5650
{5650} Prime
From H5647; a servant.
and womenservants, 8198
{8198} Prime
Feminine from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see H4940); a female slave (as a member of the household).
and gave 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[them] unto Avrhm אַברָהָם, 85
{0085} Prime
Contracted from H0001 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram.
and restored 7725
{7725} Prime
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
him x853
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
r שָׂרָה 8283
{8283} Prime
The same as H8282; Sarah, Abraham's wife.
his wife. 802
{0802} Prime
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 20:14-18

_ _ Here is, I. The kindness of a prince which Abimelech showed to Abraham. See how unjust Abraham's jealousies were. He fancied that if they knew that Sarah was his wife they would kill him; but, when they did know it, instead of killing him they were kind to him, frightened at least to be so by the divine rebukes they were under. 1. He gives him his royal licence to dwell where he pleased in his country, courting his stay because he gives him his royal gifts (Genesis 20:14), sheep and oxen, and (Genesis 20:16) a thousand pieces of silver. This he gave when he restored Sarah, either, [1.] By way of satisfaction for the wrong he had offered to do, in taking her to his house: when the Philistines restored the ark, being plagued for detaining it, they sent a present with it. The law appointed that when restitution was made something should be added to it, Leviticus 6:5. Or, [2.] To engage Abraham's prayers for him; not as if prayers should be bought and sold, but we should endeavour to be kind to those of whose spiritual things we reap, 1 Corinthians 9:11. Note, It is our wisdom to get and keep an interest with those that have an interest in heaven, and to make those our friends who are the friends of God. [3.] He gives to Sarah good instruction, tells her that her husband (her brother he calls him, to upbraid her with calling him so) must be to her for a covering of the eyes, that is, she must look at no other, nor desire to be looked at by any other. Note, Yoke-fellows must be to each other for a covering of the eyes. The marriage-covenant is a covenant with the eyes, like Job's, Job 31:1.

_ _ II. The kindness of a prophet which Abraham showed to Abimelech: he prayed for him, Genesis 20:17, Genesis 20:18. This honour God would put upon Abraham that, though Abimelech had restored Sarah, yet the judgment he was under should be removed upon the prayer of Abraham, and not before. Thus God healed Miriam, when Moses, whom she had most affronted, prayed for her (Numbers 12:13), and was reconciled to Job's friends when Job, whom they had grieved, prayed for them (Job 42:8-10), and so did, as it were, give it under his hand that he was reconciled to them. Note, The prayers of good men may be a kindness to great men, and ought to be valued.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 20:11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the fear of God [is] not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.
Genesis 12:16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.


Genesis 20:2 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She [is] my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.
Genesis 20:7 Now therefore restore the man [his] wife; for he [is] a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore [her] not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that [are] thine.
Genesis 12:19-20 Why saidst thou, She [is] my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take [her], and go thy way. ... And Pharaoh commanded [his] men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.
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Gn 12:16, 19; 20:2, 7, 11.

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