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Genesis 20:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister. And Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She [is] my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Abraham said of Sarah his wife, “She is my sister.” So Abimelech king of Gerar sent and took Sarah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, she is my sister: And Abimelech king of Gerar sent and took Sarah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister. And Abimelech the king of Gerar sent and took Sarah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Abraham said of Sarah his wife: My, sister, is she,—So Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Abraham saith concerning Sarah his wife, 'She is my sister;' and Abimelech king of Gerar sendeth and taketh Sarah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said of Sara his wife: She is my sister. So Abimelech the king of Gerara sent, and took her.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister: And Abimelech King of Gerar sent, and tooke Sarah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abraham{gr.Abraam} said concerning Sarah{gr.Sarrha} his wife, She is my sister, for he feared to say, She is my wife, lest at any time the men of the city should kill him for her sake. So Abimelech king of Gerar{gr.Gerara} sent and took Sarah{gr.Sarrha}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Avraham said of Sarah his wife, She [is] my sister: and Avimelekh king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Avrhm אַברָהָם 85
{0085} Prime
אַבְרָהָם
'Abraham
{ab-raw-hawm'}
Contracted from H0001 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of 413
{0413} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
r שָׂרָה 8283
{8283} Prime
שָׂרָה
Sarah
{saw-raw'}
The same as H8282; Sarah, Abraham's wife.
his wife, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
She x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] my sister: 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
and vmele אֲבִימֶלֶך 40
{0040} Prime
אֲבִימֶלֶךְ
'Abiymelek
{ab-ee-mel'-ek}
From H0001 and H4428; father of (the) king; Abimelek, the name of two Philistine kings and of two Israelites.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Grr גְּרָר 1642
{1642} Prime
גְּרָר
G@rar
{gher-awr'}
Probably from H1641; a rolling country; Gerar, a Philistine city.
sent, 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
r שָׂרָה. 8283
{8283} Prime
שָׂרָה
Sarah
{saw-raw'}
The same as H8282; Sarah, Abraham's wife.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 20:2

_ _ Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister — Fear of the people among whom he was, tempted him to equivocate. His conduct was highly culpable. It was deceit, deliberate and premeditated — there was no sudden pressure upon him — it was the second offense of the kind [see on Genesis 12:13] — it was a distrust of God every way surprising, and it was calculated to produce injurious effects on the heathen around. Its mischievous tendency was not long in being developed.

_ _ Abimelech (father-king) ... sent and took Sarah — to be one of his wives, in the exercise of a privilege claimed by Eastern sovereigns, already explained (see on Genesis 12:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 20:1-2.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 20:2

And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, (b) She [is] my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.

(b) Abraham had now twice fallen into this sin: such is man's frailty.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
said:

Genesis 12:11-13 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou [art] a fair woman to look upon: ... Say, I pray thee, thou [art] my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.
Genesis 26:7 And the men of the place asked [him] of his wife; and he said, She [is] my sister: for he feared to say, [She is] my wife; lest, [said he], the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah; because she [was] fair to look upon.
2 Chronicles 19:2 And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the LORD? therefore [is] wrath upon thee from before the LORD.
2 Chronicles 20:37 Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
2 Chronicles 32:31 Howbeit in [the business of] the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was [done] in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all [that was] in his heart.
Proverbs 24:16 For a just [man] falleth seven times, and riseth up again: but the wicked shall fall into mischief.
Ecclesiastes 7:20 For [there is] not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
Galatians 2:11-12 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. ... For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.
Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
Colossians 3:9 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds;

Abimelech:

Genesis 12:15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.
Genesis 26:1 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.
Genesis 26:16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go from us; for thou art much mightier than we.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 12:11, 15; 26:1, 7, 16. 2Ch 19:2; 20:37; 32:31. Pv 24:16. Ec 7:20. Ga 2:11. Ep 4:25. Col 3:9.

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