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Genesis 21:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah visited Sarah as he had said, and Jehovah did unto Sarah as he had spoken.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the LORD took note of Sarah as He had said, and the LORD did for Sarah as He had promised.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah as he had spoken.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah visited Sarah as he had said, and Jehovah did to Sarah as he had spoken.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, Yahweh, visited Sarah, as he had said,—And Yahweh did for Sarah, as he had spoken.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah hath looked after Sarah as He hath said, and Jehovah doth to Sarah as He hath spoken;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord visited Sara, as he had promised: and fulfilled what he had spoken.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did vnto Sarah as he had spoken.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord visited Sarah{gr.Sarrha}, as he said, and the Lord did to Sarah{gr.Sarrha}, as he spoke.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh visited Sarah as he had said, and Yahweh did unto Sarah as he had spoken.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
visited 6485
{6485} Prime
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
r שָׂרָה 8283
{8283} Prime
The same as H8282; Sarah, Abraham's wife.
as x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he had said, 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
did 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto r שָׂרָה 8283
{8283} Prime
The same as H8282; Sarah, Abraham's wife.
as x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he had spoken. 1696
{1696} Prime
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 21:1

_ _ Genesis 21:1-13. Birth of Isaac.

_ _ the Lord visited Sarah — The language of the historian seems designedly chosen to magnify the power of God as well as His faithfulness to His promise. It was God’s grace that brought about that event, as well as the raising of spiritual children to Abraham, of which the birth of this son was typical [Calvin].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 21:1-8

_ _ Long-looked-for comes at last. The vision concerning the promised seed is for an appointed time, and now, at the end, it speaks, and does not lie; few under the Old Testament were brought into the world with such expectation as Isaac was, not for the sake of any great person eminence at which he was to arrive, but because he was to be, in this very thin, a type of Christ, that seed which the holy God had so long promised and holy men so long expected. In this account of the first days of Isaac we may observe,

_ _ I. The fulfilling of God's promise in the conception and birth of Isaac, Genesis 21:1, Genesis 21:2. Note, God's providences look best and brightest when they are compared with his word, and when we observe how God, in them all, acts as he has said, as he has spoken. 1. Isaac was born according to the promise. The Lord visited Sarah in mercy, as he had said. Note, No word of God shall fall to the ground; for he is faithful that has promised, and God's faithfulness is the stay and support of his people's faith. He was born at the set time of which God had spoken, Genesis 21:2. Note, God is always punctual to his time; though his promised mercies come not at the time we set, they will certainly come at the time he sets, and that is the best time., 2. He was born by virtue of the promise: Sarah by faith received strength to conceive Hebrews 11:11. God therefore by promise gave that strength. It was not by the power of common providence, but by the power of a special promise, that Isaac was born. A sentence of death was, as it were, passed upon the second causes: Abraham was old, and Sarah old, and both as good as dead; and then the word of God took place. Note, True believers, by virtue of God's promises, are enabled to do that which is above the power of human nature, for by them they partake of a divine nature, 2 Peter 1:4.

_ _ II. Abraham's obedience to God's precept concerning Isaac.

_ _ 1. He named him, as God commanded him, Genesis 21:3. God directed him to a name for a memorial, Isaac, laughter; and Abraham, whose office it was, gave him that name, though he might have designed him some other name of a more pompous signification. Note, It is fit that the luxuriancy of human invention should always yield to the sovereignty and plainness of divine institution; yet there was good reason for the name, for, (1.) When Abraham received the promise of him he laughed for joy, Genesis 17:17. Note, When the sun of comfort has risen upon the soul it is good to remember how welcome the dawning of the day was, and with what exultation we embraced the promise. (2.) When Sarah received the promise she laughed with distrust and diffidence. Note, When God gives us the mercies we began to despair of we ought to remember with sorrow and shame our sinful distrusts of God's power and promise, when we were in pursuit of them. (3.) Isaac was himself, afterwards, laughed at by Ishmael (Genesis 21:9), and perhaps his name bade him expect it. Note, God's favourites are often the world's laughing-stocks. (4.) The promise which he was not only the son, but the heir of, was to be the joy of all the saints in all ages, and that which would fill their mouths with laughter.

_ _ 2. He circumcised him, Genesis 21:4. The covenant being established with him, the seal of the covenant was administered to him; and though a bloody ordinance, and he a darling, yet it must not be omitted, no, nor deferred beyond the eighth day. God had kept time in performing the promise, and therefore Abraham must keep time in obeying the precept.

_ _ III. The impressions which this mercy made upon Sarah.

_ _ 1. It filled her with joy (Genesis 21:6): “God has made me to laugh; he has given me both cause to rejoice and a heart to rejoice.” Thus the mother of our Lord, Luke 1:46, Luke 1:47. Note, (1.) God bestows mercies upon his people to encourage their joy in his work and service; and, whatever is the matter of our joy, God must be acknowledged as the author of it, unless it be the laughter of the fool. (2.) When mercies have been long deferred they are the more welcome when they come. (3.) It adds to the comfort of any mercy to have our friends rejoice with us in it: All that hear will laugh with me; for laughing is catching. See Luke 1:58. Others would rejoice in this instance of God's power and goodness, and be encouraged to trust in him. See Psalms 119:74.

_ _ 2. It filled her with wonder, Genesis 21:7. Observe here, (1.) What it was she thought so wonderful: That Sarah should give children suck, that she should, not only bear a child, but be so strong and hearty at the age as to give it suck. Note, Mothers, if they be able, ought to be nurses to their own children. Sarah was a person of quality, was aged; nursing might be thought prejudicial of herself, or to the child, or to both; she had choice of nurses, no doubt, in her own family: and yet she would do her duty in this matter; and her daughters the good wives are while they thus do well, 1 Peter 3:5, 1 Peter 3:6. See Lamentations 4:3. (2.) How she expressed her wonder: “Who would have said it? The thing was so highly improbable, so near to impossible, that if any one but God had said it we could not have believed it.” Note, God's favours to his covenant-people are such as surpass both their own and others' thoughts and expectations. Who could imagine that God should do so much for those that deserve so little, nay, for those that deserve so ill? See Ephesians 3:20; 2 Samuel 7:18, 2 Samuel 7:19. Who would have said that God should send his Son to die for us, his Spirit to sanctify us, his angels to attend us? Who would have said that such great sins should be pardoned, such mean services accepted, and such worthless worms taken into covenant and communion with the great and holy God?

_ _ IV. A short account of Isaac's infancy: The child grew, Genesis 21:8. Special notice is taken of this, though a thing of course, to intimate that the children of the promise are growing children. See Luke 1:80; Luke 2:40. Those that are born of God shall increase of God, Colossians 2:19. He grew so as not always to need milk, but was able to bear strong meat, and then he was weaned. See Hebrews 5:13, Hebrews 5:14. And then it was that Abraham made a great feast for his friends and neighbours, in thankfulness to God for his mercy to him. He made this feast, not on the day that Isaac was born, that would have been too great a disturbance to Sarah; nor on the day that he was circumcised, that would have been too great a diversion from the ordinance; but on the day that he was weaned, because God's blessing upon the nursing of children, and the preservation of them throughout the perils of the infant age, are signal instances of the care and tenderness of the divine providence, which ought to be acknowledged, to its praise. See Psalms 22:9, Psalms 22:10; Hosea 11:1.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 50:24 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
Exodus 3:16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and [seen] that which is done to you in Egypt:
Exodus 4:31 And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel, and that he had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.
Exodus 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
Ruth 1:6 Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread.
1 Samuel 2:21 And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bare three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD.
Psalms 106:4 Remember me, O LORD, with the favour [that thou bearest unto] thy people: O visit me with thy salvation;
Luke 1:68 Blessed [be] the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people,
Luke 19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
Romans 4:17-20 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, [even] God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. ... He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;

Sarah as:

Genesis 17:19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, [and] with his seed after him.
Genesis 18:10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard [it] in the tent door, which [was] behind him.
Genesis 18:14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.
Psalms 12:6 The words of the LORD [are] pure words: [as] silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
Galatians 4:23 But he [who was] of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman [was] by promise.
Galatians 4:28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
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Gn 17:19; 18:10, 14; 50:24. Ex 3:16; 4:31; 20:5. Ru 1:6. 1S 2:21. Ps 12:6; 106:4. Mt 24:35. Lk 1:68; 19:44. Ro 4:17. Ga 4:23, 28. Tit 1:2.

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