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Genesis 21:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God was with the lad, and he grew. And he dwelt in the wilderness, and became, as he grew up, an archer.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— God was with the lad, and he grew; and he lived in the wilderness and became an archer.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And God was with the lad, and he grew; and he dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, that God was with the boy, and he grew,—and dwelt in the desert, and he became, as he grew up, an archer.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and God is with the youth, and he groweth, and dwelleth in the wilderness, and is an archer;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And God was with him: and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became a young man, an archer.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And God was with the lad, and he grew, and dwelt in the wildernesse, and became an archer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And God was with the child, and he grew and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elohim was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
the lad; 5288
{5288} Prime
נַעַר
na`ar
{nah'-ar}
From H5287; (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication a servant; also (by interchange of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age).
and he grew, 1431
{1431} Prime
גָּדַל
gadal
{gaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to twist (compare H1434), that is, to be (causatively make) large (in various senses, as in body, mind, estate or honor, also in pride).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the wilderness, 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
and became x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
an archer. 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
7199
{7199} Prime
קַשָּׁת
qashshath
{kash-shawth'}
Intensive (as denominative) from H7198; a bowman.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 21:20-21

_ _ God was with the lad, etc. — Paran (that is, Arabia), where his posterity has ever dwelt (compare Genesis 16:12; also Isaiah 48:19; 1 Peter 1:25).

_ _ his mother took him a wife — On a father’s death, the mother looks out for a wife for her son, however young; and as Ishmael was now virtually deprived of his father, his mother set about forming a marriage connection for him, it would seem, among her relatives.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 21:14-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 21:20

And God was (i) with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.

(i) Concerning outward things God caused him to prosper.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
Genesis 28:15 And, behold, I [am] with thee, and will keep thee in all [places] whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done [that] which I have spoken to thee of.
Genesis 39:2-3 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian. ... And his master saw that the LORD [was] with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand.
Genesis 39:21 But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
Judges 6:12 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD [is] with thee, thou mighty man of valour.
Judges 13:24-25 And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. ... And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.
Luke 1:80 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel.
Luke 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.

an archer:

Genesis 10:9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.
Genesis 16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand [will be] against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
Genesis 25:27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob [was] a plain man, dwelling in tents.
Genesis 27:3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me [some] venison;
Genesis 49:23-24 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot [at him], and hated him: ... But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
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