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Genesis 21:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore he called that place Beer-sheba. Because there they sware both of them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore he called that place Beersheba; because there they sware both of them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore he called that place Beersheba, because there the two of them took an oath.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore he called that place Beer-sheba: because there they swore both of them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therefore he called that place Beer-sheba, because there they had sworn, both of them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— On this account, was the name of that place called Beer-sheba [="oath well"],—because, there, had they two sworn.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— therefore hath he called that place 'Beer-Sheba,' for there have both of them sworn.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore that place was called Bersabee; because there both of them did swear.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore he called that place, Beer-sheba: because there they sware both of them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore he named the name of that place, The Well of the Oath, for there they both swore.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore he called that place Beer Sheva; because there they sware both of them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
he called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
Br eva` בְּאֵר־שֶׁבַע; 884
{0884} Prime
בְּאֵר־שֶׁבַע
B@'er Sheba`
{be-ayr' sheh'-bah}
From H0875 and H7651 (in the sense of H7650); well of an oath; Beer Sheba, a place in Palestine.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
they sware 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
both x8147
(8147) Complement
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
of them. y8147
[8147] Standard
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 21:25-31.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 21:22-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 21:31

Beer — sheba — That is, the well of the oath, in remembrance of the covenant that they sware to, that they might be ever mindful of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
called:

Genesis 26:33 And he called it Shebah: therefore the name of the city [is] Beersheba unto this day.

Beersheba:
i.e., The well of the oath, or the well of the seven. Alluding to the seven ewe lambs. The verb rendered "to swear" is derived from the word translated seven.
Genesis 21:14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave [it] unto Hagar, putting [it] on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.
Genesis 26:23 And he went up from thence to Beersheba.
Joshua 15:28 And Hazarshual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah,
Judges 20:1 Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba, with the land of Gilead, unto the LORD in Mizpeh.
2 Samuel 17:11 Therefore I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto thee, from Dan even to Beersheba, as the sand that [is] by the sea for multitude; and that thou go to battle in thine own person.
1 Kings 4:25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.
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Gn 21:14; 26:23, 33. Jsh 15:28. Jg 20:1. 2S 17:11. 1K 4:25.

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