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Genesis 21:33 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And [Abraham] planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of Jehovah, the Everlasting God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [Abraham] planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Abraham] planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Everlasting God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [Abraham] planted a grove in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And [Abraham] planted a tamarisk in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of Jehovah, the Eternal *God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then planted he a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba,—and called there on the name of Yahweh, the age-abiding GOD.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and [Abraham] planteth a tamarisk in Beer-Sheba, and preacheth there in the name of Jehovah, God age-during;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Abimelech and Phicol, the general of his army, arose and returned to the land of the Palestines. But Abraham planted a grove in Bersabee, and there called upon the name of the Lord God eternal.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And [Abraham] planted a groue in Beer-sheba, and called there on the Name of the LORD, the euerlasting God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abraham{gr.Abraam} planted a field at the well of the oath, and called there on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And [Avraham] planted a grove in Beer Sheva, and called there on the name of Yahweh, the everlasting El.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And [Avrhm אַברָהָם] planted 5193
{5193} Prime
נָטַע
nata`
{naw-tah'}
A primitive root; properly to strike in, that is, fix; specifically to plant (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a grove 815
{0815} Prime
אֶשֶׁל
'eshel
{ay'-shel}
From a root of uncertain signification; a tamarisk tree; by extension a grove of any kind.
in Br eva` בְּאֵר־שֶׁבַע, 884
{0884} Prime
בְּאֵר־שֶׁבַע
B@'er Sheba`
{be-ayr' sheh'-bah}
From H0875 and H7651 (in the sense of H7650); well of an oath; Beer Sheba, a place in Palestine.
and called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
on the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
the everlasting 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
l אֵל. 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 21:33

_ _ Abraham planted a groveHebrew, “of tamarisks,” in which sacrificial worship was offered, as in a roofless temple.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 21:33-34

_ _ Observe, 1. Abraham, having got into a good neighbourhood, knew when he was well off, and continued a great while there. There he planted a grove for a shade to his tent, or perhaps an orchard of fruit-trees; and there, though we cannot say he settled, for God would have him, while he lived, to be a stranger and a pilgrim, yet he sojourned many days, as many as would consist with his character, as Abraham the Hebrew, or passenger. 2. There he made, not only a constant practice, but an open profession, of his religion: There he called on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God, probably in the grove he planted, which was his oratory or house of prayer. Christ prayed in a garden, on a mountain. (1.) Abraham kept up public worship, to which, probably, his neighbours resorted, that they might join with him. Note, Good men should not only retain their goodness wherever they go, but do all they can to propagate it, and make others good. (2.) In calling on the Lord, we must eye him as the everlasting God, the God of the world, so some. Though God had made himself known to Abraham as his God in particular, and in covenant with him, yet he forgets not to give glory to him as the Lord of all: The everlasting God, who was, before all worlds, and will be, when time and days shall be no more. See Isaiah 40:28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 21:33

And Abraham planted a grove — For a shade to his tent, or perhaps an orchard of fruit trees; and there, though we cannot say he settled, for God would have him while he lived to be a stranger and a pilgrim, yet he sojourned many days. And called there on the name of the Lord — Probably in the grove he planted, which was his oratory, or house of prayer: he kept up publick worship, to which probably his neighbours resorted, and joined with him. Men should not only retain their goodness wherever they go, but do all they can to propagate it, and make others good. The everlasting God — Though God had made himself known to Abraham as his God in particular; yet he forgets not to give glory to him as the Lord of all, the everlasting God, who was before all worlds, and will be when time and days shall be no more.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 21:33

And [Abraham] planted a grove in Beersheba, and (n) called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.

(n) That is, he worshipped God in all points of true religion.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
grove:
or, tree,
Amos 8:14 They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Thy god, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall, and never rise up again.
; The original word eshel, has been variously translated a grove, a plantation, an orchard, a cultivated field, and an oak; but it may denote a kind of tamarisk, as it is rendered by Gesenius, the same with the Arabic athl.

Beersheba:

Deuteronomy 16:21 Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees near unto the altar of the LORD thy God, which thou shalt make thee.
Judges 3:7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.

called:

Genesis 4:26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.
Genesis 12:8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, [having] Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD.
Genesis 26:23 And he went up from thence to Beersheba.
Genesis 26:25 And he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there: and there Isaac's servants digged a well.
Genesis 26:33 And he called it Shebah: therefore the name of the city [is] Beersheba unto this day.

on the name:
Dr. Shuckford justly contends, that the expression rendered, "he called on the name," signifies "he invoked in the name."

everlasting:

Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God [is thy] refuge, and underneath [are] the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy [them].
Psalms 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou [art] God.
Isaiah 40:28 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, [that] the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? [there is] no searching of his understanding.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:26; 12:8; 26:23, 25, 33. Dt 16:21; 33:27. Jg 3:7. Ps 90:2. Is 40:28; 57:15. Jr 10:10. Am 8:14. Ro 1:20; 16:26. 1Ti 1:17.

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