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Genesis 22:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the angel of Jehovah called unto Abraham a second time out of heaven,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven the second time,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Angel of Jehovah called to Abraham from the heavens a second time,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then called out the messenger of Yahweh, unto Abraham,—a second time, out of the heavens;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the messenger of Jehovah calleth unto Abraham a second time from the heavens,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven, saying:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Angel of the LORD called vnto Abraham out of heauen the second time,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And an angel of the Lord called Abraham{gr.Abraam} the second time out of heaven, saying,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the angel of Yahweh called unto Avraham out of heaven the second time,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the angel 4397
{4397} Prime
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, that is, an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher).
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
called 7121
{7121} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Avrhm אַברָהָם 85
{0085} Prime
Contracted from H0001 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram.
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
heaven 8064
{8064} Prime
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
the second time, 8145
{8145} Prime
From H8138; properly double, that is, second; also adverbially again.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 22:13-19.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 22:15-19

_ _ Abraham's obedience was graciously accepted; but this was not all: here we have it recompensed, abundantly recompensed, before he stirred from the place; probably while the ram he had sacrificed was yet burning God sent him this gracious message, renewed and ratified his covenant with him. All covenants were made by sacrifice, so was this by the typical sacrifices of Isaac and the ram. Very high expressions of God's favour to Abraham are employed in this confirmation of the covenant with him, expressions exceeding any he had yet been blessed with. Note, Extraordinary services shall be crowned with extraordinary honours and comforts; and favours in the promise, though not yet performed, ought to be accounted real and valuable recompences. Observe, 1. God is pleased to make mention of Abraham's obedience as the consideration of the covenant; and he speaks of it with an encomium: Because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son, Genesis 22:16. He lays a strong emphasis on this, and (Genesis 22:18) praises it as an act of obedience: in it thou hast obeyed my voice, and to obey is better than sacrifice. Not that this was a proportionable consideration, but God graciously put this honour upon that by which Abraham had honoured him. 2. God now confirmed the promise with an oath. It was said and sealed before; but now it is sworn: By myself have I sworn; for he could swear by no greater, Hebrews 6:13. Thus he interposed himself by an oath, as the apostle expresses it, Hebrews 6:17. He did (to speak with reverence) even pawn his own life and being upon it (As I live), that by all those immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, he and his might have strong consolation. Note, If we exercise faith, God will encourage it. Improve the promises, and God will ratify them. 3. The particular promise here renewed is that of a numerous offspring: Multiplying, I will multiply thee, Genesis 22:17. Note, Those that are willing to part with any thing for God shall have it made up to them with unspeakable advantage. Abraham has but one son, and is willing to part with that one, in obedience to God. “Well,” said God, “thou shalt be recompensed with thousands and millions.” What a figure does the seed of Abraham make in history! How numerous, how illustrious, were his known descendants, who, to this day, triumph in this, that they have Abraham to their father! Thus he received a thousand-fold in this life, Matthew 19:29. 4. The promise, doubtless, points at the Messiah, and the grace of the gospel. This is the oath sworn to our father Abraham, which Zacharias refers to, Luke 1:73, etc. And so here is a promise, (1.) Of the great blessing of the Spirit: In blessing, I will bless thee, namely, with that best of blessings the Gift of the Holy Ghost; the promise of the Spirit was that blessing of Abraham which was to come upon the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, Galatians 3:14. (2.) Of the increase of the church that believers, his spiritual seed, should be numerous as the stars of heaven. (3.) Of spiritual victories: Thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. Believers, by their faith, overcome the world, and triumph over all the powers of darkness, and are more than conquerors. Probably Zacharias refers to this part of the oath (Luke 1:74), That we, being delivered out of the hand of our enemies, might serve him without fear. But the crown of all is the last promise. (4.) Of the incarnation of Christ: In thy see, one particular person that shall descend from thee (for he speaks not of many, but of one, as the apostle observers, Galatians 3:16), shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, or shall bless themselves, as the phrase is, Isaiah 65:16. In him all may be happy if they will, and all that belong to him shall be so, and shall think themselves so. Christ is the great blessing of the world. Abraham was ready to give up his son for a sacrifice to the honour of God, and, on that occasion, God promised to give his Son a sacrifice for the salvation of man.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 22:15

And the Angel — Christ. Called unto Abraham — Probably while the ram was yet burning. Very high expressions are here of God's favour to Abraham, above any he had yet been blessed with.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 22:11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here [am] I.
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