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Genesis 22:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and said, By myself have I sworn, saith Jehovah, because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son]:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thy only [son]:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and said, By myself I swear, saith Jehovah, that, because thou hast done this, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son],
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and said, By myself, have I sworn is the oracle of Yahweh,—Because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only one,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and saith, 'By Myself I have sworn—the affirmation of Jehovah—that because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only one—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By my own self have I sworn, saith the Lord: because thou hast done this thing, and hast not spared thy only begotten son for my sake:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And said, By my selfe haue I sworne, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy sonne, thine onely sonne,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I have sworn by myself, says the Lord, because thou hast done this thing, and on my account hast not spared thy beloved son,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And said, By myself have I sworn, saith Yahweh, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son]:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
By myself have I sworn, 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
because 3282
{3282} Prime
יַעַן
ya`an
{yah'-an}
From an unused root meaning to pay attention; properly heed; by implication purpose (sake or account); used adverbially to indicate the reason or cause.
834
{0834} Prime
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
thou hast done 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
thing, 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
and hast not 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
withheld 2820
{2820} Prime
חָשַׂךְ
chasak
{khaw-sak'}
A prim root; to restrain or (reflexively) refrain; by implication to refuse, spare, preserve; also (by interchange with H2821) to observe.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
thy son, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
thine only 3173
{3173} Prime
יָחִיד
yachiyd
{yaw-kheed'}
From H3161; properly united, that is, sole; by implication beloved; also lonely; (feminine) the life (as not to be replace).
[son]:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 22:13-19.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 22:15-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 22:16

Because thou hast done this thing, and hast not with — held thy son, thine only son — He lays a mighty emphasis upon that, and Genesis 22:18, praises it as an act of obedience, in it thou hast obeyed my voice. By myself have I sworn — For he could swear by no greater.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 22:16

And said, By (h) myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son]:

(h) Signifying, that there is none greater then he.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
Psalms 105:9 Which [covenant] he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac;
Isaiah 45:23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
Jeremiah 49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.
Jeremiah 51:14 The LORD of hosts hath sworn by himself, [saying], Surely I will fill thee with men, as with caterpillers; and they shall lift up a shout against thee.
Amos 6:8 The Lord GOD hath sworn by himself, saith the LORD the God of hosts, I abhor the excellency of Jacob, and hate his palaces: therefore will I deliver up the city with all that is therein.
Luke 1:73 The oath which he sware to our father Abraham,
Romans 4:13-14 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, [was] not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. ... For if they which are of the law [be] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:
Hebrews 6:13-14 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, ... Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 12:2. Ps 105:9. Is 45:23. Jr 49:13; 51:14. Am 6:8. Lk 1:73. Ro 4:13. He 6:13.

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