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Genesis 23:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Sarah died in Kiriath-arba (the same is Hebron), in the land of Canaan. And Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same [is] Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Sarah died in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan; and Abraham went in to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba; the same [is] Hebron in the land of Canaan: And Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Sarah died in Kirjath-Arba: that is Hebron, in the land of Canaan. And Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Sarah died in Kiriath-arba, the same, is Hebron, in the land of Canaan,—and Abraham went in to wail for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Sarah dieth in Kirjath-Arba, which [is] Hebron, in the land of Caanan, and Abraham goeth in to mourn for Sarah, and to bewail her.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And she died in the city of Arbee which is Hebron, in the land of Chanaan: and Abraham came to mourn and weep for her.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Sarah died in Kiriath-arba, the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan: And Abraham came to mourne for Sarah, and to weepe for her.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Sarah{gr.Sarrha} died in the city of Arboc, which is in the valley, this is Hebron{gr.Chebron} in the land of Canaan{gr.Chanaan}; and Abraham{gr.Abraam} came to lament for Sarah{gr.Sarrha} and to mourn.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Sarah died in Qiryath Arba; the same [is] Chevron in the land of Kenaan: and Avraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And r שָׂרָה 8283
{8283} Prime
שָׂרָה
Sarah
{saw-raw'}
The same as H8282; Sarah, Abraham's wife.
died 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in Kirya Arba` קִריַת־אַרבַּע; 7153
{7153} Prime
קִרְיַת אַרְבַּע
Qiryath `Arba`
{keer-yath' ar-bah'}
The second form, used in Nehemiah 11:25, has the article interposed; from H7151 and H0704 or H0702; city of Arba, or city of the four (giants); Kirjath-Arba or Kirjath-ha-Arba, a place in Palestine.
the same x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] evrn חֶברוֹן 2275
{2275} Prime
חֶבְרוֹן
Chebrown
{kheb-rone'}
From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites.
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Cn`an כְּנָעַן: 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
and Avrhm אַברָהָם 85
{0085} Prime
אַבְרָהָם
'Abraham
{ab-raw-hawm'}
Contracted from H0001 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to mourn 5594
{5594} Prime
סָפַד
caphad
{saw-fad'}
A primitive root; properly to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication to wail.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
for r שָׂרָה, 8283
{8283} Prime
שָׂרָה
Sarah
{saw-raw'}
The same as H8282; Sarah, Abraham's wife.
and to weep 1058
{1058} Prime
בָּכָה
bakah
{baw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to weep; generally to bemoan.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
for her.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 23:2

_ _ Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, etc. — He came from his own tent to take his station at the door of Sarah’s. The “mourning” describes his conformity to the customary usage of sitting on the ground for a time; while the “weeping” indicates the natural outburst of his sorrow.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 23:1-2.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 23:2

Abraham came to mourn for Sarah and to weep — He did not only perform the ceremonies of mourning according to the custom of those times, but did sincerely lament the great loss he had, and gave proof of the constancy of his affection. Therefore these two words are used, he came both to mourn and to weep.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Kirjatharba:

Genesis 23:19 And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the same [is] Hebron in the land of Canaan.
Genesis 13:18 Then Abram removed [his] tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which [is] in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD.
Numbers 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, [were]. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
Joshua 10:39 And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that [were] therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.
Joshua 14:14-15 Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel. ... And the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba; [which Arba was] a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
Joshua 20:7 And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and Kirjatharba, which [is] Hebron, in the mountain of Judah.
Judges 1:10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.
1 Samuel 20:31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.
2 Samuel 2:11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
2 Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
2 Samuel 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
1 Chronicles 6:57 And to the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of Judah, [namely], Hebron, [the city] of refuge, and Libnah with her suburbs, and Jattir, and Eshtemoa, with their suburbs,

came:
For the convenience of feeding his numerous flocks, Abraham had several places of temporary residence; and it is likely, that while he sojourned at Beer-sheba, as we find he did from
Genesis 23:19 And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the same [is] Hebron in the land of Canaan.
of the preceding chapter, Sarah died at Hebron, which was 24 miles distant.

mourn:

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.
Genesis 50:10 And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which [is] beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days.
Numbers 20:29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, [even] all the house of Israel.
Deuteronomy 34:8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping [and] mourning for Moses were ended.
1 Samuel 28:3 Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
2 Samuel 1:12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
2 Samuel 1:17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:
2 Chronicles 35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they [are] written in the lamentations.
Jeremiah 22:10 Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him: [but] weep sore for him that goeth away: for he shall return no more, nor see his native country.
Jeremiah 22:18 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, [saying], Ah my brother! or, Ah sister! they shall not lament for him, [saying], Ah lord! or, Ah his glory!
Ezekiel 24:16-18 Son of man, behold, I take away from thee the desire of thine eyes with a stroke: yet neither shalt thou mourn nor weep, neither shall thy tears run down. ... So I spake unto the people in the morning: and at even my wife died; and I did in the morning as I was commanded.
John 11:31 The Jews then which were with her in the house, and comforted her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up hastily and went out, followed her, saying, She goeth unto the grave to weep there.
John 11:35 Jesus wept.
Acts 8:2 And devout men carried Stephen [to his burial], and made great lamentation over him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 13:18; 23:19; 27:41; 50:10. Nu 13:22; 20:29. Dt 34:8. Jsh 10:39; 14:14; 20:7. Jg 1:10. 1S 20:31; 28:3. 2S 1:12, 17; 2:11; 5:3, 5. 1Ch 6:57. 2Ch 35:25. Jr 22:10, 18. Ezk 24:16. Jn 11:31, 35. Ac 8:2.

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