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Genesis 25:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments. Twelve princes according to their nations.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These [are] the sons of Ishmael, and these [are] their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages, and by their camps; twelve princes according to their tribes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These [are] the sons of Ishmael, and these [are] their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, in their hamlets and their encampments—twelve princes of their peoples.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— these same, are the sons of Ishmael, and, these, their names, by their villages, and by their encampments,—twelve princes, after their tribes.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— these are sons of Ishmael, and these their names, by their villages, and by their towers; twelve princes according to their peoples.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These are the sons of Ismael: and these are their names by their castles and towns, twelve princes of their tribes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These are the sonnes of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their townes and by their castels; twelue princes according to their nations.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— These [are] the sons of Ishmael{gr.Ismael}, and these are their names in their tents and in their dwellings, twelve princes according to their nations.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— These [are] the sons of Yishmael, and these [are] their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yim`l יִשׁמָעֵאל, 3458
{3458} Prime
יִשְׁמָעֵאל
Yishma`e'l
{yish-maw-ale'}
From H8085 and H0410; God will hear; Jishmael, the name of Abraham's oldest son, and of five Israelites.
and these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] their names, 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
by their towns, 2691
{2691} Prime
חָצֵר
chatser
{khaw-tsare'}
From H2690 in its original sense; a yard (as inclosed by a fence); also a hamlet (as similarly surrounded with walls).
and by their castles; 2918
{2918} Prime
טִירָה
tiyrah
{tee-raw'}
Feminine of (an equivalent to) H2905; a wall; hence a fortress or a hamlet.
twelve 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
6240
{6240} Prime
עָשָׂר
`asar
{aw-sawr'}
For H6235; ten (only in combination), that is, the 'teens'; also (ordinal) a 'teenth'.
princes 5387
{5387} Prime
נָשִׂיא
nasiy'
{naw-see'}
From H5375; properly an exalted one, that is, a king or sheik; also a rising mist.
according to their nations. 523
{0523} Prime
אֻמָּה
'ummah
{oom-maw'}
From the same as H0517; a collection, that is, community of persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 25:11-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
castles:
The word tiroth, rendered "castles," is supposed by some to denote here "towers," fortified rocks, or mountain-tops, and fastnesses of various kinds in woods and hilly countries; but it rather means, "shepherds' cots," surrounded by sufficient enclosures to prevent the cattle from straying, as the cognate Syriac word teyaro, and Arabic tawar, signify "a sheep-fold."

twelve:

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
Genesis 17:23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
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Gn 17:20, 23.

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