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Genesis 26:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phicol the captain of his host.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the chief captain of his army.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Abimelech came to him from Gerar with his adviser Ahuzzath and Phicol the commander of his army.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the chief captain of his army.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Abimelech, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phichol the captain of his host, went to him from Gerar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, Abimelech, came unto him from Gerar,—with Ahuzzath his friend, and Phicol, commander of his host.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Abimelech hath gone unto him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phichol head of his host;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To which place when Abimelech, and Ochozath his friend, and Phicol chief captain of his soldiers, came from Gerara,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the chiefe captaine of his armie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abimelech came to him from Gerar{gr.Gerara}, and so did Ochozath his friend, and Phichol the commander-in-chief of his army.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Avimelekh went to him from Gerar, and Achuzzath one of his friends, and Pikhol the chief captain of his army.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then vmele אֲבִימֶלֶך 40
{0040} Prime
אֲבִימֶלֶךְ
'Abiymelek
{ab-ee-mel'-ek}
From H0001 and H4428; father of (the) king; Abimelek, the name of two Philistine kings and of two Israelites.
went 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him from Grr גְּרָר, 1642
{1642} Prime
גְּרָר
G@rar
{gher-awr'}
Probably from H1641; a rolling country; Gerar, a Philistine city.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and uzza אֲחֻזַּת 276
{0276} Prime
אֲחֻזַּת
'Achuzzath
{akh-ooz-zath'}
A variation of H0272; possession; Achuzzath, a Philistine.
one of his friends, 4828
{4828} Prime
מֵרֵעַ
merea`
{may-ray'-ah}
From H7462 in the sense of companionship; a friend.
and Pl פִּיכֹל 6369
{6369} Prime
פִּיכֹל
Piykol
{pee-kole'}
Apparently from H6310 and H3605; mouth of all; Picol, a Phillistine.
the chief captain 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of his army. 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 26:26-33

_ _ Then Abimelech went to him — As there was a lapse of ninety years between the visit of Abraham and of Isaac, the Abimelech and Phichol spoken of must have been different persons’ official titles. Here is another proof of the promise (Genesis 12:2) being fulfilled, in an overture of peace being made to him by the king of Gerar. By whatever motive the proposal was dictated — whether fear of his growing power, or regret for the bad usage they had given him, the king and two of his courtiers paid a visit to the tent of Isaac (Proverbs 16:7). His timid and passive temper had submitted to the annoyances of his rude neighbors; but now that they wish to renew the covenant, he evinces deep feeling at their conduct, and astonishment at their assurance, or artifice, in coming near him. Being, however, of a pacific disposition, Isaac forgave their offense, accepted their proposals, and treated them to the banquet by which the ratification of a covenant was usually crowned.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 26:26-33

_ _ We have here the contests that had been between Isaac and the Philistines issuing in a happy peace and reconciliation.

_ _ I. Abimelech pays a friendly visit to Isaac, in token of the respect he had for him, Genesis 26:26. Note, When a man's ways please the Lord he makes even his enemies to be at peace with him, Proverbs 16:7. King's hearts are in his hands, and when he pleases he can turn them to favour his people.

_ _ II. Isaac prudently and cautiously questions his sincerity in this visit, Genesis 26:27. Note, In settling friendships and correspondences, there is need of the wisdom of the serpent, as well as the innocence of the dove; nor is it any transgression of the law of meekness and love plainly to signify our strong perception of injuries received, and to stand upon our guard in dealing with those that have acted unfairly.

_ _ III. Abimelech professes his sincerity, in this address to Isaac, and earnestly courts his friendship, Genesis 26:28, Genesis 26:29. Some suggest that Abimelech pressed for this league with him because he feared lest Isaac, growing rich, should, some time or other, avenge himself upon them for the injuries he had received. However, he professes to do it rather from a principle of love. 1. He makes the best of their behaviour towards him. Isaac complained they had hated him, and sent him away. No, said Abimelech, we sent thee away in peace. They turned him off from the land he held of them; but they suffered him to take away his stock, and all his effects, with him. Note, The lessening of injuries is necessary to the preserving of friendship; for the aggravating of them exasperates and widens breaches. The unkindness done to us might have been worse. 2. He acknowledges the token of God's favour to him, and makes this the ground of their desire to be in league with him: The Lord is with thee, and thou art the blessed of the Lord. As if he had said, “Be persuaded to overlook and pass by the injuries offered thee; for God had abundantly made up to thee the damage thou receivedst.” Note, Those whom God blesses and favours have reason enough to forgive those who hate them, since the worst enemy they have cannot do them any real hurt. Or, “For this reason we desire thy friendship, because God is with thee.” Note, It is good to be in covenant and communion with those who are in covenant and communion with God, 1 John 1:3; present address to him was the result of mature deliberation: We said, Let there be an oath between us. Whatever some of his peevish envious subjects might mean otherwise, he and his prime-ministers of state, whom he had now brought with him, designed no other than a cordial friendship. Perhaps Abimelech had received, by tradition, the warning God gave to his predecessor not to hurt Abraham (Genesis 20:7), and this made him stand in such awe of Isaac, who appeared to be as much the favourite of Heaven as Abraham was.

_ _ IV. Isaac entertains him and his company, and enters into a league of friendship with him, Genesis 26:30, Genesis 26:31. Here see how generous the good man was, 1. In giving: He made them a feast, and bade them welcome. (2.) In forgiving. He did not insist upon the unkindnesses they had done him, but freely entered into a covenant of friendship with them, and bound himself never to do them any injury. Note, Religion teaches us to be neighbourly, and, as much as in us lies, to live peaceably with all men.

_ _ V. Providence smiled upon what Isaac did; for the same day that he made this covenant with Abimelech his servants brought him the tidings of a well of water they had found, Genesis 26:32, Genesis 26:33. He did not insist upon the restitution of the wells which the Philistines had unjustly taken from him, lest this should break off the treaty, but sat down silent under the injury; and, to recompense him for this, immediately he is enriched with a new well, which, because it suited so well to the occurrence of the day, he called by an old name, Beer-sheba, The well of the oath.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Abimelech:

Genesis 20:3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou [art but] a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she [is] a man's wife.
Genesis 21:22-32 And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, God [is] with thee in all that thou doest: ... Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba: then Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into the land of the Philistines.

Phichol:
Phichol, as well as Abimelech, "father king," seems to have been a name of office or dignity among the Philistines; for it is not probable that they were the same as are mentioned in the days of Abraham (
Genesis 21:22 And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, God [is] with thee in all that thou doest:
Genesis 21:32 Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba: then Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into the land of the Philistines.
).
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Gn 20:3; 21:22, 32.

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