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Genesis 28:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely Jehovah is in this place. And I knew it not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew [it] not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, “Surely the LORD is in this place, and I did not know it.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew [it] not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jacob awoke from his sleep, and said, Surely Jehovah is in this place, and I knew [it] not.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Jacob awoke from his sleep, and said, Surely, Yahweh was in this place, And, I, knew it not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jacob awaketh out of his sleep, and saith, 'Surely Jehovah is in this place, and I knew not;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when Jacob awaked out of sleep, he said: Indeed the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Iacob awaked out of his sleepe, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place, and I knew it not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and said, The Lord is in this place, and I knew it not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yaaqov awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely Yahweh is in this place; and I knew [it] not.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
awaked 3364
{3364} Prime
יָקַץ
yaqats
{yaw-kats'}
A primitive root; to awake (intransitively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
out of his sleep, 8142
{8142} Prime
שֵׁנָה
shehah
{shay-naw'}
(The second form used in Psalms 127:2); from H3462; sleep.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Surely 403
{0403} Prime
אָכֵן
'aken
{aw-kane'}
From H3559 (compare H3651); firmly; figuratively surely; also (adversely) but.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
is 3426
{3426} Prime
יֵשׁ
yesh
{yaysh}
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
in this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
place; 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
and I x595
(0595) Complement
אָנֹכִי
'anokiy
{aw-no-kee'}
A primitive pronoun; I.
knew 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[it] not. x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 28:16

_ _ Jacob awaked out of his sleep — His language and his conduct were alike that of a man whose mind was pervaded by sentiments of solemn awe, of fervent piety, and lively gratitude (Jeremiah 31:36).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 28:16-22

_ _ God manifested himself and his favour to Jacob when he was asleep and purely passive; for the spirit, like the wind, blows when and where he listeth, and God's grace, like the dew, tarrieth not for the sons of men, Micah 5:7. But Jacob applied himself to the improvement of the visit God had made him when he was awake; and we may well think he awaked, as the prophet did (Jeremiah 31:26), and behold his sleep was sweet to him. Here is much of Jacob's devotion on this occasion.

_ _ I. He expressed a great surprise at the tokens he had of God's special presence with him in that place: Surely the Lord is in this place and I knew it not, Genesis 28:16. Note, 1. God's manifestations of himself to his people carry their own evidence along with them. God can give undeniable demonstrations of his presence, such as give abundant satisfaction to the souls of the faithful that God is with them of a truth, satisfaction not communicable to others, but convincing to themselves. 2. We sometimes meet with God where we little thought of meeting with him. He is where we did not think he had been, is found where we asked not for him. No place excludes divine visits (Genesis 16:13, here also); wherever we are, in the city or in the desert, in the house or in the field, in the shop or in the street, we may keep up our intercourse with Heaven if it be not our own fault.

_ _ II. It struck an awe upon him (Genesis 28:17): He was afraid; so far was he from being puffed up, and exalted above measure, with the abundance of the revelations (2 Corinthians 12:7), that he was afraid. Note, The more we see of God the more cause we see for holy trembling and blushing before him. Those to whom God is pleased to manifest himself are thereby laid, and kept, very low in their own eyes, and see cause to fear even the Lord and his goodness, Hosea 3:5. He said, How dreadful is this place! that is, “The appearance of God in this place is never to be thought of, but with a holy awe and reverence. I shall have a respect for this place, and remember it by this token, as long as I live:” not that he thought the place itself any nearer the divine visions than other places; but what he saw there at this time was, as it were, the house of God, the residence of the divine Majesty, and the gate of heaven, that is, the general rendezvous of the inhabitants of the upper world, as the meetings of a city were in their gates; or the angels ascending and descending were like travellers passing and re-passing through the gates of a city. Note, 1. God is in a special manner present where his grace is revealed and where his covenants are published and sealed, as of old by the ministry of angels, so now by instituted ordinances, Matthew 28:20. 2. Where God meets us with his special presence we ought to meet him with the most humble reverence, remembering his justice and holiness, and our own meanness and vileness.

_ _ III. He took care to preserve the memorial of it two ways: 1. He set up the stone for a pillar (Genesis 28:18); not as if he thought the visions of his head were any way owing to the stone on which it lay, but thus he would mark the place against he came back, and erect a lasting monument of God's favour to him, and because he had not time now to build an altar here, as Abraham did in the places where God appeared to him, Genesis 12:7. He therefore poured oil on the top of this stone, which probably was the ceremony then used in dedicating their altars, as an earnest of his building an altar when he should have conveniences for it, as afterwards he did, in gratitude to God for this vision, Genesis 35:7. Note, Grants of mercy call for returns of duty, and the sweet communion we have with God ought ever to be remembered. 2. He gave a new name to the place, Genesis 28:19. It had been called Luz, an almond-tree; but he will have it henceforward called Beth-el, the house of God. This gracious appearance of God to him put a greater honour upon it, and made it more remarkable, than all the almond-trees that flourished there. This is that Beth-el where, long after, it is said, God found Jacob, and there (in what he said to him) he spoke with us, Hosea 12:4. In process of time, this Beth-el, the house of God, became Beth-aven, a house of vanity and iniquity, when Jeroboam set up one of his calves there.

_ _ IV. He made a solemn vow upon this occasion, Genesis 28:20-22. By religious vows we give glory to God, own our dependence upon him, and lay a bond upon our own souls to engage and quicken our obedience to him. Jacob was now in fear and distress; and it is seasonable to make vows in times of trouble, or when we are in pursuit of any special mercy, Jonah 1:16; Psalms 66:13, Psalms 66:14; 1 Samuel 1:11; Numbers 21:1-3. Jacob had now had a gracious visit from heaven. God had renewed his covenant with him, and the covenant is mutual. When God ratifies his promises to us, it is proper for us to repeat our promises to him. Now in this vow observe, 1. Jacob's faith. God had said (Genesis 28:15), I am with thee, and will keep thee. Jacob takes hold of this, and infers, “Seeing God will be with me, and will keep me, as he hath said, and (which is implied in that promise) will provide comfortably for me, — and seeing he has promised to bring me again to this land, that is, to the house of my father, whom I hope to find alive at my return in peace” (so unlike was he to Esau who longed for the days of mourning for his father), — “I depend upon it.” Note, God's promises are to be the guide and measure of our desires and expectations. 2. Jacob's modesty and great moderation in his desires. He will cheerfully content himself with bread to eat, and raiment to put on; and, though God's promise had now made him heir to a very great estate, yet he indents not for soft clothing and dainty meat. Agur's wish is his, Feed me with food convenient for me; and see 1 Timothy 6:8. Nature is content with a little, and grace with less. Those that have most have, in effect, no more for themselves than food and raiment; of the overplus they have only either the keeping or the giving, not the enjoyment: if God give us more, we are bound to be thankful, and to use it for him; if he give us but this, we are bound to be content, and cheerfully to enjoy him in it. 3. Jacob's piety, and his regard to God, which appear here, (1.) In what he desired, that God would be with him and keep him. Note, We need desire no more to make us easy and happy, wherever we are, than to have God's presence with us and to be under his protection. It is comfortable, in a journey, to have a guide in an unknown way, a guard in a dangerous way, to be well carried, well provided for, and to have good company in any way; and those that have God with them have all this in the best manner. (2.) In what he designed. His resolution is, [1.] In general, to cleave to the Lord, as his God in covenant: Then shall the Lord be my God. Not as if he would disown him and cast him off if he should want food and raiment; no, though he slay us, we must cleave to him; but “then I will rejoice in him as my God; then I will more strongly engage myself to abide with him.” Note, Every mercy we receive from God should be improved as an additional obligation upon us to walk closely with him as our God. [2.] In particular, that he would perform some special acts of devotion, in token of his gratitude. First, “This pillar shall keep possession here till I come back in peace, and then it shall be God's house,” that is, “an altar shall be erected here to the honour of God.” Secondly, “The house of god shall not be unfurnished, nor his altar without a sacrifice: Of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee, to be spent either upon God's altars or upon his poor,” both which are his receivers in the world. Probably it was according to some general instructions received from heaven that Abraham and Jacob offered the tenth of their acquisitions to God. Note, 1. God must be honoured with our estates, and must have his dues out of them. When we receive more than ordinary mercy from God we should study to give some signal instances of gratitude to him. 2. The tenth is a very fit proportion to be devoted to God and employed for him, though, as circumstances vary, it may be more or less, as God prospers us, 1 Corinthians 16:2; 2 Corinthians 9:7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 28:16

Surely the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not — God's manifestations of himself to his people carry their own evidence along with them. God can give undeniable demonstrations of his presence, such as give abundant satisfaction to the souls of the faithful, that God is with them of a truth; satisfaction not communicable to others, but convincing to themselves. We sometimes meet with God there, where we little thought of meeting with him. He is there where we did not think he had been, is found there where we asked not for him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and I:

Exodus 3:5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest [is] holy ground.
Exodus 15:11 Who [is] like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who [is] like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful [in] praises, doing wonders?
Joshua 5:15 And the captain of the LORD'S host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest [is] holy. And Joshua did so.
1 Samuel 3:4-7 That the LORD called Samuel: and he answered, Here [am] I. ... Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed unto him.
Job 9:11 Lo, he goeth by me, and I see [him] not: he passeth on also, but I perceive him not.
Job 33:14 For God speaketh once, yea twice, [yet man] perceiveth it not.
Psalms 68:35 O God, [thou art] terrible out of thy holy places: the God of Israel [is] he that giveth strength and power unto [his] people. Blessed [be] God.
Isaiah 8:13 Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and [let] him [be] your fear, and [let] him [be] your dread.
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Ex 3:5; 15:11. Jsh 5:15. 1S 3:4. Jb 9:11; 33:14. Ps 68:35. Is 8:13.

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