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Genesis 3:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the man called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all [the] living.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Adam called his wife's name Eve, because she was the mother of all living.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Man called his wife's name Eve; because she is the mother of all living.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So the man called the name of his wife, Eve,—in that, she, was made mother of every one living.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the man calleth his wife's name Eve: for she hath been mother of all living.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Adam called the name of his wife Eve: because she was the mother of all the living.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Adam called his wiues name Eue, because she was the mother of all liuing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Adam called the name of his wife Life, because she was the mother of all living.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Adam called his wife's name Chawwah; because she was the mother of all living.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And m אָדָם y120
[0120] Standard
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
x121
(0121) Complement
אָדָם
'Adam
{aw-dawm'}
The same as H0120; Adam, the name of the first man, also of a place in Palestine.
called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his wife's 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
aww חַוָּה; 2332
{2332} Prime
חַוָּה
Chavvah
{khav-vaw'}
Causative from H2331; lifegiver; Chavvah (or Eve), the first woman.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
she x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
the mother 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
living. 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 3:20

_ _ Adam called his wife’s name Eve — probably in reference to her being a mother of the promised Savior, as well as of all mankind.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 3:20

_ _ God having named the man, and called him Adam, which signifies red earth, Adam, in further token of dominion, named the woman, and called her Eve, that is, life. Adam bears the name of the dying body, Eve that of the living soul. The reason of the name is here given (some think, by Moses the historian, others, by Adam himself): Because she was (that is, was to be) the mother of all living. He had before called her Ishahwoman, as a wife; here he calls her Evahlife, as a mother. Now, 1. If this was done by divine direction, it was an instance of God's favour, and, like the new naming of Abraham and Sarah, it was a seal of the covenant, an assurance to them that, notwithstanding their sin and his displeasure against them for it, he had not reversed that blessing wherewith he had blessed them: Be fruitful and multiply. It was likewise a confirmation of the promise now made, that the seed of the woman, of this woman, should break the serpent's head. 2. If Adam did it of himself, it was an instance of his faith in the word of God. Doubtless it was not done, as some have suspected, in contempt or defiance of the curse, but rather in a humble confidence and dependence upon the blessing. (1.) The blessing of a reprieve, admiring the patience of God, that he should spare such sinners to be the parents of all living, and that he did not immediately shut up those fountains of the human life and nature, because they could send forth no other than polluted, poisoned, streams. (2.) The blessing of a Redeemer, and promised seed, to whom Adam had an eye, in calling his wife Evelife; for he should be the life of all the living, and in him all the families of the earth should be blessed, in hope of which he thus triumphs.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 3:20

God having named the man, and called him Adam, which signifies red earth, he in farther token of dominion named the woman, and called her Eve — That is, life. Adam bears the name of the dying body, Eve of the living soul. The reason of the name is here given, some think by Moses the historian, others by Adam himself, because she was — That is, was to be the mother of all living. He had called her Isha, woman, before, as a wife; here he calls her Evah, life, as a mother. Now, 1. If this was done by divine direction, it was an instance of God's favour, and, like the new naming of Abraham and Sarah, it was a seal of the covenant, and an assurance to them, that notwithstanding their sin, he had not reversed that blessing wherewith he had blessed them, Be fruitful and multiply: it was likewise a confirmation of the promise now made, that the seed of the woman, of this woman, should break the serpent's head. 2. If Adam did of himself, it was an instance of his faith in the word of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Adam:

Genesis 2:20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
Genesis 2:23 And Adam said, This [is] now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
Genesis 5:29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This [same] shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.
Genesis 16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou [art] with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
Genesis 29:32-35 And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely the LORD hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore my husband will love me. ... And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she said, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called his name Judah; and left bearing.
Genesis 35:18 And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing, (for she died) that she called his name Benoni: but his father called him Benjamin.
Exodus 2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
1 Samuel 1:20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, [saying], Because I have asked him of the LORD.
Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

Eve:
Heb. Chavah; that is, living

of:

Acts 17:26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:20, 23; 5:29; 16:11; 29:32; 35:18. Ex 2:10. 1S 1:20. Mt 1:21, 23. Ac 17:26.

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